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Scottish Rugby Union

Scottish Rugby Union
Aonadh Rugbaidh na h-Alba
Scottish rugby logo.svg
SportRugby union
Founded1873; 145 years ago (1873)
WR affiliation1886 (founder)
FIRA-AER affiliation1999
HeadquartersBT Murrayfield Stadium
Edinburgh
EH12 5PJ
Location55°56′32.07″N 3°14′27.38″W / 55.9422417°N 3.2409389°W / 55.9422417; -3.2409389
PresidentRob Flockhart
Men's coachGregor Townsend
Women's coachShade Munro
Sevens coachJohn Dalziel
Websitewww.scottishrugby.org

The Scottish Rugby Union (SRU; Scottish Gaelic: Aonadh Rugbaidh na h-Alba) is the governing body of rugby union in Scotland. It is the second oldest Rugby Union, having been founded in 1873, as the Scottish Football Union.[1] The SRU oversees the national league system, known as the Scottish League Championship. The SRU is headed by the President (Rob Flockhart) and Chairman (Colin Grassie), with Mark Dodson acting as the Chief Executive Officer.

History

1873 — 1920s

The Scottish Football Union was founded on Monday 3 March 1873 at a meeting held at Glasgow Academy, Elmbank Street, Glasgow. Eight clubs were represented at the foundation, Glasgow Academicals; Edinburgh Academical Football Club; West of Scotland F.C.; University of St Andrews Rugby Football Club; Royal High School FP; Merchistonians; Edinburgh University RFC; and Glasgow University. Five of these clubs were, at the time of founding the Scottish Football Union, already members of the previously instituted Rugby Football Union. Although the RFU now represents exclusively English clubs, in its first few years it had members from outside England, there being no other national union. West of Scotland, Glasgow Academicals and Edinburgh University had joined the RFU in 1871 and Edinburgh Academicals and Royal High School FP had joined in 1872. These five renounced membership of the RFU to join the SFU.

The SFU was a founding member of the International Rugby Football Board, now known as World Rugby, in 1886 with Ireland and Wales. (England refused to join until 1890.)

In 1924 the SFU changed its name to become the Scottish Rugby Union.[2] International games were played at Inverleith from 1899 to 1925 when Murrayfield was opened.

1990s — present

The SRU owns Murrayfield Stadium which is the main home ground of the Scottish national team, though in 2004 international rugby games were played at Hampden Park in Glasgow and McDiarmid Park in Perth, as part of the SRU's campaign to reach out to new audiences outside the traditional rugby areas.

When the Heineken Cup (now replaced by the European Rugby Champions Cup) was suggested SRU officials were concerned that Scottish club sides could not compete against the best teams from France and England and that centrally funded so-called 'super-district' teams might do better.

The four traditional districts—the South (renamed Border Reivers), Edinburgh, Glasgow and the North & Midlands (rebranded as Caledonia Reds)—were given the go-ahead to take part in Europe. For the first two seasons, players were still released to play for their clubs in domestic competition, but eventually the districts became full-time operations.

Then financial difficulties—the SRU's high debt, partly as a result of the redevelopment of Murrayfield—called for retrenchment. After two seasons, financial difficulties forced the SRU to merge the four teams into two. Edinburgh merged with the Border Reivers to form a team to be known as Edinburgh Reivers. Glasgow merged with Caledonian to form a team to be known as Glasgow Caledonian.

The Borders was resurrected in 2002 and joined the second season of the Celtic League. As a consequence Edinburgh Reivers became simply Edinburgh Rugby and Glasgow became Glasgow Rugby.[3] In 2005, all three teams adopted new names. The Borders readopted the name Border Reivers; Edinburgh became Edinburgh Gunners, but would revert to Edinburgh in 2006; and Glasgow became Glasgow Warriors. Furthermore, the SRU planned to have a world class rugby side for each city or large town in Scotland, when financial circumstances permitted.[4]

In 2007, The Borders team was disbanded yet again as a result of continuing financial difficulties. In the same year, the SRU began organising the Scotland Sevens, first held in Edinburgh and later in Glasgow. For several years, it was the final event in the annual Sevens World Series, but that distinction now belongs to London.

On 21 November 2009 Scotland beat Australia 9–8 after 17 attempts in 27 years.

In the Season 2010–11 the SRU had a contractual dispute with the Season Ticket Holders of Edinburgh Rugby.

