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Sehwan (Sindhi: سيوهڻ شريف, Urdu: سیہون; also commonly referred to as Sehwan Sharif, or Noble Sehwan) is a historic city located in Jamshoro District of Sindh province in Pakistan, and is situated on the west bank of the Indus, 80 miles (130 km) north-west of Hyderabad. The city is renowned for being home of one of Pakistan's most important Sufi shrines, the Shrine of Lal Shahbaz Qalandar.
Due to the popularity of its Sufi shrine, the terms "Sehwan" and "Qalandar" are often used interchangeably in Pakistan. Sehwan is one of Pakistan's most important religious centres, along with other shrines of Pakistan such as the Shrine of Abdullah Shah Ghazi in Karachi, Data Durbar Complex in Lahore, Bari Imam in Noorpur Shehan near Islamabad, and the lustrous tombs of the Suhrawardi sufis in Multan.
It is possible that the name Sehwan originates from Sewistan or Sheestan, attributed to the prophet Shees or Seth, the third son of Adam and Eve. Others say that its name originated from "Siwistan" or "Shiv-istan", the kingdom of Raja Dahir which extended to the Punjab. It was conquered by Muhammad bin Qasim in 711, and two centuries later by Mahmud of Ghazni. An abortive attempt was made by the Mughal emperor Humayun to capture it on his way to Umarkot but it finally fell to his son Akbar.[when?] Before this, it was the capital of the Thatta Kingdom under Juni Bek.
The Shrine of Lal Shahbaz Qalandar attracts hundreds of thousands of visitors every year. Shrine of the famous sufi saint Hazrat Murshid Syed Nadir Ali Shah, a notable "Sajjada Nashin" or spiritual successor of Hazrat Lal Shahbaz Qalandar is also located in Sehwan, where large number of people are served free meals round the clock. Another famous place is the inverted city. Manchar Lake, the largest freshwater lake in Pakistan, is at a short distance from Sehwan Sharif.
On the 16th of February 2017, a suicide bomber triggered an explosion at the Shrine of Lal Shahbaz Qalandar, killing at least 83 people and injuring almost 250. The attack occurred during a praying session. The bombing took place at an 800 year old Shrine.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Sehwan.|