|The Right Honourable
Sir John Gilmour
Bt GCVO DSO PC TD JP DL
1 October 1932 – 7 June 1935
|Prime Minister||Ramsay MacDonald|
|Preceded by||Sir Herbert Samuel|
|Succeeded by||Sir John Simon|
|Born||27 May 1876
Montrave, Fife, Scotland
|Died||30 March 1940
|Spouse(s)||(1) Mary Louise Lambert
(2) Violet Agnes Lambert
|Alma mater||University of Edinburgh
Trinity Hall, Cambridge
Gilmour was the son of Sir John Gilmour, 1st Baronet, chairman of the Scottish Conservative and Unionist party, who was created a baronet in 1897. His mother was Henrietta, daughter of David Gilmour. He was educated at Trinity College, Glenalmond, University of Edinburgh and Trinity Hall, Cambridge.
He served in South Africa in 1900–1901 with the 20th (Fife and Forfar) Company of Imperial Yeomanry and was awarded the Queen's medal with 4 clasps and was twice mentioned in despatches. His letters from the Boer War were published in 1996 under the tile "Clearly My Duty" by his son, Sir John Gilmour, 3rd Baronet. He again served in World War I with the Fife and Forfar Yeomanry, where he was again mentioned in despatches and awarded the DSO with bar. His service after the war saw him rise to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel when he commanded the Fife and Forfar Yeomanry. On 8 May 1931 he was made the Honorary Colonel of the Fife and Forfar Yeomanry.
He unsuccessfully contested East Fife in 1906 and was elected as Member of Parliament (MP) for East Renfrewshire from 1910–1918 and for Glasgow Pollok from 1918 until 1940. He was a Junior Lord of the Treasury in 1921-1922, Scottish Unionist Whip from 1919–1922 and in 1924.
He was appointed as Secretary for Scotland in 1924, and became the first Secretary of State for Scotland when the post was upgraded in 1926. A member of the Orange Order, Gilmour, as Secretary for Scotland, repudiated the Church of Scotland's report, "The Menace of the Irish Race to our Scottish Nationality".
Gilmour was Master of the Fife Fox Hounds, 1902–1906 and a Member of Fife County Council 1901-1910. He was Rector of the University of Edinburgh, 1926–1929 and was awarded honorary degrees by the University of Glasgow in 1925, the University of Edinburgh in 1927 and the University of St Andrews in 1929. He was a Brigadier with the Royal Company of Archers. He was made Vice-Lieutenant for the County of Fife on 27 March 1936. Appointed GCVO 1935.
Gilmour married first, at St. Mary´s church, Battle, Sussex, on 9 April 1902 Mary Louise Lambert, daughter of Edward Tiley Lambert. After her death in 1919 he married secondly his first wife's sister, Violet Agnes, in 1920. There were children from both marriages.
Gilmour died in March 1940, aged 63, and was succeeded in the baronetcy by his son from his first marriage, John, who also had a successful political career. His daughter from his first marriage, Dame Anne Margaret Bryans, was a physician.. His great-nephew, George Younger, was also a Conservative MP and served as Scottish Secretary from 1979-1986.
- Torrance, David, The Scottish Secretaries (Birlinn 2006)
- Leigh Rayment's list of baronets – Baronetcies beginning with "G" (part 1) [self-published source][better source needed]
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs [self-published source][better source needed]