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South Dum Dum

South Dumdum
City
South Dumdum Municipality
South Dumdum Municipality
South Dumdum is located in West Bengal
South Dumdum
South Dumdum
Location in West Bengal, India
South Dumdum is located in India
South Dumdum
South Dumdum
South Dumdum (India)
Coordinates: 22°37′N 88°24′E / 22.61°N 88.40°E / 22.61; 88.40
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictNorth 24 Parganas
RegionGreater Kolkata
Metro StationDum Dum and Dum Dum Cantonment(under construction)
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodySouth Dumdum Municipality
 • ChairmanPachu Roy [1]
 • Vice-ChairmanSujit Bose [2]
Area
 • Total13.54 km2 (5.23 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total403,316
 • Density30,000/km2 (77,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
700028, 700030, 700048, 700055, 700065, 700074, 700077, 700089
Telephone code+91 33
Vehicle registrationWB
Lok Sabha constituencyDum Dum, Barasat
Vidhan Sabha constituencyDum Dum, Bidhannagar, Rajarhat Gopalpur
Websitesddm.ind.in

South Dum Dum is a city and a municipality of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is close to Kolkata and also a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA) bound by Sinthee and Cossipore to the west, Kolkata Airport and Rajarhat to the north, Shyambazar and Belgachia to the south and Salt Lake to the east. It is under the Rajarhat Gopalpur constituency. Flanked by commercial hubs Salt Lake and New Town, it is one of the most affluent neighbourhoods in northern suburbs of Kolkata.

Etymology

During the 19th century Dum Dum area was home to the Dum Dum Arsenal, a British Royal Artillery facility.[2]

History

Clive House, Ramgarh, Nagerbazar

South Dumdum Municipality was established in 1870.[3]

With the partition of Bengal in 1947, "millions of refugees poured in from erstwhile East Pakistan."[4] In the initial stages, the bulk of these refugees were non-agriculturists. A few of them made their own arrangements, but "it was squatters who made the East Bengali refugees famous or infamous." Squatting (jabardakhal in Bengali) ranged from the forcible occupation of barracks to the collective take-over of private, government, and wasteland. By 1949, there were a total of 65 refugee colonies in the Dum Dum and Panihati zones. The squatters were in a way "self-settlers" in the absence of adequate official arrangements for rehabilitation. Within a very short time, the refugees (quite often with government/administrative support) not only found a place to stay but developed a society that included markets, schools, temples and sometimes even colleges, hospitals and recreational centres.[5][6]

Clive House on Rastraguru Avenue in Nagerbazar is mired in controversy. It is thought of as the first pucca brick and cement building in North Kolkata area and was possibly built by the Portuguese. Some say that it was the hunting lodge of an Indian prince or nobleman. What is known is that it was used by British soldiers when they first entered the country. Later, Robert Clive took the area over, renovated it, added a floor to the single-story building, and made it his country house around 1757-60. The house is located on raised ground in otherwise flat surroundings. When Clive House was excavated, a variety of artefacts were recovered, including coins, terracotta figures, sculptures, pottery and intelligence on a Portuguese fort. The articles found could be of the Sen period, or may alternatively have links with the ancient civilization unearthed earlier at Chandraketugarh. Clive House has been in the domain of the Archaeological Survey of India since 2004, but squatters inside and outside the structure have hindered restoration work.[7][8][9][10][11][12][13]

Geography

Cities and towns in the southern portion of Barrackpore subdivision in North 24 Parganas district
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town,
N: neighbourhood/ administrative location
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

Location

Shyamasundari Temple, Purba Sinthee
Alcove Gloria (Apartment Complex), Lake Town

South Dumdum is located at 22°37′N 88°24′E / 22.61°N 88.40°E / 22.61; 88.40.[14]

South Dumdum is bounded by North Dumdum (Municipality) and Dum Dum (Municipality) on the north, Baguiati and adjacent areas of VIP Road on the east, Salt Lake on the south and Belgachia and Sinthee in Kolkata district and Baranagar (Municipality) on the west.[15][16]

South Dum Dum consists of localities such as Nagerbazar, Amarpally, Motijheel, Subhas Nagar, Bediapara, Jheelbagan, Jawpore, Ghughudanga, Purba Sinthee, Seth Bagan, Kalindi, Lake Town, Bangur Avenue, Shyamnagar, Satgachhi, Patipukur, Dakshindari, Dum Dum Park etc.

