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Srirampore subdivision

Srirampore subdivision
Subdivision
Srirampore subdivision is located in West Bengal
Srirampore subdivision
Srirampore subdivision
Location in West Bengal, India
Srirampore subdivision is located in India
Srirampore subdivision
Srirampore subdivision
Srirampore subdivision (India)
Coordinates: 22°45′N 88°20′E / 22.75°N 88.34°E / 22.75; 88.34
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictHooghly
HeadquartersSerampore
Government
 • TypeSubdivisional headquarter
Area
 • Total422.45 km2 (163.11 sq mi)
Population
 • Total1,469,849
 • Density3,500/km2 (9,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeISO 3166-2:IN
Vehicle registrationWB
Websitewb.gov.in

Srirampore subdivision is an administrative subdivision of the Hooghly district in the state of West Bengal, India.

Overview

Srirampore subdivision is the most urbanised, and the one with the highest density of population, of all the subdivisions of Hooghly district. Urbanisation started with industrialisation of the Hooghly Flats, the narrow strip of land along the Hooghly and spread inland covering a large portion of Hooghly-Damodar Plain, the agriculturally rich alluvial plains lying between the Hooghly and the Damodar. The entire area is a part of the Gangetic Delta. The Hooghly is a tidal river and has a high west bank. The spread of urbanisation obviously affected the livelihood of the people, with a high proportion of workers being engaged in non-agricultural pursuits.[1][2]

Subdivisions

The Hooghly district is divided into the following administrative subdivisions:[3]

Subdivision Headquarters
Area
km2
Population
(2011)
Rural
Population %
(2011)
Urban
Population %
(2011)
Chinsurah Hugli-Chuchura 1,148.15 1,657,518 68.63 31.37
Chandannagore Chandannagar 508.08 1,127,176 58.52 41.48
Srirampore Serampore 422.45 1,469,849 26.88 73.12
Arambag Arambag 1,058.87 1,264,602 94.77 5.23
Hooghly district Chinsurah 3,149.00 5,519,145 61.43 38.57
Cities and towns in Chanditala I, Chanditala II and Jangipara CD Blocks in Srirampore subdivision in Hooghly district
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town, R: rural/ urban centre,
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly


Cities and towns in the Sreerampur Uttarpara CD Block in Srirampore subdivision in Hooghly district
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town,
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

Administrative units

Srirampore subdivision has 7 police stations, 4 community development blocks, 4 panchayat samitis, 34 gram panchayats, 240 mouzas, 208 inhabited villages, 6 municipalities and 34 census towns. The municipalities are Uttarpara-Kotrung, Konnagar, Serampore, Baidyabati, Rishra and Dankuni. The census towns are: Belumilki, Dakshin Rajyadharpur, Rishra, Bamunari, Nawapara, Nabagram Colony, Basai, Kanaipur, Raghunathpur, Masat, Jangalpara, Gangadharpur, Manirampur, Dudhkalmi, Nababpur, Kumirmora, Ramanathpur, Bhagabatipur, Kharsarai, Tisa, Kapashanria, Jaykrishnapur, Purba Tajpur, Begampur, Baksa, Panchghara, Chikrand, Janai, Pairagachha, Naity (Naiti), Barijhati, Garalgachha, Krishnapur and Rajbalhat. The subdivision has its headquarters at Serampore.[4][5]

Kolkata Urban Agglomeration

The following Municipalities and Census Towns in Srirampur subdivision were part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration in the 2011 census: Serampore (M), Baidyabati (M), Rishra (M), Konnagar (M), Uttarpara Kotrung (M), Rishra (CT), Bamunari (CT), Dakshin Rajyadharpur (CT), Nabagram Colony (CT), Raghunathpur (PS-Dankuni) (CT) and Kanaipur (CT).[6]

Police stations

Police stations in Srirampore subdivision have the following features and jurisdiction:[7][8]

Police station Area covered
km2
Municipal town CD Block
Jangipara n/a - Jangipara
Chanditala n/a - Chanditala I, Chanditala II (partly)
Dankuni n/a Dankuni Chanditala II (partly), Sreerampur Uttarpara (partly)
Uttarpara n/a Uttarpara-Kotrung, Konnagar Sreerampur Uttarpara (partly)
Serampore n/a Serampore, Baidyabati Sreerampur Uttarpara (partly)
Serampore Women n/a n/a n/a
Rishra n/a Rishra -

Blocks

Community development blocks in Srirampore subdivision are:[3][9]

