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Sijjin

Sijjin (Arabic: سِجِّين‎) is in Islamic belief either a prison, vehement torment or straitened circumstances at the bottom of Jahannam, i.e. Gehenna or hell, below the earth (compare Greek Tartarus),[1][2] or, according to a different interpretation, a register for the damned or record of the wicked,[3] which is mentioned in Surah al-Muṭaffifīn (83:7–9) of the Quran. The antithesis of Sijjin is Illiyin.

Etymology

The word as an adjective means "vehement" or "intense" and is derived from the root S-J-N (س ج ن) related to gaoling or imprisonment. The Arabic word for prison sijn (Arabic: سِجْن‎), along with verbs from the root, appears several times in Surah Yūsuf in relation to the account of Joseph in prison.[4]

Interestingly, a similar-sounding word (but of unrelated etymology from Byzantine Greek σιγίλλιον sigíllion via Classical Syriac), sijill (Arabic: سِّجِلّ‎) appears in a verse (21:104) and is translated as "scroll". Some exegetes who interpret the word sijjīn as a register for the damned or a book listing the names of the sinful draw a connection between the two words.

Shia tradition

According to some Shia traditions, the enemies of Ahl al-Bayt are created from the earth of Sijjin.[5]

In popular culture

The Turkish horror film series Siccîn is named after this Islamic term.

See also

References

  1. ^ Abdul-Rahman, Muhammad Saed (2018). Tafsir Ibn Kathir Part 30 of 30: An Nabaa 001 To An Nas 006. Muhammad Saed Abdul-Rahman. p. 75. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  2. ^ Christian Lange Locating Hell in Islamic Traditions BRILL 978-90-04-30121-4 p. 17
  3. ^ Imani, Sayyid Kamal Faqih. An Enlightening Commentary Into the Light of the Holy Qur'an. Tehran, Iran: Imam Ali Foundation. ISBN 9781519112446. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  4. ^ "The Quranic Arabic Corpus - Quran Dictionary". corpus.quran.com. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  5. ^ Mohammad Ali Amir-Moezzi The Divine Guide in Early Shi'ism: The Sources of Esotericism in Islam SUNY Press 2016 ISBN 978-0-791-49479-0 page 166