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Sports sedan

Lotus Carlton

A sports sedan — also known as "sports saloon" — is a subjective term for a sedan/saloon car which is designed to have sporting performance or handling characteristics.

In the United Kingdom, the term super saloon is used instead of sports sedan. However, super saloon can also be used to describe a racing car that is based on a road-going family car, for example the New Zealand Super Saloon car racing series.[1]

History

1964 Renault R8 Gordini sports sedan
MG ZS 180
Maserati Quattroporte GTS
2010 Jaguar XFR
Mercedes Benz S63 AMG

The term was originally introduced in the 1930s and early examples include the Sports Saloon versions of the Rover 14[2][3] and Rover 16.[4][5]

From the 1960s, the term sports sedan was increasingly applied by manufacturers to special versions of their vehicles that allowed them to enter production cars in motor races. These cars contained modifications not normally permitted by the regulations which therefore required cars to be homologated typically by selling them in minimum numbers to the public. Some of the earlier examples were the Alfa Romeo 1900, Renault R8 Gordini (1964), Triumph Dolomite and Lotus Cortina.

In the twentieth century, sports sedans used a manual transmission and rear-wheel drive. However as other transmission types and drivetrain layouts have become more widespread for sedans in general, these have also been used by sports sedans.

Examples

North American usage

The term "sport sedan" was initially used in North America for luxury import sedans (i.e. BMW, Audi, and Mercedes-Benz). These cars gave higher priority to handling than the domestic luxury sedans (i.e. Cadillac and Lincoln), which were more focussed on comfort. However, since the 2000s, the domestic brands have begun producing sports sedan models such as the Cadillac CTS and Lincoln LS.[14][15][16]

Another term sometimes used is to describe sports sedans in the US is muscle car, but that normally relates to V8-powered two-door coupe American cars.[17]

References

  1. ^ [www.kiwicaddy.co.nz]
  2. ^ "Rover Speed 14". www.classicandsportscar.com. Retrieved 12 March 2018. 
  3. ^ "1936 Rover 14 Sports Saloon P2 - Superb, Restored cond. For Sale". www.carandclassic.co.uk. Retrieved 12 March 2018. 
  4. ^ "1947 Rover Sixteen Sports Saloon". www.bonhams.com. Retrieved 12 March 2018. 
  5. ^ "1938 Rover P2 16 Sports Saloon". www.classicandsportscar.ltd.uk. Retrieved 12 March 2018. 
  6. ^ a b "Battle of the super-saloons: BMW M5 vs. Vauxhall VXR8". Autocar. 25 April 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014. 
  7. ^ a b "Mercedes S63 AMG vs Jaguar XJR: super-saloon battle". Auto Express. 21 January 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014. 
  8. ^ [www.autocar.co.uk]
  9. ^ "The Super-Saloon". City AM. April 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014. 
  10. ^ "Mercedes' latest super saloon has speed, luxury, supreme quality and a gorgeous V8 growl... So why did it have to be so ugly?". Daily Mail. 11 May 2013. Retrieved 31 August 2014. 
  11. ^ Autoexpress April 2003 "Of all the cars transformed by Rover's engineers, this motor is perhaps the most remarkable, as it turned the originally rather dowdy 45 into a fire-breathing super saloon"[www.autoexpress.co.uk]
  12. ^ Fleet news Sept 2003 "Ford V8 power for MG's new 260 super saloon"[www.fleetnews.co.uk]
  13. ^ Autoexpress "GM gave the engineers at Hethel a Carlton GSi 3000 and asked them to transform it into a fire-breathing super saloon - which they did. The result was the legendary Lotus Carlton, the first four-door to crack the 170mph"[www.autoexpress.co.uk]
  14. ^ "2004 Lincoln LS review". www.autoblog.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018. 
  15. ^ "2017 Cadillac CTS V-Sport: Continuously Chasing The World's Best Sport Sedans". www.forbes.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018. 
  16. ^ "2018 Cadillac CTS". www.caranddriver.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018. 
  17. ^ Mueller, Mike (1997). Motor City Muscle: The High-Powered History of the American Muscle Car. MBI Publishing. p. 13. ISBN 978-0-7603-0196-8