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Siderno Group

The Siderno Group is a criminal association in Canada and Australia related to the 'Ndrangheta, a Mafia-type organisation in Calabria. The association is labelled the "Siderno Group" because its members primarily came from the town of Siderno on the Ionian coast in Calabria and migrated to Canada and Australia in the 1950s.[1][2]

Characteristics

The Siderno crime group operates throughout Canada, the United States, Australia and Europe and is composed of a group of families who are related by blood or marriage. Siderno is home to one of the 'Ndrangheta's biggest and most important clans, the Commisso 'ndrina, involved in the global cocaine business and money laundering.[3] According to the Siderno police force, "The criminal minds of Siderno are in Canada." One of them, Antonio Commisso, was arrested in June 2005 in Woodbridge, Ontario.[1]

The group has moved narcotics over three continents. They had contacts in Bolivia, Venezuela, Brazil, Chile and Peru, and had permanent representation in Colombia for drugs and in Costa Rica and Panama for money laundering. Its key man in Colombia, Roberto Pannunzi, was arrested in Medellin, Colombia in 1994. In the past, he had been in charge of heroin shipments from Turkey through Italy to the United States.[4]

Canada

In Canada, in particular in the Greater Toronto Area, a branch of the Siderno Group has been active since the 1950s.[5] As a May 2018 news report explains, "Siderno’s Old World ’Ndrangheta boss sent acolytes to populate the New World" including Michele (Mike) Racco who settled in Toronto in 1952, followed by other mob families. According to investigators in Italy, by 2010, Toronto’s ’Ndrangheta had climbed "to the top of the criminal world" with an "an unbreakable umbilical cord" to Calabria. The report stated that there were seven senior ’Ndrangheta bosses in the Greater Toronto Area, some on the Camera di Controllo, the "board of directors".[6]

The Toronto-area Siderno group has included the Coluccio, Tavernese, DeMaria, Figliomeni, Ruso, and Commisso crime families; Carmine Verduci was also linked with the 'Ndrangheta group.[7] Leaders are both based in Calabria and Ontario.[8] The group was built up by Michele Racco, urged by Antonio Macrì, the undisputed boss of Siderno until he was killed in January 1975. Michele Racco died of cancer in January 1980.[2][9]

After Michele Racco's death, his son Domenic Racco filled his void. In January 1983, Anthony Musitano of the Hamilton-based Musitano crime family was sentenced to 15 years in prison for bombing a number of businesses in Hamilton, including bakeries. While in prison, he orchestrated the murder of Domenic Racco, who violated their cocaine trade agreement by dealing behind Musitano's back, and also owed the Musitano family as much as $500,000.[10] Tony Musitano befriended inmate Billy Rankin at Millhaven Institution in Kingston who was due to be released in December that year.[10] Giuseppe Avignone, nephew of Tony and Domenic Musitano, often visited Tony in prison to discuss details of the plot, which were secretly recorded by the police.[10] Rankin was released on December 7, and given "the okay" by Domenic Musitano. On the night of December 10, 1983, Racco got into a car in front of his Mississauga apartment with Rankin, Domenic Musitano and Peter Majeste, thinking it was to discuss potential drug trade – the night he was taken to a railway track and killed.[10] In March 1984, Domenic and Tony Musitano, Avignone and Rankin were arrested. Domenic Musitano received six years for being an accessory after the fact to murder. Anthony Musitano, already in prison on the bombing charges, was sentenced to 12 years concurrently, Avignone got five years and Rankin was sentenced to 12 years, all three pleading guilty to conspiracy to commit murder.[10]

The Siderno mob in Southern Ontario was at the centre of a criminal business such as drug trafficking, cigarette smuggling, extortion, and gambling. The organisation managed to gain high levels of income from these activities in Canada, but the affiliated persons used to maintain tight links with the small and poor town of Siderno. In fact the organisation of the group was controlled from Siderno or in accordance with clans based there.[2]

Giuseppe Coluccio, a member of the Coluccio clan, was arrested on August 7, 2008, outside a strip mall in Markham, Ontario, north of Toronto. He had been hiding in Canada for nearly three years under a false identity and was wanted for drug related offences, charges of Mafia association and extortion.[11][12] He was extradited from Canada to Italy on August 19, 2008,[13] and incarcerated under the strict Article 41-bis prison regime.[14] Also from the Greater Toronto Area, Giuseppe's brother Antonio Coluccio (who had used the alias Giuseppe Scarfo in Canada) was one of 29 people named in arrest warrants in Italy in September 2014. Police said they were part of the Commisso 'ndrina ('Ndrangheta) crime family in Siderno. In July 2018, Coluccio was sentenced to 30 years in prison for corruption. His two brothers, Giuseppe and Salvatore, were already in prison in Italy on Mafia-related convictions.[15]