CD Block Headquarters
Area
km2
Population
(2011)
SC % ST % Hindus % Muslims % Literacy
Rate %
Census
Towns
Sreerampur Uttarpara Serampore 44.80 152,266 23.04 0.82 90.14 9.10 86.68 9
Chanditala I Masat 93.45 179,825 19.60 0.16 65.23 34.60 83.76 9
Chanditala II Chanditala 70.34 158,396 15.21 1.00 81.35 18.41 84.78 15
Jangipara Jangipara 164.23 221,578 30.87 4.61 76.41 23.15 79.62 1

Economy

Industry

The first jute mill in India was set up at Rishra in 1855.[10] Hastings Jute Mill, established in 1875, in what was the country retreat of Warren Hastings, on the banks of the Hooghly at Rishra is owned by Sanjay Kajaria, MD of Murlidhar Ratanlal Exports.[11] Another jute mill at Rishra, the Wellington Jute Mill, stopped operations in 2016.[12] India Jute Mill at Serampore, established in 1866, also stopped working from 2015.[13][14]

There are several large and varied industrial units in Srirampore subdivision:

  • The manufacturing activities of ICI India Limited commenced in 1939 with the setting up of Alkali and Chemical Corporation of India at Rishra. The plant manufactures paints and special chemicals. AkzoNobel, a Dutch multinational, acquired the parent company in UK, Imperial Chemical Industries, in 2008.[15]
  • Hindustan National Glass & Industries Ltd., was founded by C.K.Somany in 1946, with the commissioning of India’s first fully automated glass manufacturing plant, at Rishra. It is a key player in India’s container glass industry.[16]
  • Jaya Shree Textiles Limited, a unit of Aditya Birla Nuvo Ltd. was established at Rishra in 1949. It is a leadig player in the linen and wool segment and a major exporter.[17]
  • Kusum Products Ltd. manufactures vanaspati, soap and detergents at Rishra.[18]
  • Aditya Birla Insulators, the largest Indian manufacturers of high voltage porcelain insulators, has one its two plants at PO Prabhas Nagar, Rishra. It caters to the entire spectrum of substation and transmission insulators. It exports to over 58 countries.[19]
  • Berger Paints India Ltd., the second largest paint company in India, has its head quarters at Kolkata and 10 manufacturing units spread across the country. It has a water based paint plant at Rishra.[20][21]
  • PMC Rubber Chemicals India Private Ltd. is a global developer and manufacturer of performance chemicals and plastics. They started in 1994 and have their plant at Rishra.[22][23]
  • The Phosphate Company Limited which manufactures and markets the super phosphate fertiliser under the Lakshmi brand, started production at Rishra in 1950. It is one of the leading brands in the market.[24][25]
  • United Spirits produces fast moving brands of Indian-made foreign liquor at Bhadrakali.[26][27]
  • Bhusan Industries Ltd. has set up a 1.5 lakh tons cold rolling mills complex near Rishra. It started production in 2000.[28]
  • Hooghly Alloy & Steels Co. Pvt. Ltd. was established in 1985 and have a 60,000 tonnes per annum rolling mills at Dakshin Rajyadharpur.[29]
  • Shalimar Wires Industry Limited was initially set up in 1961 at Uttarpara to provide import substitution support for the Indian paper industry. In the eighties it diversified into import substitution items for the tool room industry and synthetic forming fabric.[30]
  • Madura Coats Pvt. Ltd. established a factory at Serampore in 1889 to produce cotton and blended yarns and industrial products.[31][32]
  • Bhusan Power and Steel started with a cold rolling and galvanising plants in 2001 at Bangihati, Mallickpara, Dankuni and have subsequently expanded.[33]
  • Dankuni Coal Complex, operated by South Eastern Coalfields, at Dankuni, produces 1,000 MT per day of solid smokeless fuel branded as CILCOKE, 18 million cft per day of coalgas for supply in and around Kolkata and Howrah, tar chemicals etc.[34]
  • Diesel Locomotive Component Factory of the Indian Railways was inaugurated by Mamata Banerjee at Dankuni in 2012. It produces high horse power diesel locomotive underframes etc. It functions as a sister unit of Diesel Locomotive Works at Varanasi.[35][36][37]
  • Electric Loco Assembly and Ancillary Unit of Chittaranjan Locomotive Works of Indian Railways at Dankuni has started functioning in 2016.[38][39][40]

The entire area has a large number of medium and small industries.[41]

