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The scorpion kick, also known as a reverse bicycle kick or back hammer kick, is a physical move in association football. It is achieved by diving or throwing the body forwards, placing the hands in the ground to lunge the back heels in front so as to kick an incoming football. Sports historian Andreas Campomar praises the maneuver as remarkable, noting that it "demonstrated that the spectacle had not died: that the game, in spite of its many flaws, could provide moments of glory that had little to do with just victory or defeat."
The move gets its name from the player's resemblance to a scorpion's tail while performing the kick.
Colombian goalkeeper René Higuita is attributed with the invention of this advanced football skill. One of his best known performances of the maneuver occurred at Wembley Stadium during a 1995 international friendly match between Colombia and England.
On top of the regular diving scorpion kick, there are also other variations such as standing scorpion kick and spinning scorpion kick. Swedish forward Zlatan Ibrahimović is a notable exponent for the standing scorpion kick, while the Italian defender Giuseppe Biava is a notable exponent for the spinning scorpion kick.
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