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|• Official||Gujarati, Hindi|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Siddhpur, also spelled Sidhpur is a town and a municipality in Patan district in the Indian state of Gujarat. It is a historical place located on the bank of Sarasvati River. Siddhpur is the headquarters of Siddhpur taluka.
Siddhpur was historically known as Sristhal, literally "a pious place".
The bard sings of it,
Tirath bhumipavan Siddhakshetra subhasar,
Nirmal nir vahe Sarasvati sada mokshko dwar, ... —
"A Tirtha, a place to make holy, is the good Siddha Kshetra,
Where flows Sarasvati's pure stream — ever beatitude's door.
A city three worlds to purify, by Siddhs ever worshipped,
Gods, Rishis, and men cherish the desire to live there.
And there dwell devas unnumbered, as a tirtha regarding it, —
Of Kasi, Gaya, Godavari, and all other tirthas, the best ;
Where Kardam and Dehuti lived, and Kapila was born.
Here is Bindusarovar's pure fount, and Matrugaya;
Applied to the bodies of men degraded and fallen, it washes their myriads of sins.
Here is Prachi Mahadev, whose renown by Veda and Purana is sung:
Of all Tirthas, the essence — it is named Kapilashram."
In tenth century (943 AD), Mularaja, the founder of Chaulukya dynasty, started constructing the Rudra Mahalaya Temple. On completion of the temple, around 1140 AD, Jayasimha Siddharaja consecrated it and established the town as his capital. He changed its name to Siddhpur, literally Siddhraj's town. The temple was dismantled by an army under Almas Beg (Ulugh Khan) and Nusrat Khan sent by Alauddin Khalji in 1298-99.
During the Gujarat Sultanate, the town was under the rule of local dynasty ruling from Palanpur. In the 15th century, the town was brought under the Mughal rule by Akbar. Under the Mughal rule the town developed and flourished.
The climate of Siddhpur is continental. The summer season is hot and dry, with temperature in the range of 40°. While in winter it is pleasant with temperatures in 20°. The average annual rainfall is 40-50 inches.
At the 2001 census of India, Siddhpur had a population of 53,581, of which 52% were male and 48% female. Siddhpur had an average literacy rate of 71%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy was 77%, and female literacy was 64%. In Siddhpur, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Sidhpur has two protected monument under Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) namely: Ruins of Rudra Mahalaya Temple and the Jami Masjid. The city is also known for his havelis in hacienda architecture largely belonging to Dawoodi Bohra community and spread over 18 mohallas or neighbourhoods.
Muktidham (mortuary) called the place where humans left the world leaving their family behind. This place is famous for the holy funeral process of the human body after death. People from about 85 villages in Siddhpur taluka come for the funeral process after anybody died in their village. This is the "gandharv smashan". In India, Gandharva Smashan like Ujjain, Kashi, Prayag, Siddhpur you can watch the live Agni Sanskar from the muktidham. The trusty of muktidham had implemented this Idea in co-operation with the Muktidham trust.
It is said that to muktidham people from various towns and places come and it is said that if we want MUKTI then you should come here after death.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Burgess; Murray (1874). "The Rudra Mala at Siddhpur". Photographs of Architecture and Scenery in Gujarat and Rajputana. Bourne and Shepherd. p. 19. Retrieved 23 July 2016.