|Part of a series on|
|Part of a series on|
The Shakti Peetha (Sanskrit: शक्ति पीठ, Śakti Pīṭha, seat of Shakti) are significant shrines and pilgrimage destinations in Shaktism, the goddess-focused Hindu tradition. There are 51 or 108 Shakti peethas by various accounts, of which between 4 and 18 are named as Maha (major) in medieval Hindu texts.
The legends behind the Shakti Peethas is based on the story of the death of the goddess Sati. Out of grief and sorrow, Shiva carried Sati's body, reminiscing about their moments as a couple, and roamed around the universe with it. Vishnu had cut her body into 51 body parts, using his Sudarshana Chakra, which fell on Earth to become sacred sites where all the people can pay homage to the Goddess. To complete this massively long task, Lord Shiva took the form of Bhairava.
The only exceptional Shakti Peethas is the Vindhyavasini Shakti Peetha.As it is believed that the Shaktipeeths were created on earth, where the body parts of Sati fell.But this is the place where Devi chose to reside after her birth in Dwapar Yuga as the sister of Krishna.
Lord Brahma performed a yajna (Vedic ritual of fire sacrifice) to please Shakti and Shiva. Goddess Shakti emerged, separating from Shiva and helped Brahma in the creation of the universe. Brahma decided to give Shakti back to Shiva. Therefore, his son Daksha performed several yagnas to obtain Shakti as his daughter in the form of Sati. It was then decided that Sati was brought into this world with the motive of marrying Shiva.
However, due to Lord Shiva's curse to Brahma that his fifth head was cut off due to his lie in front of Shiva, Daksha started hating Lord Shiva and decided not to let Lord Shiva and Sati get married.
However, Sati got attracted to Shiva and finally one day Shiva and Sati were married. This marriage only increased Daksha's hatred towards Lord Shiva.
Daksha performed a yagna with a desire to take revenge on Lord Shiva. Daksha invited all the deities to the yajna except Lord Shiva and Sati. The fact that she was not invited did not deter Sati from attending the yagna. She expressed her desire to attend the yagna to Shiva, who tried his best to dissuade her from going. Shiva eventually relented and Sati went to the yagna. Sati, being an uninvited guest, was not given any respect at the yagna. Furthermore, Daksha insulted Shiva. Sati was unable to bear her father's insults toward her husband, so she self-immolated.
Enraged at the death and insult of his spouse, Shiva in his Virabhadra avatar destroyed Daksha's yagna, cut off Daksha's head, but later replaced it with that of a male goat as he restored him to life.Virabhadra didn't stop fighting; he kept raging with anger. Gods prayed to lord Vishnu. He came there and started fighting him. Still immersed in grief, Shiva picked up the remains of Sati's body, and performed the Tandava, the celestial dance of destruction, across all creation. The other Gods requested Vishnu to intervene to stop this destruction, towards which Vishnu used the Sudarshana Chakra, which cut through Sati's corpse. The various parts of the body fell at several spots all through the Indian subcontinent and formed sites which are known as Shakti Peethas today.
At all the Shakti Peethas, the Goddess Shakti is accompanied by her consort, Lord Bhairava (a manifestation of Lord Shiva).
The Vindhyavasini Shakti Peetha is a Shakti Peetha, despite the fact that any body parts If Sati did not fell there.This is because it is the place where Devi chose to reside after her birth in Dwapar Yuga.
At the time of birth of Lord Krishna to Devaki and Vasudeva, the Yogamaya(Devi) took birth in Gokul to Nanda Baba and Yashoda as per instruction of Lord Vishnu.The Vasudeva replaced his son Krishna with this girl child of Yashoda. When Kamsa tried to kill the girl she slipped from his hands and assumed the form of Mahadevi Adishakti. Thereafter Devi chose Vindhya Mountains as her abode to live on the earth.
The history of Daksha yajna and Sati's self-immolation had immense significance in shaping the ancient Sanskrit literature and even influenced the culture of India. It led to the development of the concept of Shakti Peethas and thereby strengthened Shaktism. Enormous numbers of stories in the Puranas and other Hindu religious books took the Daksha yagna as the reason for their origin. It is an important incident in Shaivism, resulting in the emergence of Parvati in the place of Sati Devi and making Shiva a grihastashrami (house holder), leading to the origin of Ganesha and Kartikeya.
