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Serchhip district

Serchhip district
District of Mizoram
Location of Serchhip district in Mizoram
Location of Serchhip district in Mizoram
Country India
State Mizoram
Headquarters Serchhip
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Mizoram
 • Assembly seats 3
Area
 • Total 1,422 km2 (549 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 64,937
 • Density 46/km2 (120/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 97.91%
 • Sex ratio 977 per thousand
Website Official website

Serchhip District is one of the eight districts of Mizoram state in India. The district occupies an area of 1421.60 km². Serchhip town is the administrative headquarters of the district. This district came into existence on 15 September 1998, being carved out of the larger Aizawl District.[1] Because of the way it was created it includes part of East Lungdar Tehsil and part of Thingsulthliah Tehsil.[1][2]

As of 2011 census, it has the highest literacy rate in India, and is the second least populous district of Mizoram (out of 8), after Saiha.[3]

Geography

The district is bounded on the north and northwest by Aizawl District, on the west and south by Lunglei District, on the southeast by Myanmar (Burma), and on the east by Champhai District.[4]

The district is mostly a hilly terrain with some alluvial benches along its rivers that are utilised for agriculture.[5] Serchhip District lies between the Mat River and the Tuikum River. The Tuikum is utilised for public drinking water for the town of Serchhip and the Mat provides irrigation water to Zawlpui, considered the "rice bowl" of Serchhip.[1] Vantawng Falls, the highest waterfall in Mizoram, is located in the district about 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) south of the town of Thenzawl on the Lau River.[1][6]

With an average elevation 888 metres (2,913 ft),[7] the average annual daily temperature ranges from 15 °C to 27 °C and the rainfall is moderate.[4]

Administration and divisions

The district is administered by a deputy commissioner whose office is in the town of Serchhiphas. There are three sub-divisions (townships or tehsils)), Serchhip Sadar, North Vanlaiphai and Thenzawl, with forty-one villages.[4][8]

There are three legislative assembly constituencies in this district: Tuikum, Hrangturzo and Serchhip.[4] Three villages in Aizawl District are included in Tuikum Constituency, namely Darlawng, Phulmawi and Tlungvel. Hrangturzo Constituency includes the town of Biate which is located in Champhai District.[4]

Major towns in this district are Serchhip, Thenzawl and North Vanlaiphai. The other sub-towns are Chhingchhip and East Lungdar. The notable villages include Hriangtlang and Lungpho.

Demographics

Religions in Serchhip District
Religion Percent
Christians
97.70%
Hindus
1.53%
Muslims
0.52%
Not Stated
0.09%
Others
0.05%
Sikhs
0.01%
Buddhists
0.01%
Jains
0.01%

According to the 2011 census Serchhip district has a population of 64,937, roughly equal to the nation of Marshall Islands.[9] This gives it a ranking of 626th in India (out of a total of 640). Approximately a third of the population live in and around the town of Serchhip. The district has a population density of 46 inhabitants per square kilometre (120/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 20.56%. Serchhip has a sex ratio of 977 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 97.91%.[10] Most of the population is engaged in agricultural pursuits.[4]

Flora and fauna

In 1991 the area became home to the Khawnglung Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of 35 km².[11][12]

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b c d "District Census Handbook, Serchhip: Village and town Wise Primary Census Abstract (PCA)" (PDF). Census 2011, Mizoram. Directorate of Census Operations, Mizoram. Archived (PDF) from the original on 25 August 2015. 
  2. ^ Bhatt, S. C.; Bhargava, Gopal K., eds. (2006). "Chapter 7. Government and Politics". Land and People of Indian States and Union Territories, volume 19 Mizoram. Delhi, India: Kalpaz Publications. pp. 65–70, page 69. ISBN 81-7835-375-X. 
  3. ^ "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Serchhip District: District Profile" (PDF). District Election Plan. Office of Deputy Commissioner, Serchhip District. 2008. Archived (PDF) from the original on 25 August 2015. 
  5. ^ "District Agriculture Plan (C-DAP), District serchhip, Mizoram" (PDF). Department of Agriculture, Government of Mizoram. p. 8. Archived (PDF) from the original on 25 August 2015. 
  6. ^ "Vantawng Falls". India9.com Guide to India. Online Highways. 7 June 2005. Archived from the original on 29 August 2012. 
  7. ^ "Serchhip District At A Glance". Office of Deputy Commissioner, Serchhip District. Archived from the original on 9 August 2014. 
  8. ^ Other sources state the total number of villages as forty-two. "Serchhip District At A Glance". Office of Deputy Commissioner, Serchhip District. Archived from the original on 9 August 2014. 
  9. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Marshall Islands 67,182 July 2011 est. 
  10. ^ census2011. "Serchhip District : Census 2011 data". census2011.co.in. Retrieved 15 June 2013. 
  11. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Mizoram". Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  12. ^ "Protected Area Network in India" (PDF). Wildlife Division, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India. p. 27. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 January 2013. 

External links