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Spartakiad of the Peoples of the USSR

Spartakiad of Peoples of the USSR
First event1956
Occur every4 years
Last event1991
PurposeNational sports festival
HeadquartersMoscow, Soviet Union

The Spartakiad of the Peoples of the USSR (Russian: Спартакиада народов СССР, Spartakiada narodov SSSR[1]) was a mass multi-sport event in the Soviet Union which lasted from 1956–1991. The competition was a descendant of the international Spartakiads, named after the classical escaped slave leader Spartacus. The USSR Spartakiad comprised two separate quadrennial competitions: the Summer Spartakiad and the Winter Spartakiad. The competitions were conducted between the constituent Republics of the Soviet Union.

In 1952 the Soviet Union decided to join the Olympic movement, and international Spartakiads ceased. However the term continued to exist for internal sports events in the Soviet Union of different levels, from local up to the Spartakiad of the Peoples of the USSR. The first Soviet Spartakiad was held in 1956.[2] The competition had local level qualifying competitions, with the summer finals traditionally staged in the capital, Moscow, and the winter finals in Sverdlovsk.

Editions

A commemorative stamp for the 1956 Spartakiade, showing women's basketball

Summer

Edition Year City Nation Start Date End Date Teams Athletes Sports Events Top Placed Team
I 1956 (details) Moscow Soviet Union August August
II 1959 (details) Moscow Soviet Union August August
III 1963 (details) Moscow Soviet Union August August
IV 1967 (details) Moscow Soviet Union July August
V 1971 (details) Moscow Soviet Union August August
VI 1975 (details) Moscow Soviet Union March August
VII 1979 (details) Moscow Soviet Union August August
VIII 1983 (details) Moscow Soviet Union May August
IX 1986 (details) Moscow Soviet Union June September
X 1991 (details) Moscow Soviet Union March September

Winter

1982 Winter Spartakiad (post stamp)
Edition Year City Nation Start Date End Date Teams Athletes Sports Events Top Placed Team
I 1962 (details) Sverdlovsk Soviet Union March March
II 1966 (details) Sverdlovsk, Gorky, Terskol and Kiev Soviet Union March March
III 1974 (details) Sverdlovsk Soviet Union March March
IV 1978 (details) Sverdlovsk Soviet Union March March
V 1982 (details) Krasnoyarsk Soviet Union 4 March 16 March
VI 1986 (details) Krasnoyarsk Soviet Union 24 February 11 March
VII 1990 (details) Kiev Soviet Union March March

Sports

Summer

Sports 1956 1959 1963 1967 1971 1975 1979 1983 1986 1991 Total
Archery X X X X X X 6
Athletics (details) X X X X X X X X X X 10
Badminton X X 2
Basketball X X X X X X X X X 9
Boxing X X X X X X X X X X 10
Chess X X X X X X X X 8
Cycling (track) X X X X X X X X 8
Cycling (road) X X X X X X X X X X 10
Diving X X X X X X X X X X 10
Equestrian X X X X X X X X X X 10
Fencing X X X X X X X X X X 10
Field hockey X X X 3
Football (details) X X X X 4
Gorodki X X 2
Gymnastics (acrobatic) X X 2
Gymnastics (artistic) X X X X X X X X X X 10
Gymnastics (rhythmic) X X X X 4
Gymnastics (trampolining) X X 2
Handball X X X X X 5
Judo X X X X 4
Kayak and Canoe X X X X X X X X X X 10
Kettlebell lifting X 1
Modern pentathlon X X X X X X X X X 9
Motorcycle sport X 1
Rowing X X X X X X X X 8
Sailing X X X X X X 6
Sambo X X X X X X 6
Shooting X X X X X X X X X 9
Skeet shooting X X X X X X X X X 9
Swimming X X X X X X X X X X 10
Synchronized swimming X X X 3
Table tennis X X X X X 5
Tennis X X X X X X X X X 9
Underwater sports X 1
Volleyball (men) X X X X X X X X X X 10
Volleyball (women) X X X X X X X X X 9
Water polo X X X X X X X X X 9
Water skiing X 1
Weightlifting X X X X X X X X X X 10
Wrestling (freestyle) X X X X X X X X X X 10
Wrestling (Greco-Roman) X X X X X X X X X X 10

References

  1. ^ Ukrainian: Спартакіада народів СРСР; Lithuanian: TSRS tautų spartakiada; Latvian: PSRS tautu spartakiāda
  2. ^ Catalogue of Postage Stamps of the USSR 1918–1974, “Soyuzpechat” Central Philatelic Agency [Wikidata] (CPA) of the Ministry of Communications of the USSR publisher, Moscow, 1976. See also subsequent yearly catalogues.

External links

  • Spartakiads at RSSSF
  • Spartakiad at Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia
  • Spartakiad in the Soviet Union
  • Spartakiad of Peoples of the USSR in 1956 and 1959.
  • Kostenko, A. Summer spartakiads of peoples of the USSR. Blogs at sovsport.ru. 2011
  • Spartakiads of Peoples of the USSR. Dynamo Encyclopedia at Google Books. "OLMA Media Group", 2003. ISBN 9785224043996