Cosimo Stalteri, considered to be a boss of one of 10 'Ndrangheta clans in Ontario, based in Toronto, Hamilton, Ottawa and London, and on the Camera di Controllo, died in 2011 of natural causes in Toronto at the age of 86. A retired Woodbridge businessman he was credited with helping take the Calabrian Mafia in Toronto from a poor group of immigrants to a powerful criminal organization.[16] Rocco Remo Commisso, brother of Cosimo Commisso, has also been named as high-ranking in Canadian police reports.[17][18]

In June 2018, Cosimo Ernesto Commisso, of Woodbridge, Ontario and an unrelated woman were shot and killed. According to sources contacted by the Toronto Star, "Commisso was related to Cosimo "The Quail" Commisso of Siderno, Italy, who has had relations in Ontario, is considered by police to be a "'Ndrangheta organized crime boss".[19] The National Post reported that Cosimo Ernesto Commisso, while not a known criminal, "shares a name and family ties with a man who has for decades been reputed to be a Mafia leader in the Toronto area".[20] The cousin of "The Quail", Antonio Commisso, was on the list of most wanted fugitives in Italy until his capture on June 28, 2005, in Woodbridge.[21]

Australia

The Australian version of the Siderno Group was involved in drug and arms trafficking. In the Australian case too, businesses were carried out in very tight relation with the Siderno families or families coming from the surroundings of the town.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b Why Italy's scariest Mob loves Canada Archived 2013-01-04 at Archive.is, National Post, November 24, 2007
  2. ^ a b c d Myths, Legends, and Affiliation Practice s in the Italian Mafioso Imagery: the Local Dimension of Power of a Global Phenomenon by Ercole Giap Parini , paper prepared for the European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR) at the Conference in Marburg, 2003
  3. ^ (in Italian) Gratteri & Nicaso, Fratelli di Sangue, p. 133
  4. ^ Cooperation Between Organized Crime Groups Around The World, by Alison Jamieson, Jahrbuch für internationale Sicherheitspolitik 1999, December 1999 ISBN 3-8132-0599-1
  5. ^ "Organized Crime in Canada: A Quarterly Summary". Nathanson Society. June 2005. Archived from the original on 30 March 2007. Retrieved 7 April 2007.
  6. ^ "WHEN COPS CAN'T CONVICT A 'TOP MAFIA BOSS,' THEY TURN TO DESPERATE MEASURES". nationalpost.com. 1 May 2018.
  7. ^ "Carmine Verduci — the man who exposed Mafia's 'Canadian cell' — was gunned down near Toronto yesterday". 25 April 2014.
  8. ^ Man ordered deported over alleged mob ties, National Post, April 8, 2010
  9. ^ Schneider, Iced: The Story of Organized Crime in Canada, pp. 311-14
  10. ^ a b c d e "Chapter 2 – Settling scores". thespec.com. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
  11. ^ Life of luxury on hold[permanent dead link], National Post, August 16, 2008
  12. ^ RCMP nab suspected Mafia kingpin Archived 2012-11-04 at the Wayback Machine., Canwest News Service, August 8, 2008
  13. ^ Suspected mob boss extradited to Italy[permanent dead link], Canwest News Service, August 21, 2008
  14. ^ (in Italian) L'arresto di Coluccio a Toronto una svolta nell'inchiesta, Le Repubblica, September 17, 2008
  15. ^ Peter Edwards (18 July 2018). "Former GTA resident convicted of Mafia charges in Italy". Toronto Star.
  16. ^ Calabrian Mafia boss earned mob’s respect, The National Post, February 14, 2011
  17. ^ "Drug-smuggling mobsters used retired police dogs to help secure cargo, court hears". thestar.com.
  18. ^ "Alleged Toronto-area Mafia leaders named as suspects in massive Italian crime probe". nationalpost.com. 30 September 2015.
  19. ^ "Man killed in Woodbridge shooting had family ties to organized crime - The Star".
  20. ^ "'The less you know the better it is': Mob links in murder of man, woman on quiet Woodbridge street". 29 June 2018.
  21. ^ Back to the 'wolves', National Post July 30, 2005