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Shōchū (era)

Shōchū (正中) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Genkō and before Karyaku. This period spanned the years from December 1324 to April 1326.[1] The reigning Emperor was Go-Daigo-tennō (後醍醐天皇).[2]

Change of era

  • 1324 Shōchū gannen (正中元年): The new era name was created to mark an event or series of events. The previous era ended and the new one commenced in Genkō 4.

Events of the Shōchū era

  • 1324 (Shōchū 1, 1st month): The nadaijin Saionji Kinsighe died at age 41.[3]
  • 1324 (Shōchū 1, 3rd month): The emperor visited the Iwashimizu Shrine.[3]
  • 1324 (Shōchū 1, 3rd month): The emperor visited the Kamo Shrines.[3]
  • 1324 (Shōchū 1, 5th month): Konoe Iehira died. He had been kampaku during the reign of Emperor Hanazono.[4]
  • 1324 (Shōchū 1, 6th month): The former-Emperor Go-Uda died at age 58.[4]
  • '1325 (Shōchū 2, 6th month): The former-shōgun, Prince Koreyasu, died at age 62.[4]
  • 1325 (Shōchū 2, 12th month): The former-kampaku, Ichijō Uchitsune, died at age 36.[4]
  • 1326 (Shōchū 3): Go-Diago's favorite, Empress Kishi, appeared to be pregnant, and the eager father-to-be visited her quarters daily; but this hope turned to regret when it turned out to be a false pregnancy.[5]


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Shōchū" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 877, p. 877, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File Archived 2012-05-24 at
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 278-281; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 239-241.
  3. ^ a b c Titsingh, p. 283.
  4. ^ a b c d Titsingh, p. 284.
  5. ^ Perkins, George. (1998). The Clear Mirror: A Chronicle of the Japanese Court during the Kamakura Period (1185-1333), pp. 183-184.


  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
  • Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
  • Varley, H. Paul. (1980). A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231049405; OCLC 6042764

External links

Preceded by
Era or nengō

Succeeded by