Shakti Peethas are shrines or divine places of the Mother Goddess. These are places that are believed to have been blessed with the presence of Shakti due to the falling of body parts of the corpse of Sati Devi, when Lord Shiva carried it and wandered throughout Aryavartha in sorrow. There are 51 Shakti Peeth linking to the 51 alphabets in Sanskrit. Each temple has shrines for Shakti and Kalabhairava, and most Shakti and Kalabhairava in different Shakti Peeth have different names.
Some of the great religious texts like the Shiva Purana, the Devi Bhagavata, the Kalika Purana, the AstaShakti, and Pithanirnaya Tantra recognize four major Shakti Peethas (centers): Bimala Temple (Pada Khanda) inside the Jagannath Temple of Puri, Odisha; Tara Tarini (Sthana Khanda, Purnagiri, Breasts), near Berhampur, Odisha; Kamakhya Temple (Yoni Khanda), in Guwahati, Assam; and Dakshina Kalika (Mukha Khanda) in Kolkata, West Bengal, all originating from the parts of the corpse of Mata Sati in the Satya Yuga.
The Ashtashakti and Kalika Purana says (in Sanskrit):
Further explaining the importance of these four Pithas, the "Brihat Samhita" also gives the location of these Pithas as (in Sanskrit)
In the listings below:
|Temple||City/Town||State in India/Country||Body Part||Image|
|Kamakhya Temple||Guwahati||Assam||yoni (genitals)|
|Kalighat Kali Temple||Kolkata||West Bengal||daahina padangushtha
Apart from these 4 there are 48 other famous Peethas recognized by religious texts. According to the Pithanirnaya Tantra the 51 peethas are scattered all over present day countries of India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, China, Bhutan and Pakistan. The Shivacharita besides listing 51 maha-peethas, speaks about 26 more upa-peethas. The Bengali almanac, Vishuddha Siddhanta Panjika too describes the 51 peethas including the present modified addresses. A few of the several accepted listings are given below. One of the few in South India, Srisailam in Andhra Pradesh became the site for a 2nd-century temple.
In the listings below:
The details of this is available in the text "TANTHRACHOODAMANI" where Parvathi tells these details to her son Skanda.
|Sr. No.||Place||State in India/Country||Body Part or Ornament||Shakti||Bhairava||Image|
|1||A.Amarnath Temple, from Srinagar through Pahalgam 94 km by Bus, Chandanwari 16 km by walk
B. Shri Parvat in Ladakh
|Jammu and Kashmir||A. Throat
|2||At a village also named as Attahas or Ashtahas around 2 km east of Labhpur village road in the district of Birbhum||West Bengal||Lips||Phullara||Vishvesh|
|3||Bahula at Ketugram, 8 km from Katwa, Purba Bardhaman||West Bengal||Left arm||Goddess Bahula||Bhiruk|
|4||Bakreshwar, on the banks of Paaphara river, 24 km distance from Siuri Town [a district headquarter], district Birbhum, 7 km from Dubrajpur Rly. Station||West Bengal||Portion between the eyebrows||Mahishmardini||Vakranath|
|5||Bhairavparvat, at Bhairav hills on the banks of Shipra river in the city of Ujjaini. These Shaktpeeth known as Harsiddi temple.||Madhya Pradesh||Elbow||Avanti||Lambkarna|
|6||Bhabanipur, located in the Upazila of Sherpur, Bogra, Rajshahi Division. Also located at Karatoyatat, it is about 28 km distance from the town of Sherpur.||Bangladesh||Left anklet (ornament)||Aparna||Vaman|
|7||Biraja Temple at Jajpur, in Jajpur District||Odisha||Navel||Biraja||Varaha (Baraha)|
|8||Chhinnamastika Shaktipeeth at Chintpurni, in Una District of Himachal Pradesh||Himachal Pradesh||Foot||Chhinnamastika||Rudra Mahadev|