Hindustan Motors started operations at Hindmotor, a neighbourhood in Uttarpara Kotrung Municipality in 1948. The Ambassador was the best known amongst its models.[42] It declared suspension of work at its Uttarpara plant on 24 May 2014.[43]

The jute industry, once the pioneer in industrialising this state, has been in a bad shape, but it is not the jute industry alone that is in a bad shape. In the Srirampore subdivision, there are other units such as J.K.Steel and Bangaluxmi Cotton Mills, which have not been doing well or have closed down, although many other industries are doing well.[44][45][46]

Srirampore subdivision has a large migrant presence in the workforce. They have come from Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Orissa and Andhra Pradesh. They have settled in the slums around or near their work place and many of the locality names reflect their origins – Chhapra basti, Gayapar basti, Odiya basti and Telengipara.[47]

Handloom weaving

The handloom sarees of Dhaniakhali, Begampur, Jangipara, Rajbalhat areas and dhutis of Haripal, Rajbalhat, Khanakul areas of Hooghly district are widely familiar. [48]

Agriculture

Hooghly is an agriculturally prosperous district of West Bengal. Alhough the economy has been shifting away from agriculture, it is still the pre-dominant economic activity and the main source of livelihood for the rural people of the district. One third of the district income comes from agriculture.[49]Given below is an overview of the agricultural production (all data in tonnes) for Srirampore subdivision, other subdivisions and the Hooghly district, with data for the year 2013-14.[50]

CD Block/ Subdivision Rice Wheat Jute Pulses Oil seeds Potatoes Sugarcane
Jangipara 109,389 - 30,806 - 4,421 342,597 305
Chanditala I 10,600 - 4,282 7 261 51,925 -
Chanditala II 5,721 - 3,637 2 1,828 39,004 -
Sreerampur Uttarpara 1,142 11 1,095 3 1,548 2,585 2,132
Srirampore subdivision 126,852 11 39,820 12 8,058 436,111 2,437
Chinsurah subdivision 235,561 92 111,218 4 10,362 812,808 162
Chandannagore subdivision 189,791 12 136,276 - 6,522 313,692 -
Arambag subdivision 255,011 75 134,541 30 19,477 514,903 123,934
Hooghly district 807,215 190 421,855 46 44,419 2,077,514 126,533

Poverty

The information given above leads us on to a comment in the District Human Development Report for Hooghly district: In the sub-division wise comparison of the levels of poverty in Hooghly district, Srirampur and Chandannagore share the lowest incidence of poverty.[51]

Education

Hooghly district had a literacy rate of 81.80% as per the provisional figures of the census of India 2011. Chinsurah subdivision had a literacy rate of 79.17%, Chandannagore subdivision 83.01%, Srirampore subdivision 86.13% and Arambag subdivision 79.05. [52]

Given in the table below (data in numbers) is a comprehensive picture of the education scenario in Hooghly district for the year 2013-14:[52]

Subdivision Primary
School
Middle
School
High
School
Higher Secondary
School
General
College, Univ
Technical /
Professional Instt
Non-formal
Education
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Chinsurah 899 85,213 46 3,885 98 48,722 109 124,068 7 16,342 26 10,564 2,413 45,289
Chandannagore 606 53,382 32 3,312 46 22,000 77 89,132 6 20,450 6 778 1,297 29,127
Srirampore 577 64,207 25 3,611 65 37,997 97 108,199 8 16,631 3 793 1,337 33,060
Arambag 935 80,705 49 5,462 83 48,513 76 91,911 7 16,950 3 228 1,838 57,383
Hooghly district 3,013 283,407 152 16,270 292 157,232 359 413,310 28 70,373 38 12,363 6,885 164,859

Note: Primary schools include junior basic schools; middle schools, high schools and higher secondary schools include madrasahs; technical schools include junior technical schools, junior government polytechnics, industrial technical institutes, industrial training centres, nursing training institutes etc.; technical and professional colleges include engineering colleges, medical colleges, para-medical institutes, management colleges, teachers training and nursing training colleges, law colleges, art colleges, music colleges etc. Special and non-formal education centres include sishu siksha kendras, madhyamik siksha kendras, centres of Rabindra mukta vidyalaya, recognised Sanskrit tols, institutions for the blind and other handicapped persons, Anganwadi centres, reformatory schools etc.[52]

The following institutions are located in Srirampore subdivision:

Healthcare

The table below (all data in numbers) presents an overview of the medical facilities available and patients treated in the hospitals, health centres and sub-centres in 2014 in Hooghly district.[63]

