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Stanford Cardinal

Stanford Cardinal
Logo
University Stanford University
Conference Pac-12 Conference
NCAA Division I/FBS
Athletic director Bernard Muir
Location Stanford, California
Varsity teams 36
Football stadium Stanford Stadium
Basketball arena Maples Pavilion
Baseball stadium Klein Field at Sunken Diamond
Other arenas Taube Tennis Center
Burnham Pavilion
Mascot Stanford Tree (unofficial)
Nickname Cardinal
Fight song "Come Join The Band" (official)
"All Right Now" (de facto)
Colors Cardinal and White[1]
         
Website www.gostanford.com

The Stanford Cardinal is the nickname of the athletic teams that represent Stanford University. Stanford's program has won 115 NCAA team championships, as well as 23 consecutive NACDA Directors' Cups, awarded annually to the most successful overall college sports program in the nation. Stanford's teams compete at the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I (Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) for college football) level as a member of the Pac-12 Conference, along with other schools from the western third of the United States.

Nickname and mascot history

Pac-12 Conference logo in Stanford's colors

Following its win over Cal in the first-ever Big Game in 1892, the color cardinal was picked as the primary color of Stanford's athletic teams. White was adopted as a secondary color in the 1940s.

1930 football ticket stub depicting the Stanford Indian mascot

On November 25, 1930, following a unanimous vote by the Executive Committee for the Associated Students, the athletic department adopted the mascot "Indian." The Indian symbol and name were later dropped by President Richard Lyman in 1972, after objections from Native American students and a vote by the student senate.[2]

From 1972 to 1981, the official nickname was the Cardinals, a reference to the color, not the bird.[2][3] During the 1970s, a number of suggestions were put forth as possible nicknames: Robber Barons (a sly reference to Leland Stanford's history), Sequoias, Trees, Railroaders, Spikes, Huns and Griffins. The last suggestion gained enough momentum to prompt the university to place two griffin statues near the athletic facilities.[2][3]

On November 17, 1981, school president Donald Kennedy declared that the athletic teams be represented by the color cardinal in its singular form.[2]

Stanford has no official mascot, but the Stanford Tree, a member of the Stanford Band wearing a self-designed tree costume, appears at major Stanford sports events. The Tree is based on El Palo Alto, a redwood tree in neighboring Palo Alto that appears in the Stanford seal and athletics logo.

Sports sponsored

Men's sports Women's sports
Baseball Basketball
Basketball Beach volleyball
Cross country Cross country
Football Field hockey
Golf Golf
Gymnastics Gymnastics
Rowing Lacrosse
Soccer Rowing
Swimming & diving Rowing lightweight
Tennis Soccer
Track and field Softball
Volleyball Squash
Water polo Swimming & diving
Wrestling Synchro
Tennis
Track and field
Volleyball
Water polo
Co-ed sports
Fencing – Sailing
† – Track and field includes both indoor and outdoor.

Stanford University sponsors 15 men's, 20 women's, and two coed sports varsity teams, primarily in competing in the NCAA Division I and the Pac-12 Conference. The rowing program competes in the Intercollegiate Rowing Association, the men's and women's gymnastics, track and field, men's volleyball, men's and women's water polo, and women's lacrosse all compete in the Mountain Pacific Sports Federation, the field hockey program competes in the America East Conference, sailing in the Intercollegiate Sailing Association, squash program in the College Squash Association, and the synchro program in the USA Synchro.

Football

Basketball

Baseball

The Cardinal have appeared in the NCAA Division I Baseball Tournament 31 times, and appearing in the College World Series 16 times. They have won two National Championships, in 1987 and 1988.

Men's golf

The men's golf team has won eight NCAA Championships: 1938,[4] 1939, 1941, 1942 (co-champions), 1946, 1953, 1994, 2007. They have crowned three individual national champions: Sandy Tatum (1942), Tiger Woods (1996), and Cameron Wilson (2014). They have won 10 Pac-12 Conference championships: 1960, 1968, 1970, 1974, 1977 (south), 1992, 1994, 2014–16.[5] Other notable players include Tom Watson, Bob Rosburg, NFL quarterback John Brodie, and Notah Begay III.

