The Canadian city of Calgary, Alberta, is home to a relatively deep-seated tradition of winter sports. Much of this stems from its location, with proximity to the Alberta Rocky Mountains and Banff National Park. After hosting the 1988 Winter Olympics, the city has also had winter sports and training facilities. Beyond winter sports, Calgary has a number of professional and amateur sports teams and is a major world pro rodeo centre.
Calgary is also the home of the Hart wrestling family and the Hart House which previously housed "The Dungeon", a famous pro wrestling training camp founded by Stu Hart, the family patriarch, where he trained many wrestlers including all of his sons, most notably Bret and Owen Hart.
Calgary is next to some of the most visited natural scenery in the world. Banff National Park is about 125 km northwest of Calgary on the Trans-Canada Highway. 30 km west of the city is the town of Bragg Creek. Another 45 km west of Bragg Creek is the Kananaskis Improvement District featuring hiking, horseback riding and mountain-biking trails, camping sites, rock and ice climbing, and cross country skiing. A Provincial shooting range for firearms is located on the highway to Kananaskis.
Many Calgarians and millions of tourists enjoy activities such as biking, hiking, skiing, snowboarding, mountainboarding, camping, and fishing in these parks every year. The town of Banff hosts nearly five million visitors annually.
Calgary boasts a variety of sport leagues in the summer and winter seasons. Australian Football, Soccer, Field Hockey, Basketball, Netball, Lacrosse, Cricket, Futsal, and Volleyball are all available in various locations throughout Calgary
Soccer has grown substantially and is played in both the summer, and indoors in the winter. Two Soccer domes, located in SE and NW Calgary allow for indoor play.
Calgary hosted the 1988 Winter Olympic Games. Many of the Olympic facilities continue to function as major high performance training facilities. Among the most notable of these are WinSport's Canada Olympic Park and the Olympic Oval.
Athletes also take advantage of the high altitude to improve their physical limit. With facilities that are considered to be world-class and proximity to the Canadian Rockies, Calgary attracts athletes from all over Canada and around the world for winter sport training.
Calgary's multipurpose arena, the Scotiabank Saddledome was formerly known as the Olympic Saddledome. The Saddledome was the first modern arena in North America capable of accommodating an Olympic regulation-sized ice rink. Calgary's primary open-air stadium, McMahon Stadium, was the site of the opening and closing ceremonies of the Olympics and is currently the venue for Calgary's Canadian Football League team, the Calgary Stampeders. The stadium has a capacity of 35,400 and is the fifth largest in Canada.
The Olympic Oval is primarily a speed-skating arena that can also accommodate hockey and high-performance training. The rink's ice is world-renowned, and it brings some of the best speed skaters in the world to the facility for training and competition. The Oval has often been touted as having "the fastest ice on Earth" due to the fact that it is a climate-controlled facility and because of the effects of high altitude on the ice surface. As a result, many world records have been broken there. It was at this place where the likes of Catriona Le May Doan and Cindy Klassen trained for their Olympic and world stardom.
Golf is also a popular sport in Calgary. Major courses include Heritage Pointe, Priddis Greens, the Glencoe Golf and Country Club and the Calgary Golf and Country Club (these have been ranked among the top 100 in Canada). Calgary is also within a short drive to many top rated mountain courses including Banff Springs, Kananaskis and Stewart Creek.
Both Calgary and the Canadian Rockies are destinations for cycling and mountain biking. Within Calgary, a large bike path network exists (nearly 600 km) as part of the city's transportation infrastructure. It is used extensively both for commuting to work and for recreation as it connects most of the city's parks. Large parks such as Fish Creek Provincial Park and Nose Hill Park are also major destinations for cyclers.
In the summer, Canada Olympic Park functions as a venue for both cross-country and downhill cycling. The Glenmore Velodrome is an outdoor track facility in the city. The Calgary BMX Association also operates a BMX racing track near Blackfoot Trail.
There is a general cycling advocacy group, Bike Calgary.
Calgary hosted the following major North American and International sporting events:
|Calgary Stampeders||Canadian Football League||McMahon Stadium||1945||8|
|Calgary Flames||National Hockey League||Scotiabank Saddledome||1980*||1|
|Calgary Roughnecks||National Lacrosse League||Scotiabank Saddledome||2001||3|
|Cavalry FC||Canadian Premier League||ATCO Field||2018||0|
(*) Established as the Atlanta Flames in 1972.
|Calgary Colts||Canadian Junior Football League||McMahon Stadium||1967||2|
|Calgary Canucks||Alberta Junior Hockey League||Max Bell Centre||1971||9|
|Calgary Mustangs||Alberta Junior Hockey League||Father David Bauer Olympic Arena||1990||1|
|Calgary Speed Skating Association||Speed Skating Canada||Olympic Oval||1990||10|
|Calgary Hitmen||Western Hockey League||Scotiabank Saddledome||1995||2|
|Calgary Kangaroos||United States Australian Football League||Inland Athletic Park||2002||0|
|Calgary Roller Derby||Women's Flat Track Derby Association||West Hillhurst Community Arena||2006||0|
|Calgary Kookaburras||Canada Women's Australian Football League||Queen Elizabeth High School||2007||2|
|Calgary RATH||National Ringette League||Various||2008||3|
|Prairie Wolf Pack||Canadian Rugby Championship||Calgary Rugby Park||2009||1|
|Calgary Rage||Western Women's Canadian Football League||Shouldice Park||2011||0|
|Calgary Foothills FC||USL League Two||Foothills Composite High School||2014||1|
|Calgary Tigers||Western Canada Hockey League||1920-1936||4|
|Calgary Cowboys||World Hockey Association||1975-1977||0|
|Calgary Wranglers||Western Hockey League||1977-1987||0|
|Calgary Boomers||North American Soccer League||1980-1981||0|
|Calgary Cannons||Pacific Coast League||1985-2002||0|
|Calgary Kickers||Canadian Soccer League||1987-1989||1|
|Calgary 88s||World Basketball League||1988-1992||0|
|Calgary Rad'z||Roller Hockey International||1993-1994||0|
|Calgary Mavericks||Rugby Canada Super League||1998-2010||1|
|Calgary Oval X-Treme||National Women's Hockey League||2002-2009||5|
|Calgary Outlaws||Canadian Baseball League||2003||1|
|Calgary Drillers||American Basketball Association||2004-2005||0|
|Calgary Vipers||North American League||2005-2011||0|
|Calgary United F.C.||Canadian Major Indoor Soccer League||2007-2014||2|
|Calgary Inferno||Canadian Women's Hockey League||2011-2019||2|
|Calgary Crush||American Basketball Association||2012-2015||0|