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Siege of Kandahar (1605–06)

Siege of Kandahar
Date1605–1606
Location
Result Mughal victory
Belligerents
Safavid Flag.svg Safavid Empire Alam of the Mughal Empire.svgMughal Empire
Commanders and leaders
Hosayn Khan Šāh Beg Khan
Strength
50,000 Appx

The Siege of Kandahar lasted from November 1605 to January 1606 is a siege led by Safavids to take the Mughal frontier city of Kandahar. After two months of constant assaults, the relief army forced the Persians to retreat. Thus, resulted in a decisive victory for the Mughal Empire.

Background

The Mughals had obtained the city of Kandahar in 1595, after the Mughal army advanced to the city's governor, Moẓaffar-Ḥosayn Mirzā, and negotiated with him a surrender.[1] The Safavid ruler, Shah Abbas, was shocked by the loss of the important fortress but as main Iranian concerns lay with the equally powerful Ottomans at their westernmost territories, he abstained from military action, preferring to negotiate a settlement.

Battle

When Emperor Akbar died on October 27, 1605, the Safavid governor of Herat, Hosayn Khan, moved to recapture the city on behalf of the Safavids while the Mughals were distracted from other matters.[1] The city, defended by governor Šāh Beg Khan, held out the Safavid siege until the next year when the new Emperor, Jahangir, sent an army that lifted the siege.

Aftermath

Abbas repudiated Hosayn's actions in a letter to Jahangir, and both sides reestablished normal relations,[1] though Kandahar would remain a controversial affair between both parties.[1]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Iranica 2011

Sources

  • "KANDAHAR iv. From The Mongol Invasion Through the Safavid Era". Encyclopædia Iranica. Retrieved 13 October 2011.