Women's golf

In 1971 Shelley Hamlin won the women's national intercollegiate individual golf championship (an event conducted by the Division of Girls' and Women's Sports, which evolved into the current NCAA women's golf championship).

Men's soccer

The Cardinal have appeared in the NCAA Division I Men's Soccer Tournament 14 times since their inaugural season in 1973, including 11 times in the 20 seasons from 1997–2016. They have seven appearances in the College Cup, including winning the 2015, 2016, and 2017 national championships.

Women's soccer

The Cardinal won the NCAA women's soccer championship in 2011 and in 2017.

Men's tennis

The Cardinal have won 17 NCAA Men's tennis championships: 1973, 1974, 1977, 1978, 1980, 1981,1983, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1992, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2000.[6]

Women's tennis

The Cardinal have won 18 NCAA Women's tennis championships: 1982, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1997, 1999, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2010, 2013, and 2016.[7][8]

Women's volleyball

Stanford is one of only two teams, along with Penn State, that has appeared in every NCAA tournament since its inception in 1981. Stanford has won 7 NCAA championships, tied with Penn State for the most of any team, and has appeared in 15 championship games, more than any other team.[9][10][11]

Wrestling

The Stanford Wrestling team is coached by Jason Borrelli. Borrelli wrestled at Central Michigan University. Currently in his sixth season, Borrelli has compiled a 42-53-3 career record. The Cardinal wrestlers practice in the Weintz Family Wrestling Room, and compete on campus at Burnham Pavilion, with a capacity of about 1,400.[12] The Cardinal Wrestling team have placed in the top 20 at the NCAA Division I Wrestling Championships in 1967 (13th), 2004 (19th), 2008 (19th), 2011 (11th), and 2012 (16th). The team finished third in the Pacific Coast Conference placings in 1933 and 1935, second in the AAWU in 1965, third in the Pacific-10 Conference in 1985 and 1986 second in the Pac-10 in 2008, and third in the Pac-12 in 2012.[13]

Stanford has one national champion in its history: Matt Gentry at 157 pounds in 2004. Through 2015, the Cardinal can claim 21 conference champions and 17 All-Americans, but no team Pac-12 titles.

Notable non-varsity sports

Rugby

Stanford has fielded a college rugby team since 1906, and replaced football entirely until 1917. Stanford achieved one of the most surprising victories of American rugby's early history by beating a touring Australian club team in 1912.[14] Rugby remained a varsity sport at Stanford until 1977.[15] Despite the loss of varsity status, the Stanford Rugby Foundation covers many of the team's expenses from an endowment fund. Rugby is one of the largest sports programs on campus with over 100 players.[15] Stanford Rugby is led by Director of Rugby Matt Sherman, who has served as an assistant coach for the U.S. men's national team.[16]

From 1996 to 1998 Stanford reached the national semifinals in three consecutive years, finishing second in 1998.[17] During the 2010–11 season, Stanford was champion of the Northern California conference, reached the national quarterfinals, and finished the season ranked 4th in D1-AA rugby.[18] Following the 2011–12 season, Stanford were promoted to Division 1-A and played in the California conference, but have since returned to Division 1-AA and now play in the Pacific Western conference. Stanford won the Pacific Western conference in 2014, earning a berth in the D1-AA national playoffs, where they defeated Oregon 24–12 at home in front of a strong crowd,[19] before losing to Arizona 27–24 in the quarterfinals.

Championships

NCAA team championships

Stanford has won 115 NCAA team national championships, the most in the NCAA. No other school has won more Division 1 NCAA team championships.[20] Stanford has won these NCAA team championships in 20 different sports.

