Elcano in Pontevedra
|Name:||Juan Sebastian de Elcano|
|Namesake:||Juan Sebastián Elcano|
|Ordered:||17 April 1925|
|Builder:||Echevarrieta y Larrinaga yard, Cadiz, Spain|
|Launched:||5 March 1927|
|Maiden voyage:||19 April 1928|
|Length:||113 m (371 ft)|
|Beam:||13.11 m (43.0 ft)|
|Height:||48.5 m (159 ft)|
|Draft:||7 m (23 ft)|
|Sail plan:||four-masted barquentine; 21 sails, total sail area of 2,870 m2 (30,900 sq ft)|
|Complement:||300 sailors, 90 midshipmen|
|Armament:||2 × 57 mm ceremonial gun mounts|
|Notes:||Line art of Juan Sebastián de Elcano|
Juan Sebastián de Elcano is a training ship for the Royal Spanish Navy. It is a four-masted topsail, steel-hulled barquentine (schooner barque). At 113 metres (371 ft) long, it is the third-largest tall ship in the world, and is the sailing vessel that has sailed the furthest, covering more than 2,000,000 nautical miles (3,700,000 km; 2,300,000 mi) in its history.
It is named after Spanish explorer Juan Sebastián Elcano, captain of Ferdinand Magellan's last exploratory fleet and the man who completed the first circumnavigation of the world. The ship also carries the Elcano coat of arms, which was granted to the family by Emperor Charles I following Elcano's return in 1522 from Magellan's global expedition. The coat of arms is a terraqueous globe with the motto "Primus Circumdedisti Me" (meaning: "First to circumnavigate me").
'Juan Sebastián de Elcano' was built in 1927 in Cadiz, Spain, and its hull was designed by the naval architect Mr C E Nicholson of Camper and Nicholsons Ltd of Southampton. Constructed by Echevarrieta y Larrinaga shipyard in Cadiz. After the proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic in April 1931 the ship became part of the Spanish Republican Navy.
In 1933 under Commander Salvador Moreno Fernández's order, a series of improvements were made to the ship and the bronze plate with the Latin language inscription Tu Primus Circumdedisti Me was placed near the prow. At the time of the coup of July 1936 Juan Sebastián Elcano was at Ferrol, a harbor that had been taken by the Nationalist faction. Its plans were used twenty-five years later to construct its Chilean sail training vessel sister ship Esmeralda in 1952-1954.
Its first voyage was sea testing between April and July that year from Cádiz to Malaga, with King Alfonso XIII on board as a passenger, and then on to Sevilla, Las Palmas, Tenerife, San Sebastián, Cádiz, São Vicente, Cape Verde, Montevideo, Buenos Aires, Cape Town, Adelaide, Melbourne, Sydney, Suva, San Francisco, California, Balboa, Panama, Havana, New York City, Cádiz.
Commanders that have been in charge of Juan Sebastián Elcano for crossings and instruction.
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