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Sepahsalar Mosque

Sepahsālār Mosque
مسجد سپهسالار
Sepahsalar Mosque in Tehran.jpg
Sepahsalar Mosque is located in Tehran
Sepahsalar Mosque
Location in Tehran
Basic information
Location Baharestan, Tehran, Iran
Geographic coordinates 35°41′19.5″N 51°25′58.37″E / 35.688750°N 51.4328806°E / 35.688750; 51.4328806
Affiliation Shia Islam
Province Tehran Province
Country Iran
Year consecrated 1879 to 1884
Status Active
Architectural style Qajar
Minaret(s) 8

The Sepahsālār Mosque (Persian: مسجد سپهسالار‎‎ - Masjed-e Sepahsālār) is a famous historic mosque in Tehran, Iran. The construction project of the mosque was started in 1879 upon the order of Mirza Hosein Sepahsalar, the Premiers of Iran during Naser al-Din Shah Qajar, and the first phase of construction was finished after five years since it was started. The mosque was renamed the Shahid Motahhari (مسجد شهید مطهری), after the 1979 Iranian Revolution, but it is commonly known as its initial name of Sepahsalar Mosque.

The Sepahsalar Mosque is one of the largest Mosque in Tehran.[1] During the late Qajar as well as Pahlavi era, Sepahsalar mosque was distinctive landmark of Tehran with its eight minarets which was unique in Persian design of mosques.[1]

The mosque is located southeast of Baharestan square, next to the former National Consultative Majlis of Iran.

Architecture

Sepahsalar Mosque Tehran in 1960s

The Sepahsalar Mosque is the first mosque in Tehran whose design is mix of Persian architecture and architecture of mosques in Istanbul. The building is inspired by Jameh Mosque of Isfahan, Chaharbagh School and Sultan Ahmed Mosque. The mosque has a special dome and eight minarets.[2]

The main entrance portal and the facade are of a quite distinctive Qajar style. Two massive minarets flank the recessed entrance, which leads into a courtyard surrounded by twin-storeyed arcades of college rooms; in all there are some 60 chambers.[3]

Tiles with full-blown floral motifs in typically flamboyant Qajar style decorate the courtyard, while a tile inscription band gives details of the original endowment. The prayer hall dome, 37m in height, is supported by 44 columns.[3]

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Photos: Sepahsalar Mosque and school in Tehran". payvand.com. Retrieved 2016-12-28. 
  2. ^ "Sepahsalar Mosque | Persian Tourism Guide - Iran's Tourism". persiantourismguide.com. Retrieved 2016-12-28. 
  3. ^ a b "Motahari Mosque (Masjed-e Sepahsalar) - SURFIRAN". surfiran.com. Retrieved 2016-12-28. 

External links

Media related to Sepahsalar Mosque) at Wikimedia Commons