  • Men's (63)
    • Baseball (2): 1987, 1988
    • Basketball (1): 1942
    • Cross country (4): 1996, 1997, 2002, 2003
    • Golf (8): 1938, 1939, 1941, 1942, 1946, 1953, 1994, 2007
    • Gymnastics (5): 1992, 1993, 1995, 2009, 2011
    • Outdoor track & field (4): 1925 (unofficial), 1928, 1934, 2000
    • Soccer (2): 2015, 2016, 2017
    • Swimming (8): 1967, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1998
    • Tennis (17): 1973, 1974, 1977, 1978, 1980, 1981, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1992, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2000
    • Volleyball (2): 1997, 2010
    • Water polo (10): 1976, 1978, 1980, 1981, 1985, 1986, 1993, 1994, 2001, 2002
  • Women's (51)
    • Basketball (2): 1990, 1992
    • Cross country (5): 1996, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007
    • Golf (1): 2015
    • Rowing (1): 2009
    • Soccer (2): 2011, 2017
    • Swimming (9): 1983, 1989, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998, 2017
    • Tennis (18): 1982, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1997, 1999, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2010, 2013, 2016
    • Volleyball (7): 1992, 1994, 1996, 1997, 2001, 2004, 2016
    • Water polo (6): 2002, 2011, 2012, 2014, 2015, 2017
† The NCAA started sponsoring the intercollegiate golf championship in 1939, but it retained the titles from the 41 championships previously conferred by the National Intercollegiate Golf Association in its records.

Other national team championships

Below are 37 national team titles in NCAA sports that were not bestowed by the NCAA:

  • Men’s (17)
    • Basketball (1): 1937 (retroactive Helms[21] and Premo-Porretta[22] selectors)
    • Football (2): 1926,[23] 1940[24]
    • Tennis (1): 1942
    • Tennis (12) (indoor): 1973, 1975, 1976, 1978, 1985, 1990, 1992, 1994, 1995, 1998, 2000, 2002 (ITA)
    • Water polo (1): 1963 (coaches' poll)
  • Women’s (20)
    • Rowing (6) (lightweight eights): 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2015, 2016, 2017 (IRA)
    • Swimming (1): 1980 (AIAW)
    • Tennis (1): 1978 (AIAW)
    • Tennis (10) (indoor): 1989, 1990, 1993, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2011 (ITA)
    • Water polo (1): 1985 (USA Water Polo)
‡ Unofficial by virtue of winning both the collegiate individual and doubles crowns of the U.S. Lawn Tennis Association

Below are 41 national team titles won by Stanford varsity and club sports teams at the highest collegiate levels in non-NCAA sports:

  • Men's (5)
    • Rugby (1) (Div. II): 2002
    • Sailing, offshore large boats (2): 1967, 1968
    • Ultimate (2): 1984, 2002
  • Women's (23)
    • Archery (2) (recurve): 2006, 2007
    • Rugby (4): 1999, 2005, 2006, 2008
    • Synchronized swimming (8): 1998, 1999, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2013, 2016 (USA Synchro collegiate championships)
    • Table tennis (1): 2006
    • Ultimate (8): 1997, 1998, 1999, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2016
  • Combined (13)
    • Badminton (3): 1997, 1998, 1999
    • Canoe/Kayak (4) (flatwater): 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005
    • Cycling (4) (road): 1995, 1996, 1997, 2007
    • Sailing (1) (team race): 1997 (ICSA)
    • Taekwondo (1): 2013

Consecutive years winning NCAA team championships

Stanford has won at least one NCAA team championship each year for 42 consecutive years, starting in 1976-77 and continuing through 2017-18.[25]

Stanford's run of 42 consecutive years winning an NCAA team championship is the longest such streak in NCAA history. The next longest NCAA championship streak is 19 years.

Stanford has won 100 NCAA team championships during this 42-year NCAA championship streak. The most NCAA team championships Stanford has won in a single year is six in 1996-97 (men's and women's cross-country, men's and women's tennis, and men's and women's volleyball). Stanford has won five NCAA team championships in a year three times (1991–92, 1994–95, and 1997–98).

NCAA individual championships

Stanford athletes have won 483 NCAA individual championships as of July 1, 2016.[26]

Stanford's 483 individual championships are the most individual championships won by any school in NCAA Division I. No other Division I school has won more than 400 NCAA individual championships.