96% of the population of Barrackpore subdivision (partly presented in the map alongside, all places marked on the map are linked in the full screen map) lives in urban areas. In 2011, it had a density of population of 10,967 per km2. The subdivision has 16 municipalities and 24 census towns.[17] For most of the cities/towns, information regarding the density of population is available in the Infobox. Population data is not available for neighbourhoods. It is available for the entire municipal area and thereafter ward-wise.

Police station

Dum Dum police station under Barrackpore Police Commissionerate has jurisdiction over Dum Dum and parts of South Dumdum Municipal areas.[18][19] Lake Town police station under Bidhannagar Police Commissionerate also has jurisdiction over parts of South Dum Dum.[20]

Post Offices

South Dum Dum is a vast locality with many Postal Index Numbers:

Motijheel has a delivery sub post office, with PIN 700074 in the Kolkata North Division of Kolkata district in Calcutta region. Other post offices with the same PIN are Dum Dum Road and Jawpore.[21]

Sethbagan has a non-delivery sub post office, with PIN 700030 in the Kolkata North Division of Kolkata district in Calcutta region. Other post offices with the same PIN are Purba Sinthee and Ghughudanga.[22]

Subhas Nagar has a non-delivery sub post office, with PIN 700065 in the Kolkata North Division of Kolkata district in Calcutta region. Other post office with the same PIN is Health Institute. Bediapara has a delivery sub post office, with PIN 700077 in the Kolkata North Division of Kolkata district in Calcutta region.[23]

Nagerbazar has a non-delivery sub-post office, with PIN 700028 in the Kolkata North Division of Kolkata district in Calcutta region. Another post office with the same PIN is Jugipara Satgachhi.[24]

Bangur Avenue has a delivery sub-post office, with PIN 700055 in the Kolkata East Division of North 24 Parganas district in Calcutta region. Other post offices with the same PIN are Dum Dum Park and Shyamnagar.[25]

Lake Town has a delivery sub-post office, with PIN 700089 in the Kolkata East Division of North 24 Parganas district in Calcutta region. Another post office with the same PIN is Kalindi Housing Estate.[26]

Patipukur has a non-delivery sub-post office, with PIN 700048 in the Kolkata East Division of North 24 Parganas district in Calcutta region. Other post offices with the same PIN are Sreebhumi and Sadhana Ausudhalaya Road (Dakshindari).[27]

Demographics

Population of South Dumdum 
CensusPop.
190110,904
191112,87418.1%
192114,0309.0%
193118,47131.7%
194125,83839.9%
195161,391137.6%
1961111,28481.3%
1971174,34256.7%
1981230,26632.1%
1991232,8111.1%
2001392,44468.6%
2011403,3162.8%
Source:[28]

Population

As per the 2011 Census of India, South Dum Dum had a total population of 403,316, of which 202,214 (50%) were males and 201,102 (50%) were females. Population below 6 years was 28,703. The total number of literates in South Dum Dum was 344,971 (92.09% of the population over 6 years).[29]

As of 2001 India census,[30] South Dumdum had a population of 392,150. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. South Dumdum has an average literacy rate of 83%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 87%, and female literacy is 80%. In South Dumdum, 8% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Kolkata Urban Agglomeration

