Clive House at Rastraguru Avenue in Nagerbazar is mired in controversy. It is thought of as the first pucca brick and cement building in the north Kolkata area, possibly built by the Portuguese. Now, some people are saying that it was the hunting lodge of an Indian prince or noble man (and so where was the jungle?) What is definitely known is that it was used by British soldiers when they first started coming into the country and then Robert Clive took it over, renovated it, added a floor to the single-storeyed building and made it his country house (some people refer to it as his residence, which appears doubtful) around 1757-60. The house is located on a raised ground. In the otherwise flat surroundings it is even thought of as a mound or a hill. The more interesting part of the story is that “on excavation of Clive House, coins, terracotta figures, sculpture, potteries etc. and information of a Portuguese Fort were found.” The articles found could be of the Sen period but some people think that it could have links with the 2,000 years/ more older civilisation unearthed earlier at Chandraketugarh. Clive House is under the Archaeological Survey of India since 2004, but squatters inside and outside Clive House have hindered restoration work.
South Dumdum municipality was established in 1870.
With the partition of Bengal in 1947, "millions of refugees poured in from erstwhile East Pakistan." In the initial stages bulk of the refugees were non-agriculturists. A few of them made their own arrangements, but "it was squatters who made the East Bengali refugees famous or infamous." Squatting (jabardakhal in Bengali) ranged from the forcible occupation of barracks to the collective take-over of private, government and waste land. By 1949, there were 65 refugee colonies in the Dum Dum and Panihati zone. The squatters were in a way “self-settlers” in the absence of adequate official arrangements for rehabilitation. Within a very short time the refugees (quite often with government/ administrative support) not only found a place to stay but developed a society with markets, schools, temples and sometimes even colleges, hospitals and recreational centres.
Cities and towns in the southern portion of Barrackpore subdivision in North 24 Parganas district M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town, N: neighbourhood/administrative location Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly
96% of the population of Barrackpore subdivision (partly presented in the map alongside, all places marked on the map are linked in the full screen map) lives in urban areas. In 2011, it had a density of population of 10,967 per km2 The subdivision has 16 municipalities and 24 census towns. For most of the cities/ towns information regarding density of population is available in the Infobox. Population data is not available for neighbourhoods. It is available for the entire municipal area and thereafter ward-wise.
As per the 2011 Census of India, South Dum Dum had a total population of 403,316, of which 202,214 (50%) were males and 201,102 (50%) were females. Population below 6 years was 28,703. The total number of literates in South Dum Dum was 344,971 (92.09% of the population over 6 years).
As of 2001[update] India census, South Dumdum had a population of 392,150. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. South Dumdum has an average literacy rate of 83%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 87%, and female literacy is 80%. In South Dumdum, 8% of the population is under 6 years of age.
As per the District Census Handbook 2011, South Dumdum municipal city covered an area of 9.23 km2. Amongst the civic amenities it had 7,940 km of roads and both open and covered drains. Amongst the medical facilities It had 438 medicine shops. Amongst the educational facilities it had 149 primary schools, 1 middle school, 41 secondary schools and 38 senior secondary schools. Amongst the social, recreational and cultural facilities it had 1 orphanage home, 1 old age home, 1 stadium, 4 cinema/theatres, 3 auditorium/ community halls, 1 public library and 1 reading room. It had 12 bank branches.
The first track of Kolkata Metro, the first underground metro in India, was constructed from Dum Dum to Tollyganj. It was progressively commissioned, the full length of 16.45 km being commissioned in 1995. The Dum Dum metro station is located adjacent to Dum Dum Junction railway station. The extension of metro from Dum Dum to Dakshineswar was sanctioned in 2010-11. It was extended up to Noapara in 2013. The subsequent work was held up because of the encroachments on railway land. The state government has taken steps to remove the encroachment and work is expected to make progress.
The following institutions are located in Dum Dum:
Dum Dum Krishna Kumar Hindu Academy, at Motijheel Avenue, Amarpalli, in Ward No. 9, South Dum Dum Municipality, is a boys only Bengali-medium higher secondary school. It has arrangements for teaching from Classes VI – XII. It was established in 1933.
Dum Dum Kishore Bharati High School, Motijheel Avenue, in Ward No. 9, South Dum Dum Municipality, is a boys only Bengali-medium higher secondary school. It has arrangements for teaching from Classes VI – XII. It was established in 1965.
Dum Dum Road Government-sposored High School for Girls, at Ghugudanga, is a girls only Bengali-medium higher secondary school. It was established in 1962.
Krishnapur Adarsha Vidyamandir, at Dum Dum Park, in Ward No. 28 in South Dum Dum Municipality, is a boys only Bengali-medium higher secondary school. It has facilities for teaching in Classes VI to XII. It was established in 1954. About 3000 students studies in this school and popular as one of the best school in the State. The school is fully controlled under cctv surveillance.
Dum Dum Prachya Banimandir for Boys at Seth Bagan is a boys only higher secondary school.
Dum Dum Prachya Banimandir for Girls at Seth Bagan is a girls only higher secondary school.
Dum Dum Sri Aurabinda Vidyamandir in Kshudiram Colony is a co-educational higher secondary school.
Sahid Rameswar Vidyamandir, Jessore Road, Amarpalli, is a co-educational, higher secondary school.
Seth Bagan Adarsha Vidyamandir is a co-educational, higher secondary school.
Christ Church Girls High School, Jessore Road, is a Bengali-medium, girls only school preparing students for madhyamik and higher secondary examination of the West Bengal boards. Established in 1882, it has arrangements for teaching from Infant to Class XII. Admission for Primary section starts around December. It has hostel facilities.
^Chatterjee, Monideep, "Town Planning in Calcutta: Past, Present and Future", in "Calcutta, The Living City" Vol II, Edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, Page 142, First published 1990, 2005 edition, ISBN 019 563697
^Chatterjee, Nilanjana, "The East Bengal Refugees: A Lesson in Survival", in "Calcutta, The Living City" Vol II, Edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, Pages 72-75, First published 1990, 2005 edition, ISBN 019 563697
^"District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A"(PDF). Section II Town Directory, Pages 781-783 Statement I: Growth History, Pages 799-803; Statement II: Physical Aspects and Location of Towns, Pages 791-794; Statement III: Civic and other Amenities, Pages 795-796; Statement IV: Medical Facilities 2009, Pages 803-805 Section: Educational, Recreational and Cultural Facilities. Directorate of Census Operations V, West Bengal. Retrieved 31 May 2018.