Directors' Cups

Stanford has won the NACDA Directors' Cup every year for the last 23 years. The Directors' Cup recognizes the most successful overall sports program in NCAA Division I.[27]

The Directors' Cup is awarded annually by the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics (NACDA). The Directors' Cup rewards broad-based success in both men's and women's college sports. Points are awarded based on post-season success in NCAA-sponsored sports.[28]

Stanford finished second in the first Directors' Cup competition in 1993-94, behind North Carolina. Stanford won its first Directors' Cup the following year, 1994-95. Stanford has won the Directors' Cup every year since then, winning 23 Directors' Cups in a row from 1994-95 through 2016-17.[29]

Cal rivalry

Stanford has a traditional sports rivalry in the San Francisco Bay Area with the University of California, Berkeley.

Olympics representation

Stanford athletes have traditionally been very well represented at the Olympics.[30] In the 2008 Beijing Olympics, Stanford sent 47 current or former student athletes, 32 of whom competed for the United States, 14 for other countries, and one as a coach for the United States softball team.[31] In all, Stanford athletes won 25 medals:[32] For the 2012 London Olympics, 39 athletes were from Stanford and 26 represented Team USA.[33]

Stanford Athletic Hall of Fame

The Stanford Athletic Hall of Fame was established on December 21, 1954. The brainchild of Walt Gamage, sports editor of the now-defunct Palo Alto Times, the first class of inductees consisted of 34 Stanford sports greats. New members are inducted annually and are recognized during halftime of a home Stanford football game. The Stanford Athletic Hall of Fame Room is located on the first floor of the Arrillaga Family Sports Center on the Stanford campus.[34]