The following Municipalities, Census Towns and other locations in Barrackpore subdivision were part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration in the 2011 census: Kanchrapara (M), Jetia (CT), Halisahar (M), Balibhara (CT), Naihati (M), Bhatpara (M), Kaugachhi (CT), Garshyamnagar (CT), Garulia (M), Ichhapur Defence Estate (CT), North Barrackpur (M), Barrackpur Cantonment (CB), Barrackpore (M), Jafarpur (CT), Ruiya (CT), Titagarh (M), Khardaha (M), Bandipur (CT), Panihati (M), Muragachha (CT) New Barrackpore (M), Chandpur (CT), Talbandha (CT), Patulia (CT), Kamarhati (M), Baranagar (M), South Dumdum (M), North Dumdum (M), Dum Dum (M), Noapara (CT), Babanpur (CT), Teghari (CT), Nanna (OG), Chakla (OG), Srotribati (OG) and Panpur (OG).[31]

Economy

Saltee Plaza (Commercial Complex), Nagerbazar

South Dumdum municipality is included in the Kolkata Metropolitan Area for which the KMDA is the statutory planning and development authority.[32][33]

Transport

NH 12 (previously NH 34), running from Dalkhola to Bakkhali, locally popular as Jessore Road, passes through South Dum Dum.[34][16] In 2012, a flyover was opened from Amarpally to Nagerbazar Sarojini Naidu Women College to decongest the heavy traffic on Jessore Road towards Dumdum/Kolkata Airport.[35]

Several buses ply on Jessore Road, Dum Dum Road and Lake Town Road.

Dum Dum Junction railway station, on the Sealdah-Ranaghat line, is 7 km from Sealdah railway station.[36][16] It is part of the Kolkata Suburban Railway system. Two lines branch out after Dum Dum Junction railway station – the Calcutta Chord line linking Dum Dum Junction railway station with Dankuni Junction railway station[37] and the Sealdah-Bangaon line.[38]

Kolkata Metro, the first underground metro in India, was initially constructed from Dum Dum to Tollygunge. It was progressively commissioned, the full length of 16.45 km being commissioned in 1995.[39] Dum Dum metro station is located adjacent to Dum Dum Junction railway station.[40][41][42][43]

Travel within South Dum Dum and Dum Dum

There are a plenty of blue-yellow private buses, mini-buses and taxis, as well as a few WBTC buses in South Dum Dum. Autos are plentiful and can be used for short stretches.

Nagerbazar is the hub of autos where there are 4 routes originates viz:

1) Nagerbazar - Dum Dum Junction,

2) Nagerbazar - Dum Dum Cantonment,

3) Nagerbazar - Airport 1 no. gate,

4) Nagerbazar - Lake Town.

In addition, there are taxis: Nagerbazar has a large taxi stand. The other popular means of travel over short distances is the rickshaw, newly battery operated rickshaws (locally called Totos) can also be seen.

Travel within South Dum Dum and North Dum Dum

Education

The following institutions are located in South Dum Dum:

