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Location of Serchhip district in Mizoram
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Mizoram|
|• Assembly seats||3|
|• Total||1,422 km2 (549 sq mi)|
|• Density||46/km2 (120/sq mi)|
|• Sex ratio||977 per thousand|
Serchhip District is one of the eight districts of Mizoram state in India. The district occupies an area of 1421.60 km². Serchhip town is the administrative headquarters of the district. This district came into existence on 15 September 1998, being carved out of the larger Aizawl District. Because of the way it was created it includes part of East Lungdar Tehsil and part of Thingsulthliah Tehsil.
The district is mostly a hilly terrain with some alluvial benches along its rivers that are utilised for agriculture. Serchhip District lies between the Mat River and the Tuikum River. The Tuikum is utilised for public drinking water for the town of Serchhip and the Mat provides irrigation water to Zawlpui, considered the "rice bowl" of Serchhip. Vantawng Falls, the highest waterfall in Mizoram, is located in the district about 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) south of the town of Thenzawl on the Lau River.
The district is administered by a deputy commissioner whose office is in the town of Serchhiphas. There are three sub-divisions (townships or tehsils)), Serchhip Sadar, North Vanlaiphai and Thenzawl, with forty-one villages.
There are three legislative assembly constituencies in this district: Tuikum, Hrangturzo and Serchhip. Three villages in Aizawl District are included in Tuikum Constituency, namely Darlawng, Phulmawi and Tlungvel. Hrangturzo Constituency includes the town of Biate which is located in Champhai District.
According to the 2011 census Serchhip district has a population of 64,937, roughly equal to the nation of Marshall Islands. This gives it a ranking of 626th in India (out of a total of 640). Approximately a third of the population live in and around the town of Serchhip. The district has a population density of 46 inhabitants per square kilometre (120/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 20.56%. Serchhip has a sex ratio of 977 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 97.91%. Most of the population is engaged in agricultural pursuits.
Marshall Islands 67,182 July 2011 est.
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