Subdivision Health & Family Welfare Deptt, WB Other
State
Govt
Deptts
Local
bodies
Central
Govt
Deptts /
PSUs
NGO /
Private
Nursing
Homes
Total Total
Number
of
Beds
Total
Number
of
Doctors*
Indoor
Patients
Outdoor
Patients
Hospitals
Rural
Hospitals
Block
Primary
Health
Centres
Primary
Health
Centres
Chinsurah 1 2 3 24 - - - 31 61 1,091 108 94,213 1,830,358
Chandannagore 1 3 - 8 - - - 41 53 828 56 70,724 1,105,060
Srirampore 3 2 2 12 - - - 80 99 1,894 85 63,619 1,252,941
Arambag 1 1 5 16 - - - 35 58 919 57 83,469 1,743,719
Hooghly district 6 8 10 60 - - - 187 271 4,732 306 312,025 5,932,078

.* Excluding nursing homes

Medical facilities in Srirampore subdivision are as follows:
Hospitals: (Name, location, beds)[64]
Srirampur Subdivisional Hospital, Serampore Municipality, 266 beds
Srirampur TB Hospital, Serampore Municipality, 55 beds.
Srirampur ESI Hospital, Serampore Municipality, 216 beds.
.Uttarpara General Hospital, Uttarpara Kotrung Municipality, 204 beds
Female Vagrants Home, Uttarpara Kotrung Municipality.
Konnagar Matri Sadan O Sishu Mangal Pratisthan, Konnagar Municipality, 43 beds.
Rishra Municipal Seva Sadan, Rishra Municipality,150 beds.

Rural Hospitals: (Name, block, location, beds) [64]
Jangipara Rural Hospital, Jangipara CD Block, Jangipara, 60 beds.
Akuni Ichhapasar Rural Hospital, Chanditala I CD Block, Aniya, 30 beds.
Chanditala Rural Hospital, Chanditala II CD Block, Chanditala, 30 beds.
Kanaipur Rural Hospital, Sreerampur Uttarpara CD Block, Kanaipur, 30 beds.

Primary Health Centres (CD Block-wise)(CD Block, PHC location, beds)[64]
Jangipara CD Block: Mundalika (10 beds), Furfura (10 beds), Guti (4 beds), Rajbalhat (6 beds).
Chanditala I CD Block: Bhattapur, Akuni (4 beds), Gangadharpur (10 beds), Jangalpara (6 beds).
Chanditala II CD Block:Begampur (4 beds), Janai Baksa, Janai (10 beds).
Sreerampur Uttarpara CD Block: Rajyadharpur (10 beds).
Uttarpara Kotrung Municipality: Bhadrakali (5 beds).

Private Hospitals:* (Name, location, beds)[65]
Paramount Health Care, Maniktala, Serampore, 30 beds,
Disha Eye Hospital, Sheoraphuli, 25 beds
Kamala Ray Hospital Pvt. Ltd., Kotrung GT Road, PO Hindmotor, 50 beds
.* Excluding nursing homes

Electoral constituencies

Lok Sabha (parliamentary) and Vidhan Sabha (state assembly) constituencies in Srirampore subdivision were as follows: [66]

Lok Sabha constituency Reservation Vidhan Sabha constituency Reservation CD Block and/or Gram panchayats and/or municipal areas
Srerampur None Uttarpara None Uttarpara-Kotrang municipality, Konnagar municipality, Nabagram, Kanaipur and Raghunathpur gram panchayats of Sreerampur Uttarpara community development block
- - Sreerampur None Ward Nos. 3 to 19 and 25 of Serampore municipality, Rishra municipality, Rajyadharpur and Rishra gram panchayats of Sreerampur Uttarpara CD Block
- - Champdani None Champdani municipality, Baidyabati municipality, Ward Nos. 1 & 2 and 20 to 24 of Serampore municipality and Payarapur GP of Sreerampur Uttarpara CD Block
- - Chanditala None Bhagabatipur, Gangadharpur, Krishnarampur, Kumirmora and Nababpur GPs of Chanditala I CD Block and Baksa, Barijhati, Chanditala, Dankuni, Garalgachha, Janai, Monoharpur, Mrigala and Naiti GPs of Chanditala II CD Block
- - Jangipara None Jangipara CD Block and Aniya, Haripur, Masat and Sehakhala GPs of Chanditala I CD Block
- - Other two assembly segments are in Howrah district - -

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