On 22 December 2010 at Edinburgh Sheriff Court (Small Claims) the Sheriff ruled the Scottish Rugby Union had entered a contract between itself and Season Ticket Holders of Edinburgh Rugby Club. The Sheriff also found that the SRU had breached the contract between itself and Edinburgh Rugby Club (a Division of the SRU). Although it was found that the SRU had breached the contract, the Sheriff could not make an order instructing the SRU to comply with its obligation under that contract.

Centenary celebrations

The SRU celebrated its centenary in 1973 with a number of events. Among these was the 1973 International Seven-A-Side Tournament, the first sevens tournament to have national representative sides. The programme for that event also sported the new coat of arms of the SRU that was granted by the Lord Lyon King of Arms on 28 February 1973, for the centenary season. The coat of arms is still in use today, but in the main the SRU use the commercial thistle logo on jerseys and stationary. The coat of arms has the motto "Non Sine Gloria", meaning "Not Without Glory".

Domestic Rugby

The SRU oversees the national league system, known as the Scottish League Championship, and consisting of:

It also oversees the Scottish Cup. It is not directly responsible for local, university or 2nd XV leagues.

Women's & Girls Rugby

See also Scottish Women's Rugby.

Since the Scottish Women's Rugby Union merged with Scottish Rugby in 2009[5] the governing body also oversees Women's Fixtures.[6]

A National Cup competition:

  • Sarah Beaney Cup 2015–16[10]
  • BT Women's Bowl[11]

Regional Cup Competition:

  • Donna Kennedy Cup[12]

National teams

The SRU oversees Scotland's national teams. The most prominent team is the Scotland national rugby union team, which competes in the Six Nations tournament every year and in the Rugby World Cup every four years. The SRU also oversees the Scotland national sevens team, which competes every year in the World Rugby Sevens Series. And the SRU oversees the Scotland national women’s rugby team.

The head coach of the Scotland national rugby union team is Gregor Townsend, who began in June 2017.[13] Scott Johnson is Director of Rugby.[14]

The head coach of the Scottish national women's rugby team is Shade Munro.

Personnel

The current President, Rob Flockhart, was elected for a two-year term of office in August 2016. At the same time Dee Bradbury was elected as vice president, meaning that in August 2018 she will succeed Flockhart to become the SRU’s first female President.[15] In August 2016 the board elected Colin Grassie to the position of Chairman, taking up the post in January 2017 for a three year term.[16] The Chief Executive Officer is Mark Dodson.[17]

In May 2014, it was announced that Sheila Begbie had been appointed to the newly created post of Head of Women's Rugby, reporting directly to the Director of Rugby and she was due to commence this role in August 2014.[18]

See also

References

  1. ^ "History of the game". Rugby Football Union. Archived from the original on 10 January 2014. Retrieved 11 May 2014.
  2. ^ MacDonald, Paul. "First Scottish Grand Slam". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2007-10-27.
  3. ^ "SRU Annual Report 2003-04" (PDF). Scottish Rugby Union. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 January 2005.
  4. ^ "SRU accused of becoming dictatorship". The Scotsman. 15 January 2005. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
  5. ^ "Women vote to join up with the SRU".
  6. ^ "Fixtures & Results - Scottish Rugby Union".
  7. ^ "Fixtures & Results - Scottish Rugby Union".
  8. ^ "Fixtures & Results - Tennent's Women's National League 1".
  9. ^ "Fixtures & Results - Tennent's Women's National League 2". Scottish Rugby.
  10. ^ "Fixtures & Results - Scottish Rugby Union".
  11. ^ "Fixtures & Results - Scottish Rugby Union".
  12. ^ "Inaugural women's Cup set for centre stage at BT Murrayfield - Scottish Rugby Union".
  13. ^ Stuart, Lewis (10 June 2017). "Gregor Townsend era begins but pressures remain the same". The Scotsman. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
  14. ^ Ferguson, David (3 May 2013). "Scott Johnson appointed to SRU director role". The Scotsman. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
  15. ^ Morrison, Iain (20 August 2016). "Dee Bradbury to become SRU's first female president".
  16. ^ "Scottish Rugby elects new Chairman for 2017". www.scottishrugby.org (Press release). 16 August 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  17. ^ Smith, Duncan (10 August 2015). "SRU chief Mark Dodson lauds 'big step forward'". The Scotsman. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
  18. ^ "Sheila Begbie leaves women's football for Scottish Rugby role". BBC News. 29 May 2014. Retrieved 15 September 2014.

External links