|9||Muktinath Temple||Nepal||Right Cheek||Gandaki Chandi||Chakrapani|
|10||Goddess Bhadrakali on banks of Godavari in Nashik city (Saptashrungi)||Maharashtra||Chin (2 parts)||Bhramari||Vikritaksh|
|11||Hinglaj||Pakistan||Bramharandhra (Part of the head)||Kottari||Bhimlochan|
|12||Jayanti at Nartiang village in the Jaintia Hills district. This Shakti Peetha is locally known as the Nartiang Durga Temple.||Meghalaya||Left thigh||Jayanti||Kramadishwar|
|13||Jeshoreshwari Kali Temple||Bangladesh||Palms of hands and soles of the feet||Jashoreshwari||Chanda|
|14||Jwalaji, Kangra from Pathankot alight at Jwalamukhi Road Station from there 20 km||Himachal Pradesh||Tongue||Siddhida (Ambika)||Unmatta Bhairav|
|15||Kalipeeth, (Kalighat, Kolkata)||West Bengal||Right Toes||Kalika||Nakuleshwar|
|16||Kamgiri, Kamakhya, in the Neelachal hills in Guwahati||Assam||Genitals||Kamakhya||Umananda or Bhayaanand|
|17||Kankalitala, on the banks of Kopai River 10 km north-east of Bolpur station in Birbhum district, Devi locally known as Kankaleshwari||West Bengal||Pelvis||Devgarbha||Ruru|
|18||Kanyashram of Balaambika – The Bhagavathy temple in Kanyakumari, the southernmost tip of mainland India, Tamil Nadu (also thought to be situated in Yunnan province, China)||Tamil Nadu||Back||Sarvani||Nimish|
|19||Karnat, Brajeshwari Devi, Kangra||Himachal Pradesh||left Breast||Jayadurga||Abhiru|
|20||Kiriteswari Temple at Kiritkona village, 3 km from Lalbag Court Road station under district Murshidabad||West Bengal||Crown||Vimla||Sanwart|
|21||Ratnavali, on the banks of Ratnakar river at Khanakul I Krishnanagar, district Hooghly (locally known as Anandamayee Tala)||West Bengal||Right Shoulder||Kumari||Ghanteshwar|
|22||'A.Locally known as Bhramari Devi in Jalpaiguri near a small village Boda on the bank of river Teesta or Tri-shrota (combination of three flows) mentioned in Puranas
B.Ma Malai Chandi Temple at Amta, Howrah
|West Bengal||A. Left leg
B. Part of Left Knee
|23||Manas, under Tibet at the foot of Mount Kailash in Lake Manasarovar, a piece of Stone||China||Right hand||Dakshayani||Amar|
|24||Manibandh, at Gayatri hills near Pushkar 11 km north-west of Ajmer. People know this temple as Chamunda Mata Temple or Shri Raj Rajeshwari Puruhuta Manivedic Shaktipeeth.||Rajasthan||Wrists||Gayatri||Sarvanand|
|25||Mithila, near Janakpur railway station on the border of India and Nepal||Nepal||Left shoulder||Uma||Mahodar|
|26||Nainativu (Manipallavam), Northern Province, Sri Lanka. Located 36 km from the ancient capital of the Jaffna kingdom, Nallur. The murti of the Goddess is believed to have been consecrated and worshipped by Lord Indra. The protagonist, Lord Rama and antagonist, Ravana of the Sanskrit epic Ramayana have offered obeisances to the Goddess. Nāga and Garuda of the Sanskrit epic Mahabharata; resolved their longstanding feuds after worshipping this Goddess.||Sri Lanka||Silambu (Anklets)||Indrakshi (Nagapooshani / Bhuvaneswari)||Rakshaseshwar (Nayanair)|
|27||Guhyeshwari Temple||Nepal||Both Knees||Mahashira||Kapali|
|28||Chandranath Temple||Bangladesh||Right arm||Bhawani||Chandrashekhar|
|29||Panchsagar Near Lohaghat (in Champawat District of Uttarakhand) just 12 km from nearest railway station Tanakpur. पूर्णागिरी / DeviDhura Champawat Varahi Devi||Uttarakhand||Lower teeth/ Navel||Varahi||Maharudra|
|30||Prabhas, 4 km from Veraval station near Somnath temple in Junagadh district. Local People call this temple as Kali Mandir, It is nearby Triveni Sangam.||Gujarat||Stomach||Chandrabhaga||Vakratund|
|31||Alopi Devi Mandir near Sangam at Prayagraj||Uttar Pradesh||Finger||Lalita||Bhava|