Sport Hall of Fame members
Baseball Mike Aldrete, Jeff Ballard, Bob Boone, Bobby Brown, Paul Carey, Joe Chez, Steve Davis, Bert Delmas, Mike Dotterer, Frank Duffy, Steve Dunning, Chuck Essegian, Dutch Fehring (coach), John Gall, Warren Goodrich, Jeffrey Hammonds, Eric Hardgrave, Jim Hibbs, A. J. Hinch, Ralph Holding, Ken Lilly, Jim Lonborg, Rick Lundblade, Mark Marquess (player and coach), David McCarty, Jack McDowell, Dave Melton, Lloyd Merriman, Pete Middlekauff, Bob Murphy, Mike Mussina, Kyle Peterson, Larry Reynolds, Randy Rintala, Jack Shepard, Stan Spencer, Ed Sprague, Cook Sypher, Zeb Terry, Sandy Vance, Ray Young
Men's basketball Forddy Anderson, John Arrillaga, Kimberly Belton, Mike Bratz, John Bunn (coach), Don Burness, Jarron Collins, Jason Collins, Bill Cowden, Howie Dallmar (player and coach), Ken Davidson, Tom Dose, Everett Dean (coach), Don Griffin, Art Harris, Casey Jacobsen, Keith Jones, Adam Keefe, Rich Kelley, Brevin Knight, Todd Lichti, Hank Luisetti, Nip McHose, Mike Montgomery (coach), Bryan "Dinty" Moore, Paul Neumann, Jim Pollard, John Revelli, Swede Righter, Harlow Rothert, George Selleck, Art Stoefen, Claude Terry, Ron Tomsic, Sebron "Ed" Tucker, Ed Voss, Jim Walsh, Don Williams, Howard Wright, George Yardley
Women's basketball Jennifer Azzi, Kristin Folkl, Sonja Henning, Jeanne Ruark Hoff, Nicole Powell, Olympia Scott, Kate Starbird, Katy Steding, Trisha Stevens, Val Whiting
Men's cross country Brad Hauser, Don Kardong, Bob King, Harry McCalla, Duncan Macdonald
Women's cross country Monal Chokshi, Alicia Craig, Lauren Fleshman, Ceci Hopp, Arianna Lambie, PattiSue Plumer, Kim Schnurpfeil-Griffin, Alison Wiley Rochon
Men's crew Dan Ayrault, James Fifer, Conn Findlay (coach), Duvall Hecht, Kent Mitchell, Edward P. Ferry, Kurt Seiffert
Women's crew Cathy Thaxton Tippett
Men's diving Rick Schavone (coach)
Women's diving Cassidy Krug, Eileen Richetelli, Rick Schavone (coach)
Men's fencing Nick Bravin, Al Snyder
Field hockey Nancy White-Lippe
Football Frankie Albert, Frank Alustiza, Bruno Banducci, Benny Barnes, Guy Benjamin, John Brodie, Jackie Brown, George Buehler, Don Bunce, Chris Burford, Ernie Caddel, Gordy Ceresino, Jack Chapple, Toi Cook, Bill Corbus, Murray Cuddeback, Ed Cummings, Dud DeGroot, Steve Dils, Pat Donovan, Mike Dotterer, John Elway, Chuck Evans, Skip Face, Hugh Gallarneau, Bobby Garrett, Ron George, Bobby Grayson, Bob "Bones" Hamilton, Ray Handley, Walt Heinecke, Tony Hill, Biff Hoffman, Brian Holloway, Dick Horn, Dick Hyland, Alex Karakozoff, Gary Kerkorian, Gordon King, Pete Kmetovic, Jim Lawson, Pete Lazetich, Vic Lindskog, James Lofton, John Lynch, Norm Manoogian, Ken Margerum, Ed McCaffrey, Bill McColl, Duncan McColl, Hal McCreery, Glyn Milburn, Phil Moffatt, Bob Moore, Sam Morley, Monk Moscrip, Wes Muller, Brad Muster, Darrin Nelson, Ernie Nevers, Dick Norman, Blaine Nye, Don Parish, John Paye, Jim Plunkett, Seraphim Post, John Ralston (coach), Bob Reynolds, Don Robesky, Ken Rose, Harlow Rothert, John Sande III, Clark Shaughnessy (coach), Harry Shipkey, Ted Shipkey, Jeff Siemon, Bob Sims, Malcolm Snider, Norm Standlee, Steve Stenstrom, Roger Stillwell, Chuck Taylor (player, coach and athletic director), Dink Templeton, Keith Topping, Tommy Vardell, Randy Vataha, Garin Veris, Bill Walsh (coach), Glenn "Pop" Warner (coach), Gene Washington, Bob Whitfield, Paul Wiggin (player and coach), Dave Wyman
Men's golf Notah Begay, Warren Berl, Bud Brownell, Bob Cardinal, Art Doering, Don Edwards, Bud Finger (coach), Lawson Little, Dick McElyea, Malcolm MacNaughton, Bob Rosburg, Charles Seaver, Steve Smith, Frank "Sandy" Tatum, Eddie Twiggs (coach), Tom Watson, Tiger Woods
