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County-level city
Shishou is located in Hubei
Location in Hubei
Coordinates: 29°43′N 112°24′E / 29.717°N 112.400°E / 29.717; 112.400
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hubei
Prefecture-level city Jingzhou
 • Total 630,000
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)

Shishou ([ʂɨ̌.ʂòu]; Chinese: 石首) is a county-level city under the administration of the prefectural-level city Jingzhou, in the south of Hubei province, China, near its border with Hunan province. Located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and on the shores of Dongting Lake, Shishou is known as a land overflowing with rice and fish. The Swan Islet Wetland of the Yangtze River in this area is the world’s largest national natural reserve both for wild elks(Milu, or David Deer) and for Chinese river dolphins (finless porpoises). The Shishou City National Baiji Reserve for Chinese river dolphins is nearby. It shares its name with a stream flowing into the Yangtze River. In addition, the area enjoys convenient transportation, with an hour’s drive from Yueyang East Railway Station on the Beijing-Guangzhou high-speed railway line (90 kilometers of expressway), and 70 kilometers from Jingzhou Railway Station on the Shanghai-Wuhan-Chengdu high-speed railway line. Moreover, Shishou boasts a diversified landscape, including mountains, hills, lakes, rivers, terraces and plains, as well as abundant resources such as rice, cotton, oil plants, eggs, fish, and lotus roots.


Shishou is in a subtropical monsoon climate zone with an abundant amount of light and heat energy and a long frost-free period. The city receives 1800–2000 hours of sunshine annually, with an annual average temperature of 15.9-16.6 ℃, 10 ℃ or higher accumulated temperature annually, an annual frost-free period of 242–263 days, and an average annual precipitation between 1100mm and 1300 mm. The climatic resources are sufficient for a large variety of crops to grow. Because of the climatic condition of hydro-thermal synchronization during agricultural production seasons, Shishou provides the optimal climate to grow a variety of crops between April and October (80% of the annual precipitation, 75% of annual solar radiation, and 80% of annual accumulated temperature that is greater than 10 ℃). The climate is particularly complex in the vicinity of 30 degrees north latitude. Situated far in the Inland, Shishou's climate is minimally affected by the sea, which contributes to its typical continental climate.


The city of Shishou has direct jurisdiction over 2 districts, 11 counties, and 1 village:

Subdivision Simplified Chinese Pinyin Pop.

(2010 Census)

Area (km²) Village Committees
City Proper
Xiulin District 绣林街道 Xiùlín Jiē Dào 70587 35.9 4
Bijiashan District 笔架山街道 Bǐjiàshān Jiē Dào 70068 56 11
Suburban and rural
Xinchang Town 新厂镇 Xīncháng Zhèn 43314 94.6 19
Henggoushi Town 横沟市镇 Hénggōushì Zhèn 38521 82 18
Xiaohekou Town 小河口镇 Xiǎohékǒu Zhèn 38401 226.5 23
Taohuashan Town 桃花山镇 Táohuāshān Zhèn 21979 99.8 17
Diaoguan Town 调关镇 Diàoguān Zhèn 45189 107.9 21
Dongsheng Town 东升镇 Dōngshēng Zhèn 62620 173.1 33
Gaojimiao Town 高基庙镇 Gāojīmiào Zhèn 45562 76 21
Nankou Town 南口镇 Nánkǒu Zhèn 30388 97.4 17
Gaoling Town 高陵镇 Gāolíng Zhèn 35036 82 24
Tuanshansi Town 团山寺镇 Tuánshān Zhèn 31329 67 18
Dayuan Town 大垸镇 Dàyuàn Zhèn 52788 146 25
Jiuhehuan Village 久合垸乡 Jiǔhéyuàn Xiāng 25312 54 17
Tian'e Island 天鹅洲 Tiān'é Zhōu 17 77.5 6

2009 Shishou incident

In June 2009, Shishou was rocked by violent protest after a man, Tu Yuangao, was found dead, supposedly due to suicide, outside the Yonglong hotel. The hotel is owned by a relative of Shishou's mayor.[1] Tu, 24, was the hotel's chef.[2] Fearing a cover-up, Tu's family refused to accept that his death was a suicide, and guarded his body while awaiting investigation. When police tried to forcefully remove Tu's body, local residents joined Tu's family, blocking the hotel entrance from the police. On June 19 a large number of local residents guarded the hotel, fighting with the police, including armed police. Confrontations between the police and residents continued outside the hotel, and on June 20, the municipal government began cutting internet connections in Shishou. On June 21, the police managed to break through the crowd and took Tu's corpse to a crematorium, apparently without giving the family the investigation it had requested.[2]


  1. ^ "City in central China rocked by violent riots: residents," Agence France-Presse, June 20, 2009.
  2. ^ a b Oiwan Lam, "China: Mass incident sparked by a dead body," Global Voices Online, June 21, 2009.

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