|32||Present day Kurukshetra town or Thanesar ancient Sthaneshwar||Haryana||Ankle bone||Savitri/BhadraKali||Sthanu|
|33||Sharda Peeth on top Trikoot Hill, at Maihar||Madhya Pradesh||necklace||Shivani||Chanda|
|34||Nandikeshwari Temple is located in Sainthia city.||West Bengal||Necklace||Nandini||Nandikeshwar|
|35||Kotilingeswar Ghat temple on the banks of Godavari river near Rajamundry||Andhra Pradesh||Cheeks||Rakini or Vishweshwari||Vatsnabh or Dandpani|
|36||Naina Devi Temple||Himachal Pradesh||Right Eye||Mahishmardini||Krodhish|
|37||Shondesh, at the source point of Narmada River in Amarkantak||Madhya Pradesh||Right buttock||Narmada||Bhadrasen|
|38||Sri Sailam, at Nallamalai hills, Andhra Pradesh||Andhra Pradesh, India||Neck||Mahalaxmi||Sambaranand|
|39||Shuchi, in a Shiva temple at Suchindrum 11 km on Kanyakumari Trivandrum road||Tamil Nadu||Upper teeth||Narayani||Sanhar|
|40||Sugandha, situated in Shikarpur, Gournadi, about 20 km from Barisal town, on the banks of Sonda river.||Bangladesh||Nose||Sugandha||Trayambak|
|41||Udaipur, Tripura, at the top of the hills known as Tripura Sundari temple near Radhakishorepur village, a little distance away from Udaipur town||Tripura||Right leg||Tripura Sundari||Tripuresh|
|42||Ujaani, at Mangalkot 16 km from Guskara station in Purba Bardhaman district||West Bengal||Right wrist||Mangal Chandika||Kapilambar|
|43||Varanasi at Manikarnika Ghat on banks of the Ganges at Kashi||Uttar Pradesh||Face or Earring||Vishalakshi & Manikarni||Kaal bhairav|
|44||Vibhash, at Tamluk under district Purba Medinipur||West Bengal||Left ankle||Kapalini (Bhimarupa) also known as Bargabheema
|45||virat nagar district alwar, near Bharatpur, India,||Rajasthan||Fingers of Left Leg||Ambika||Amritaksha|
|46||Vrindavan, near new bus stand on Bhuteshwar road within Bhuteshwar Mahadev Temple, Katyayanipeeth.||Uttar Pradesh||Ringlets of hair||Uma||Bhutesh|
|47||Jalandhar, from Jalandhar Cantonment Station to Devi Talab.||Punjab||Left Breast||Tripurmalini||Bhishan|
|48||Baidyanath Dham||Jharkhand||Heart||Jaya Durga||Baidyanath|
|49||[Adhi Kamakshi Amman Temple behind Kamakshi Amman Temple]||Tamil Nadu||Odyanam(Navel)||Kamakshi|
|50||Jogadya (যোগাদ্যা), at Kshirgram (ক্ষীরগ্রাম) near Kaichar under Burdwan district||West Bengal||Great Toe||Jogadya (যোগাদ্যা)||Ksheer Kantak (ক্ষীর কন্টক)|
|51||Pithapuram under Kakinada Port Town||Andhra Pradesh||Hip Part||Purohotika|
|52||Ambaji at Anart||Gujarat||Heart||Amba||Batuk Bhairav|
|53||Jwaladevi Temple, Shaktinagar, Sonbhadra||Uttar Pradesh||Tongue||Jwala Devi|
|54||Chandika Sthan, near Munger town||Bihar||Left Eye||Chandika Devi|
|55||Danteshwari Temple, Dantewada||Chhattisgarh||Tooth or daant||Danteshwari devi||Kapalbhairav|
|56||Juranpur, Nadia||West Bengal|
|57||Tara Tarini, Berhampur, Ganjam||Odisha||Breast/Sthan||Maa Taratarini||Tumbeswar|
|58||Nalhateswari, Nalhati||West Bengal||Stomach/Nauli||Kalika||Jogesh|
|59||Mankachar, 266 km from Guwahati||Assam||Little finger||Devi|
|60||Vimala Temple, Inside Jagannath Temple, Puri||Odisha||Foot||Devi|
First relating to Brahmanda Purana, one of the major eighteen Puranas, it mentions 64 Shakti Peetha of Goddess Parvati in the Bharat or Greater India including present-day India, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, some parts of Southern Tibet in China and parts of southern Pakistan. Another text which gives a listing of these shrines, is the Shakti Peetha Stotram, written by Adi Shankara, the 9th-century Hindu philosopher.
