Sergio Panunzio was born on July 20, 1886, in Molfetta, Italy. He started his political involvement young by associating with syndicalist circles in 1902. From the University of Naples, he obtained two degrees, in jurisprudence in 1908 and in philosophy in 1911.
Panunzio became the head of the Fascist Faculty of Political Sciences at Perugia University in 1928.
Panunzio criticized the Soviet state as a "dictatorship over the proletariat, and not of the proletariat". He is quoted as saying, "Moscow bows before the light radiating from Rome. The Communist International no longer speaks to the spirit; it is dead." He opposed the anti-Semitic campaign of 1938. A strong supporter of the state for its own sake, he had a long-running academic dispute with the corporatistCarlo Costamagna regarding the role of fascism.
Panunzio died on October 8, 1944.
La Persistenza del Diritto (Discutendo di Sindacalismo e di Anarchismo) [The Persistence of the Right (A Discussion about Syndicalism and Anarchism)] (Pescara: Casa Editrice Abruzzese, 1909).
Diritto, forza e violenza; lineamenti di una teoria della violenza. Con prefazione di R. Mondolfo (Bologna, L. Cappelli, 1921)
Italo Balbo (Milano, Imperia, 1923)
Stato nazionale e sindacati (Milan: Imperia, 1924)