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Shiraz rug

Traditional skills of carpet weaving in Fars
Country Iran
Reference 382
Region Asia and Australasia
Inscription history
Inscription 2010

A Shiraz carpet (Persian: قالی شیراز‎) is a type of Persian rug made in the villages around the city of Shiraz, in the Iranian province of Fars. The designs tend to come from settled tribal weavers so they mimic Qashqai, Khamseh (Basseri and Khamseh Arabs), Afshar, Abadeh and Luri designs. Since the weavers are using fixed looms the rugs tend to be larger and often coarser than their tribal counterparts. Shiraz rugs are not often very finely knotted, with both Qashqai and Abadeh both having a finer knot. Shiraz utilizes the Persian (asymmetrical) knot.

A rug by Basseri tribe

Shiraz is a city in the south west region of Iran, sited practically upon the old Persian Persepolis. Shiraz rugs are not usually made in a large factory, with the majority of them being woven by home weavers and taken into the main bazaar to be sold, most often, to traders who will group a sizeable range of these rugs and sell them to smaller traders or export them.

The rugs of Basseri tribe ,one of the persian tribes of Fars province, is famous by its colorful designs.Orange is the specific color of Basseri rugs.[1]


The design is geometric, sometimes featuring a pole medallion in the centre. Shiraz carpets use red and brown colors and often use diamond-shaped lozenges as the primary motif.

Borders often have smaller bands around a larger band with palm and pine leaf designs.

Some pieces feature Cyrus' white horse and the Shiraz is the only rug to depict nightingales which come in the form of angular shaped birds that are said to symbolise contentment and happiness. [2]


  1. ^ "Basseri tribe history". Marvdashtnama (Persian). Retrieved Oct 11, 2015. 
  2. ^ Oriental rugs: a complete guide - Charles W. Jacobsen, C. E. Tuttle Co. 1962

External links