According to the manuscript Mahapithapurana (c. 1690 – 1720 CE), there are 52 such places. Among them, 23 are located in the Bengal region, 14 of these are located in what is now West Bengal, India, 1 in Baster (Chhattisgarh), while 7 are in what is now Bangladesh.
Rishi Markandeya composed the 'Devi Saptashati' or the seven hundred hymns extolling the virtues of the Divine Goddess at the shaktipeetha in Nashik. The idol is also leaning a little to the left to listen to the sage's composition. The Saptashati or the "Durga Stuti" forms an integral part in the Vedic form of Shakti worship.
The third eye of Mata Sati fell below a tree in a mortuary in the Ishan corner of Vakreshwar. This is on the bank of the north-flowing Dwarka river in the east of Baidyanath. Here Mata Sati is called Chandi Bhagwai Ugra Tara and Bhairav is called Chandrachur. This Shaktipeeth is called Tarapith in Birbhum district West bengal, India.
The modern cities or towns that correspond to these 64 locations can be a matter of dispute, but there are a few that are totally unambiguous, these are mentioned in the Ashta Dasa Shakti Peetha Stotram by Manish Bhandari. This list contains 18 such locations which are often referred to as Most Popular Shakti Peeths.
|Sr. No.||Temple||Place||State in India/Country||Appellation||Part of the body fallen||Shakti||Image|
|1||Shankari Temple (part of the Koneswaram Temple)||Trincomalee||Triconmalee, SriLanka||Lankayam Shankari Peetham||Heart||Shankari|
|2||Kamakshi Amman Temple||Kanchi||Tamil Nadu||Kama koti peetam||Navel||Kamakshi Amman|
|3||Shrinkala||Pradmunyee (Pandua) Bengal||BavTharini Peetham||Stomach||Maa Shrinkala|
|4||Chamundeshwari Temple||Mysuru||Karnataka||Krounja Peetham||Hair||Maa Chamundeshwari|
|5||Jogulamba Devi||Alampur, Gadwal district||Telangana||Yogini Peetham||Teeth||Jogulamba Thalli (Yogamba)|
|6||Bhramaramba Mallikarjuna Temple||Srisailam,||Andhra Pradesh||Srisaila Peetham||Neck||Maa Bhramarambika|
|7||Mahalakshmi Temple, Kolhapur||Kolhapur||Maharashtra||Shri Peetham||Eyes||Aai Ambabai|
|8||Eka Veerika Temple||Mahur, Maharashtra||Maharashtra||Moola Peetham||Left Hand||Eka Veerika|
|9||Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga||Ujjain||Madhya Pradesh||Ujjaini Peetham||Tongue||Maa Kaali|
|10||Kukkuteswara Swamy Temple||Pithapuram||Andhra Pradesh||Pushkarini Peetham||Back||Maa Puruhutika|
|11||Biraja Temple||Jajpur||Odisha||Oddyana Peetham||Navel||Maa Biraja|
|12||part of Kumararama Bhimeswara Temple||Draksharamam||Andhra Pradesh||Draksharama Peetham||left cheek||Maa Manikyamba|
|13||Kamakhya Temple||Guwahati||Assam||Kamarupa Peetham||Genitals||Devi Kamakhya|
|14||Alopi Devi Mandir||Prayagraj||Uttar Pradesh||Prayaga Peetham||Fingers||Maa Madhaveswari|
|15.||Jwalamukhi Temple||Kangra||Himachal Pradesh||Jwalamukhi Peetham||Head||Maa Jwalamukhi|
|16.||Mangla Gauri Temple||Gaya||Bihar||Gaya Peetham||Breast||Maa Sarvamangala|
|17.||Vishalakshi Temple||Varanasi||Uttar Pradesh||Varanasi Peetham||Noses||Maa Vishalakshi|
|18.||Sharada Peeth||Sharda, Kashmir||Kashmir||Sharada Peetham||Right Hand||Maa Sharada Devi|
[*]Sharada Peeth: This temple is currently non-existent*. Only ruins are found in these places. Its ruins are near the Line of Control (LOC) between the Indian and Pakistani-controlled portions of the former princely state of Kashmir and Jammu. Instead, Sringeri Sharada Peetham, Sringeri in Karnataka even though not a Shakti Peetha, is this aspect of the goddess. Requests have been made by the Hindu community in Pakistan to the Pakistani government to renovate the temple, the issue being raised by former Indian Home minister L. K. Advani to the Pakistan authorities as a confidence-building measure, by increasing the people to people cross-border interaction.