  • Dum Dum Motijheel College was established in Dum Dum in 1950. The college runs in two shifts. The women's section has classes in the morning and the coeducational section has classes during the day. Both the sections offer various subjects. The college has a post graduate unit in M.Sc. mathematics and M.A. English. It offers a vocational course in instrumentation.[44][45]
  • Dum Dum Motijheel Rabindra Mahavidyalaya was established at Dum Dum in 1968.It was started as an evening college in commerce, became a day college in commerce in 1974 and finally a general day college, with arts, science, and commerce courses, in 2004. It offers B.Com (Hons) in marketing, geography honours in B.Sc. and Journalism honours in B.A.[46][47]
  • Dr. Sudhir Chandra Sur Degree Engineering College, established by the JIS Educational Initiatives at Dum Dum in 2009 offers degree, diploma and post graduate courses in engineering. It is affiliated to Makaut University[48]
  • Dum Dum Krishna Kumar Hindu Academy, at Motijheel Avenue, Amarpalli, is a boys only Bengali-medium higher secondary school. It has arrangements for teaching from Classes VI – XII. It was established in 1933.[49][50]
  • Dum Dum Kishore Bharati High School, Motijheel Avenue, in Ward No. 9, South Dum Dum Municipality, is a boys only Bengali-medium higher secondary school. It has arrangements for teaching from Classes VI – XII. It was established in 1965.[51][52]
  • Krishnapur Adarsha Vidyamandir, at Dum Dum Park, in Ward No. 28, is a boys only Bengali-medium higher secondary school. It has facilities for teaching in Classes VI to XII. It was established in 1954.[53][54] About 3000 students studies in this school and popular as one of the best school in the State. The school is fully controlled under cctv surveillance.
  • Dum Dum Prachya Banimandir for Boys and Dum Dum Prachya Banimandir for Girls at Seth Bagan. Schools are different for both genders and is a higher secondary school.[55]
  • Dum Dum Sri Aurabinda Vidyamandir in Khudiram Colony is a co-educational higher secondary school.[56]
  • Sahid Rameswar Vidyamandir, Jessore Road, Amarpalli, is a co-educational, higher secondary school.[57]
  • Seth Bagan Adarsha Vidyamandir is a co-educational, higher secondary school.[58]
  • Christ Church Girls High School, Jessore Road, is a Bengali-medium, girls only school preparing students for madhyamik and higher secondary examination of the West Bengal boards. Established in 1882, it has arrangements for teaching from Infant to Class XII. Admission for Primary section starts around December. It has hostel facilities.[59][60]
  • St. Mary's Orphanage & Day School, Kolkata, was initially set up by Christian Brothers from Ireland at Murgighata in Calcutta in 1848 and shifted to Dum Dum Road in 1947. It is a boys only institution and prepares students for the ICSE and ISC examinations.[61][62]
  • Howard Memorial English School, in Debinibas Road, is an English-medium co-educational school leading to ICSE Board examinations. It was established in 1963.[63]
  • Ramakrishna Sarada Mission Vivekananda Vidyabhavan was established by Ramakrishna Sarada Mission at Dum Dum in 1961. It is a partly residential college for women. It offers honours courses in Bengali, English, Sanskrit, education, history, philosophy, political science, economics, sociology, journalism & mass communication, economics and geography.[64][65]
  • Indian College of Arts and Draftsmanship, was established at Dum Dum in 1893. It offers courses in painting, applied arts, sculpture and graphics. It is affiliated with Rabindra Bharati University.
  • Dum Dum Motijheel Girls' High School, at Dum Dum Road, is a girls’ only high school, under WB board, providing higher secondary education.[66][67]

Healthcare

South Dumdum Maternity Home functions with 15 beds.[68]

ILS Hospital, near Nagerbazar Flyover, is a 120-bed multi-speciality hospital. It offers 14 surgical facilities and 2 speciality clinics – bariatric (weight-loss) and diabetic.[69][70]

A new municipality hospital is under construction, located on Jessore Road, near Shyamnagar Bus stop. Though the work is halted for many years due to some issues.

Market and Entertainment

Major markets in South Dumdum are-

Diamond Plaza Mall, Shyamnagar-Satgachhi
Inside View of Diamond Plaza Mall, Shyamnagar-Satgachhi
  • Nagerbazar market
  • Dumdum station market
  • Dumdum Road market
  • Patipukur Fish market
  • Kalindi, Laketown market
  • Gorabazar market
  • Dumdum Park market
  • Diamond Plaza mall

Entertainment areas like-

  • Diamond Plaza mall
  • Indira Maidan
  • Rabindra Bhawan
  • Amal Duta Krirangan

See also

References

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  2. ^ "First World War.com - Encyclopedia - Dum-Dum Bullet". www.firstworldwar.com. Retrieved 7 May 2020.
  3. ^ "South Dum Dum Municipality". Barrackpore administration. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
  4. ^ Chatterjee, Monideep, "Town Planning in Calcutta: Past, Present and Future", in "Calcutta, The Living City" Vol II, Edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, Page 142, First published 1990, 2005 edition, ISBN 0-19-563697-X
  5. ^ Chatterjee, Nilanjana, "The East Bengal Refugees: A Lesson in Survival", in "Calcutta, The Living City" Vol II, Edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, Pages 72-75, First published 1990, 2005 edition, ISBN 0-19-563697-X
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