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Sitting volleyball (sometimes known as paralympic volleyball) is a form of volleyball for athletes with a disability.
Timeline: 1965: invention of sitting volleyball (Netherlands) 1967: first international sitting volleyball competition was held (Germany) 1976: sitting volleyball debuts as a demonstration sport (Toronto Paralympic Games) 1980: men’s sitting volleyball debuts as a medal sport (Arnhem Paralympic Games) 2004: women’s sitting volleyball debuts as a medal sport (Athens Paralympic Games) 
In sitting volleyball, a 7 meter-long, 0.8 meter-wide net is set at 1.15 meters high for men and 1.05 meters high for women. The court is 10 x 6 meters with a 2-meter attack line. The rules are the same as the original form of volleyball with the exceptions that players must have at least one buttock in contact with the floor whenever they make contact with the ball and it is also possible to block the serve.[self-published source]  Athletes with the following disabilities are eligible to compete in sitting volleyball: athletes with amputations, spinal cord injuries, cerebral palsy, brain injuries and stroke. Classifications of these athletes by disability are placed into two categories: MD and D. MD stands for "Minimally Disabled," and D stands for “Disabled.” While Minimally Disabled athletes have lost only a fraction of their muscular strength and flexibility in a joint preventing them from successfully playing standing volleyball, Disabled athletes have lost all of their muscular strength and flexibility in that joint. Only two MD players are allowed on the roster for the Paralympic Games and only one is allowed on the court at a time; this is to keep the competition fair between rival teams. The rest of the team must be classified as D players.
Skills are largely identical to the sport of volleyball and the following game terminology apply:
List also includes former members (national teams that took part in previous major tournaments).
|List of sitting volleyball national teams|
Sitting volleyball was first demonstrated at the Summer Paralympic Games in 1976 and was introduced as a full Paralympic event in 1980. The 2000 games was the last time standing volleyball appeared on the Paralympic programme. The women's sitting volleyball event introduction followed in the 2004.
|1998||Tehran||Iran||Finland||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|2002||Cairo||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Germany||Iran|
|2006||Roermond||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Iran||Egypt|
|2010||Edmond||Iran||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Egypt|
|2014||Elblag||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Brazil||Iran|
|2018||The Hague||Iran||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Ukraine|
|2||Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH)||3||2||1||6|
|Totals (11 nations)||12||12||12||36|
|4||United States (USA)||0||3||0||3|
|Totals (9 nations)||7||7||7||21|
|1997||Tallinn||Finland||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|1999||Sarajevo||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Germany||Finland|
|2001||Sárospatak||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Germany|
|2003||Lappeenranta||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Germany||Finland|
|2005||Leverkusen||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Germany||Russia|
|2007||Nyíregyháza||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Russia||Germany|
|2009||Elblag||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Russia||Germany|
|2011||Rotterdam||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Russia||Germany|
|2013||Elblag||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Russia||Germany|
|2015||Warendorf||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Germany||Russia|
|2017||Poreč||Russia||Ukraine||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
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