|• M.P.||Ramesh Chander Kaushik (BJP)|
|• M.L.A.||Surender Panwar (INC)|
|Elevation||224.15 m (735.40 ft)|
|• Additional official||English, Punjabi|
|Time zone||UTC+5.30 (Indian Standard Time)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-HR|
|Vehicle registration||HR-10, HR-69(Commercial Vehicles), HR-99(Temporary), DL-14 Sonipat (Delhi NCR)|
|Sex Ratio||1.19 ♂/♀|
Sonipat is a city and a Municipal Corporation in Haryana state of India. It comes under the National Capital Region and is around 20 kilometres (12 mi) from Delhi. It is also around 214 km(128 miles) southwest of Chandigarh, the state capital. The Yamuna River runs along the eastern boundary.
On 22 December 1972, Sonipat was created a full-fledged district. It lies on Delhi Western Peripheral Expressway, Eastern Peripheral Expressway (NE II) and Grand Trunk Road (NH 44) as well as the planned Delhi–Sonipat–Panipat Regional Rapid Transit System and It is also connected by the under implementation Delhi Metro extension of Yellow line to be completed in Phase IV by March 2022.
According to legend, Sonipat was earlier known as Sonprastha, which later on became Swarnprastha (lit. 'Golden City'). Later, the name Swarnprastha changed into Swarnpath, and then to its current form, Sonipat.
Reference to the city comes in the epic Mahabharata as Swarnprastha. It was one of the five Prastha demanded by Pandavas as the price of peace from Duryodhan in lieu of the kingdom Hastinapur. The other four Prastha were Panprastha (Panipat), Baghprastha (Baghpat), Tilprastha (Tilpat) and Indraprastha (Delhi).[page needed]
Sonipat is located at .
|Climate data for Sonipat|
|Average high °C (°F)||21
|Average low °C (°F)||8
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||19.7
|Average relative humidity (%)||66||58||47||32||35||53||68||71||66||55||51||63||55|
|Source #1: [www.myweather2.com] |
|Source #2: [www.meoweather.com] |
As of 2011[update] the population of Sonipat, within the city limits, was 278,149. The urban agglomeration, which includes suburbs outside of the city's jurisdiction, had a total population of 289,333.
The Khwaja Khizr Tomb situated in Jatwara houses the remains of the saint and son of Darya Khan who lived during the rule of Ibrahim Lodhi. The structure was built between 1522 and 1525 AD. The tomb stands on an elevated platform and is one of the few monuments where red sandstone along with ‘kankar’ blocks have been used. The ceiling is decorative and made of multicolor floral designs. The cenotaph chamber is surrounded by a dome-shaped structure which rests on a small drum of octagonal shape. Now the site is under the protection of Archaeological Survey of India and surrounded by four acres (1.6 ha) of gardens.
The main water system in the district is the Yamuna River and the irrigation canals flowing out of it. The river flows besides the rural belt in the eastern side of district. It also acts as a natural boundary between the states of Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.
Sonipat is famous for its monsoon time sweet dish ghevar which has its roots of origin here. Also its Dhabas (local restaurants) at Murthal on Grand Trunk Road, Pyarelal ke Pede and Lala Matu Ram ki Jalebi from Gohana are very popular.
There are six HSIIDC industrial estates namely Sonepat city, Barhi, Kundli, Murthal, Rai and Samalkha. The development of Sonepat Industrial area in the city started in the 1950s with Atlas Cycle. Since then, many small and big industries have been established here. Atlas, E.C.E. or the Birla Factory, OSRAM India (formerly part of E.C.E., but in October 1998 it was acquired by OSRAM).
Despite recent industrial development, Haryana is primarily an agricultural state. The main crops are wheat, rice, sugarcane, cotton, oilseeds, pulses, barley, maize, millet, etc. Presently, rice and sugarcane cultivation is undertaken in the Khadar area and oilseeds, horticultural plants, vegetables and flowers, is cultivated in the upland plains of district. The main sources of irrigation are tube wells and canals. There are two main types of crops: Rabi and Kharif. The major Kharif crops of Haryana are rice, jowar, bajra, maize, cotton, jute, sugarcane, Baby corn, Sweet corn, sesame and groundnuts. For these crops the ground is prepared in April and May and the seeds are sown at the commencement of rains in June. The crops are ready for harvesting by the beginning of November. The major Rabi crops are wheat, tobacco, pulses, linseed, rapeseed and mustard. The ground is prepared by the end of October or the beginning of November and the crops are harvested by March. Dairy farming forms an essential part of the rural economy. Animal husbandry has been taken up as an integral component of diversified agriculture.
The Rajiv Gandhi Education City, Sonipat (RGEC) at Kundli is project by Government of Haryana to develop a hub of higher education institutes in 5000 acres of land. Indian Institute of Technology Sonipat has already taken possession of 50 acres of land offered for the extension of its Delhi campus. Many universities have started their projects to establish their campus.
The Sonipat Hindu Educational & Charitable Society and Tika Ram Education Society has been active since 1914 and has established 17 institutions offering programmes at secondary, senior secondary, graduate and post graduate levels in the fields of science, arts, commerce, pharmacy, education, architecture, engineering and technology.
Shri Sanatan Dharam Sabha is another charitable trust which isactive in the field of education in the city. It runs the Gita Vidya Mandir College of Pharmacy and Gita Vidya Mandir Girls College.
There are many colleges in the fields of arts, commerce, hospitality, pharmacy, education, architecture, engineering, technology and management.
The Sports Authority of India has established the Northern Regional Center (the SAI, Ch. Devi Lal Regional Center) at Sonipat to provide world-class facilities for athletes (especially wrestlers).
In July 1973 the government established the Motilal Nehru School of Sports, Rai, Sonipat to provide education facilities with extra emphasis on sports. It trains athletes in hockey, basketball, lawn tennis, horse riding, gymnastics, swimming, rifle shooting, volleyball, boxing, cricket and football.
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