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Sphaerobacter

Sphaerobacter
Scientific classification
Domain:
Phylum:
Class:
Order:
Sphaerobacterales

Stackebrandt et al., 1997
Suborder:
Sphaerobacterineae

Garrity et al., 2003
Family:
Sphaerobacteraceae

Stackebrandt et al., 1997
Genus:
Sphaerobacter

Demharter et al., 1989
Species:
S. thermophilus
Binomial name
Sphaerobacter thermophilus
Demharter et al., 1989

Sphaerobacter is a genus of bacteria. When originally described it was placed in its own subclass (Spahaerobacteridae) within the class Actinobacteria. Subsequently, phylogenetic studies have now placed it in its own order Sphaerobacterales within the phylum Chloroflexi.[1][2] Up to now there is only one species of this genus known (Sphaerobacter thermophilus).[3] The closest related cultivated organism to S. Thermophilus is the Thermomicrobium Roseum and has an 87% sequence similarity which indicates that S. Thermophilus is one of the most isolated bacterial species.[4]

References

  1. ^ Stackebrandt E, Rainey FA, Ward-Rainey NL (1997). "Proposal for a new hierarchic classification system, Actinobacteria classis nov". International Journal of Systematic Microbiology. 47 (2): 479–491. doi:10.1099/00207713-47-2-479.
  2. ^ Philip Hugenholtz and Erko Stackebrandt Reclassification of Sphaerobacter thermophilus from the subclass Sphaerobacteridae in the phylum Actinobacteria to the class Thermomicrobia (emended description) in the phylum Chloroflexi (emended description) Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 54 (2004), 2049-2051; doi:10.1099/ijs.0.03028-0 PMID 15545432; PDF
  3. ^ LPSN bacterio.net

4. Pati, A., Labutti, K., Pukall, R., Nolan, M., Glavina Del Rio, T., Tice, H., … Lapidus, A. (2010). Complete genome sequence of Sphaerobacter thermophilus type strain (S 6022). Standards in genomic sciences, 2(1), 49–56. doi:10.4056/sigs.601105