Among these, the Shakti Peethas at Kamakhya, Gaya and Ujjain are regarded as the most sacred as they symbolise the three most important aspects of the Mother Goddess viz. Creation (Kamarupa Devi), Nourishment (Sarvamangala Devi/Mangalagauri) and Annihilation (Mahakali Devi).
लङ्कायाम् शांकरीदेवी कामाक्षी काञ्चिकापुरे।
प्रद्युम्ने शृङ्खला देवी चामुण्दा क्रौञ्चपट्टणे॥
अलम्पुरे जोगुलाम्ब श्रीशैले भ्रमराम्बिक।
उज्जयिन्याम् महाकाळी पीठिकायाम् पुरुहुतिका।
ओड्ढ्यायाम् गिरिजादेवी माणिक्या दक्षवाटिके॥
हरिक्षेत्रे कामरूपी प्रयागे माधवेश्वरी।
ज्वालायाम् वैष्णवीदेवी गयामाङ्गल्यगौरिके॥
वारणास्याम् विशालाक्षी काश्मीरेतु सरस्वती।
अष्ठादशैवपीठानि योनिनामप दुर्लभानिच॥
सायंकालं पठेन्नित्यम् सर्वरोगनिवारणम्।
सर्वपापहरम् दिव्यम् सर्वसम्पत्करम् शुभम्॥
laṅkāyām śāṃkarīdevī kāmākṣī kāñcikāpure।
pradyumne śṛṅkhalā devī cāmuṇdā krauñcapaṭṭaṇe॥
alampure jogulāmba śrīśaile bhramarāmbika।
ujjayinyām mahākāḻī pīṭhikāyām puruhutikā।
oḍḍhyāyām girijādevī māṇikyā dakṣavāṭike॥
harikṣetre kāmarūpī prayāge mādhaveśvarī।
jvālāyām vaiṣṇavīdevī gayāmāṅgalyagaurike॥
vāraṇāsyām viśālākṣī kāśmīretu sarasvatī।
aṣṭhādaśaivapīṭhāni yonināmapa durlabhānica॥
sāyaṃkālaṃ paṭhennityam sarvaroganivāraṇam।
sarvapāpaharam divyam sarvasampatkaram śubham॥
Goddess Shankari in Sri Lanka, Kamakshi in Kanchipuram Goddess Shrinkhala in Pradymna and Chamunda in Mysore
Goddess Jogulamba in Alampur, Goddess Brhamarambika in Sri Shailam Goddess Maha Lakshmi in Kolhapur and Goddess Eka Veera in Mahur
Goddess Maha Kali in Ujjain, Purhuthika in Peethika Goddess Girija in Odhyana and Manikya in the house of Daksha
Goddess Kama Rupi in the temple of Vishnu, Madhaveshwari in Prayagraj Goddess giving flame in Jwala Mukhi and Mangala Gowri in Gaya
Goddess Vishalakshi in Varanasi, Saraswati in Kashmir These are the 18 houses of Shakti, which are rare even to the Devas
When chanted every evening, all the enemies would get destroyed all the diseases would vanish, and prosperity would be showered.
The Kerala Hindus believes that the self immolation of the Sati happened in the Kottiyoor in Kannur district in Kerala.The annual Kottiyoor Vysakha Mahotsavam is conducted to commemorate the self immolation of Sati.The Kottiyoor Temple is located on the both banks of the Bavali river.