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Siirt Province

Siirt Province

Siirt ili
Location of Siirt Province in Turkey
Location of Siirt Province in Turkey
CountryTurkey
RegionSoutheast Anatolia
SubregionMardin
Government
 • Electoral districtSiirt
 • GovernorAli Fuat Atik
Area
 • Total5,406 km2 (2,087 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total331,670
 • Density61/km2 (160/sq mi)
Area code(s)0484
Vehicle registration56

Siirt Province, (Turkish: Siirt ili, Kurdish: Parêzgeha Sêrt‎) is a province of Turkey, located in the southeast. The province borders Bitlis to the north, Batman to the west, Mardin to the southwest, Şırnak to the south, and Van to the east. It has an area of 5,406 km² and a total population of 300,695 (as of 2010). The provincial capital is the city of Siirt. The majority of the province's population is Kurdish.[2] The current Governor of the Siirt province is Ali Fuat Atik.[3]

History

In Order to Turkefy the local population,[4] in September 1927 the law Law 1164 was passed[5] which allowed the creation of Inspectorates-General (Umumi Müffetişlik, UM).[6] that governed with martial law and a state of emergency.[7] The Siirt province was included in the so called First Inspectorate General (Umumi Müfettişlik, UM) in which an Inspector General governed with wide-ranging authority of civilian, juridical and military matters.[6] The UM span over the provinces of Hakkâri, Siirt, Van, Mardin, Bitlis, Sanlıurfa, Elaziğ and Diyarbakır.[6] The Inspectorate Generals were dissolved in 1952 during the Government of the Democrat Party.[8] For foreign citizens, the entrance to the Siirt province was forbidden until 1965.[7]

Districts

Siirt province is divided into 7 districts (capital district in bold):

Notes

  1. ^ "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. ^ Watts, Nicole F. (2010). Activists in Office: Kurdish Politics and Protest in Turkey (Studies in Modernity and National Identity). Seattle: University of Washington Press. p. 167. ISBN 978-0-295-99050-7.
  3. ^ "T.C Siirt Valiliği". www.siirt.gov.tr. Retrieved 2020-03-25.
  4. ^ Üngör, Umut. "Young Turk social engineering : mass violence and the nation state in eastern Turkey, 1913- 1950" (PDF). University of Amsterdam. pp. 244–247. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  5. ^ Aydogan, Erdal. "Üçüncü Umumi Müfettişliği'nin Kurulması ve III. Umumî Müfettiş Tahsin Uzer'in Bazı Önemli Faaliyetleri". Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  6. ^ a b c Bayir, Derya (2016-04-22). Minorities and Nationalism in Turkish Law. Routledge. p. 139. ISBN 978-1-317-09579-8.
  7. ^ a b Jongerden, Joost (2007-01-01). The Settlement Issue in Turkey and the Kurds: An Analysis of Spatical Policies, Modernity and War. BRILL. p. 53. ISBN 978-90-04-15557-2.CS1 maint: date and year (link)
  8. ^ Bozarslan, Hamit (2008-04-17). Fleet, Kate; Faroqhi, Suraiya; Kasaba, Reşat; Kunt, I. Metin (eds.). The Cambridge History of Turkey. Cambridge University Press. p. 343. ISBN 978-0-521-62096-3.

External links