Women's golf Patricia Cornett, Larissa Fontaine, Shelley Hamlin, Kathleen McCarthy-Scrivner, Mhairi McKay, Anne Quast-Sander, Mickey Wright
Men's gymnastics Steve Hug, Jon Louis, Jair Lynch, Ted Marcy
Women's gymnastics Larissa Fontaine
Rugby Marty Feldman, Joe Neal, Dick Ragsdale
Sailing Anika Leerssen
Skiing Bob Blatt
Men's soccer Klas Bergman, Harry Maloney (coach), Ryan Nelsen
Women's soccer Nicole Barnhart, Rachel Buehler, Jessica Fischer, Julie Foudy, Sarah Rafanelli, Kelley O'Hara, Christen Press
Softball Jessica Mendoza, Dana Sorensen
Men's swimming Bob Anderson, Ernie Brandsten (coach), Mike Bruner, Greg Buckingham, Emmet Cashin, Austin Clapp, Pete Desjardins, Dave Fall, John Ferris, Wade Flemons, James Gaughran, Paul Hait, George Harrison, Tom Haynie (coach), John Hencken, Marty Hull, Brian Job, Skip Kenney (coach), Jeff Kostoff, John Moffett, Robin Moore, Pablo Morales, Jay Mortenson, Anthony Mosse, Sean Murphy, Wally O'Connor, Clarence Pinkston, Brian Retterer, Jeff Rouse, Dick Roth, Ralph Sala, Al White, Ted Wiget
Women's swimming Marjorie Gestring Bowman, Sharon Stouder Clark, Marybeth Linzmeier Dorst, Catherine Fox, Sharon Geary Gee, George Haines (coach), Brenda Helser De Morelos, Misty Hyman, Jenna Johnson-Younker, Janel Jorgensen, Tara Kirk, Lea Loveless Maurer, Susan Rapp von der Lippe, Eileen Richetelli, Shelly Ripple, Chris von Saltza Olmstead, Summer Sanders, Jenny Thompson
Synchronized swimming Heather Olson
Men's tennis Joe Coughlin, Jim Davies, Laurence Dee, Jim Delaney, Bennett Dey, John Doeg, Jack Douglas, Jack Frost, Keith Gledhill, Dan Goldie, Dick Gould (coach), Alan Herrington, Cranston Holman, Alex Kim, Sam Lee, Alex Mayer, Tim Mayotte, Ralph McElvenny, John McEnroe, Patrick McEnroe, Matt Mitchell, R. Lindley Murray, Philip Neer, Alex O'Brien, Jared Palmer, Ted Schroeder, William Seward, Roscoe Tanner, James Wade, John Whitlinger
Women's tennis Jane Albert Willens, Julia Anthony, Sandra Birch, Frank Brennan (coach), Patty Fendick-McCain, Linda Gates, Laura Granville, Debbie Graham, Carol Hanks, Julie Heldman, Barbara Jordan, Kathy Jordan, Amber Liu, Meredith McGrath, Alycia Moulton, Lilia Osterloh
Men's track and field Terry Albritton, Gaylord Bryan, Otis Chandler, Ernie Cunliffe, Gordon Dunn, Hec Dyer, Ben Eastman, Ward Edmonds, Tiny Hartranft, Brad Hauser, Bud Held, Clyde Jeffrey, Payton Jordan (coach), Don Kardong, Bob King, Morris Kirksey, Sam Klopstock, Eric Krenz, Henri Laborde, Hugo "Swede" Leistner, James Lofton, Leo Long, John Lyman, Harry McCalla, Duncan Macdonald, Ray Malott, Bob Mathias, August Meier, Bill Miller, Ted Miller, Larry Questad, Jim Reynolds, Bill Richardson, Harlow Rothert, Bud Spencer, Toby Stevenson, Bob Stoecker, Dink Templeton (coach), Jack Weiershauser, Dave Weill, Pete Zagar
Women's track and field Carol Cady, Monal Chokshi, Alicia Craig, Pam Dukes, Jackie Edwards, Lauren Fleshman, Ceci Hopp, Arianna Lambie, Tracye Lawyer, PattiSue Plumer, Kim Schnurpfeil-Griffin, Alison Wiley Rochon
Men's volleyball Canyon Ceman, Scott Fortune, Dan Hanan, Michael Lambert, Jon Root
Women's volleyball Kristin Klein Keefe, Ogonna Nnamani, Beverly Oden, Kim Oden, Wendi Rush, Lisa Sharpley-Vanacht, Don Shaw (coach), Teresa Smith-Richardson, Logan Tom, Kerri Walsh, Cary Wendell Wallin
Men's water polo Tony Azevedo, James Bergeson, Doug Burke, Jody Campbell, Austin Clapp, Dante Dettamanti (coach), Chris Dorst, Charles K. Fletcher, John Gansel, James Gaughran, Marty Hull, Craig Klass, Drew McDonald, Alan Mouchawar, Wally O'Connor, John Parker, Gary Sheerer, Ted Wiget
Women's water polo Ellen Estes, Jackie Frank, Brenda Villa
Wrestling Matt Gentry, Vern Jones
Service Ted Leland (athletic director), Don Liebendorfer (sports information director), Al Masters (athletic director)

References

  1. ^ "Color". Stanford Identity Toolkit. Stanford University. Retrieved May 7, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d "What is the history of Stanford's mascot and nickname?". Stanford Athletics. July 7, 2015. Retrieved July 7, 2015. 
  3. ^ a b Associated Press (December 5, 1975). "Stanford vote favors 'Robber Barons' tag". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Retrieved February 7, 2011. 
  4. ^ The NCAA started sponsoring the intercollegiate golf championship in 1939, but it retained the titles from the 41 championships previously conferred by the National Intercollegiate Golf Association in its records.
  5. ^ "Stanford 2012–13 Men's Golf" (PDF). Retrieved June 26, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Men's Tennis History". Go Stanford. Stanford University. 
  7. ^ "Women's Tennis Championship History". NCAA. NCAA. 
  8. ^ "Stanford storms back to win 18th NCAA women's tennis championship". The Mercury News. The Mercury News. 
  9. ^ Wallach, Jordan. "Fantastic Fours". Stanford Daily. Retrieved 24 October 2015. 
  10. ^ "Stanford Women's Volleyball History". GoStanford.com. Stanford Athletics. Retrieved 24 October 2015. 
  11. ^ "Year-By-Year Results". GoStanford.com. Stanford Athletics. Retrieved 24 October 2015. 
  12. ^ "US Wrestling" (PDF). Stanford Athletics. Retrieved 2014-01-01. 
  13. ^ "US Wrestling Head Coach". Stanford Athletics. Retrieved 2014-01-01. 
  14. ^ Unmack, William (October 17, 1912). "Stanford defeats the Australian team, 13 to 12: Cardinal cuts loose and plays open game, beating them on their own style". This is American Rugby. The San Francisco Call. 
  15. ^ a b Stanford Rugby, Foundation, [www.stanfordrugby.org]
  16. ^ Stanford Men's Rugby, Coaches, [mrugby.stanford.edu]
  17. ^ College Premier Division
  18. ^ Rugby Mag, Final Men's D1 College Top 25, 2010/2011, May 17, 2011, [www.rugbymag.com]
  19. ^ "Stanford Down Ducks 24-12 - Onto Elite 8 vs. Arizona", Stanford Men's Rugby, May 4, 2014.
  20. ^ "Combined Championships Summary" (PDF). Retrieved March 19, 2017. 
  21. ^ Scott, Jon (Nov 9, 2010). "The truth behind the Helms Committee". Retrieved 2015-12-14. 
  22. ^ ESPN, ed. (2009). ESPN College Basketball Encyclopedia: The Complete History of the Men's Game. New York, NY: ESPN Books. p. 545. ISBN 978-0-345-51392-2. 
  23. ^ Stanford's 1926 football team won the Rissman Trophy as the national champion of one contemporary selector, the Dickinson System, and also was ranked #1 by three retroactive selectors, the Helms Athletic Foundation, the National Championship Foundation, and Jeff Sagarin,
  24. ^ Stanford's 1940 team was ranked #1 by one contemporary selector, the Poling System, and by two retroactive selectors, Helms Athletic Foundation and Billingsley Report.
  25. ^ "Champions Again". Stanford Athletics website. Retrieved March 19, 2017. 
  26. ^ "Combined Championships Summary" (PDF). NCAA website. Retrieved March 19, 2017. 
  27. ^ "2014-15 Year in Review". Stanford Athletics website. Retrieved July 23, 2015. 
  28. ^ "Learfield Sports Directors Cup". NACDA website. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  29. ^ "Directors' Cup Hoisted". Stanford Athletics website. Retrieved December 28, 2016. 
  30. ^ "Stanford Olympic Medalists by Olympiad". Stanford Athletics website. Retrieved August 25, 2008. 
  31. ^ "Stanford Well-Represented at Upcoming Summer Olympics". Stanford Athletics website. July 16, 2008. Retrieved August 25, 2008. 
  32. ^ "Stanford Medal Count". Stanford Athletics website. Retrieved August 25, 2008. 
  33. ^ "Stanford Olympic Medalists From London". Stanford University. Retrieved July 20, 2012. 
  34. ^ "The Stanford Athletic Hall of Fame". Stanford Athletics website. Retrieved January 21, 2011. 

External links