This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.

Scientific research on the International Space Station

Expedition 8 Commander and Science Officer Michael Foale conducts an inspection of the Microgravity Science Glovebox.
European Space Agency (ESA) astronaut Thomas Reiter, STS-116 mission specialist, works with the Passive Observatories for Experimental Microbial Systems in Micro-G (POEMS) payload in the Minus Eighty Degree Laboratory Freezer for ISS (MELFI) in the Destiny laboratory of the International Space Station while Space Shuttle Discovery was docked with the station. MELFI is a low temperature freezer facility with nominal operating temperatures of -80, -26 and +4 °C that will preserve experiment materials over long periods.
ESA astronaut Thomas Reiter, STS-116 mission specialist, works with the Passive Observatories for Experimental Microbial Systems in Micro-G (POEMS) payload in the Minus Eighty Degree Laboratory Freezer for ISS (MELFI) inside the Destiny laboratory.

Scientific research on the International Space Station is a collection of experiments that require one or more of the unusual conditions present in low Earth orbit. The primary fields of research include human research, space medicine, life sciences, physical sciences, astronomy and meteorology.[1][2][3] The 2005 NASA Authorization Act designated the American segment of the International Space Station as a national laboratory with the goal of increasing the use of the ISS by other federal agencies and the private sector.[4]

Research on the ISS improves knowledge about the effects of long-term space exposure on the human body. Subjects currently under study include muscle atrophy, bone loss, and fluid shift. The data will be used to determine whether space colonisation and lengthy human spaceflight are feasible. As of 2006, data on bone loss and muscular atrophy suggest that there would be a significant risk of fractures and movement problems if astronauts landed on a planet after a lengthy interplanetary cruise (such as the six-month journey time required to fly to Mars).[5][6] Large scale medical studies are conducted aboard the ISS via the National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI). Prominent among these is the Advanced Diagnostic Ultrasound in Microgravity study in which astronauts (including former ISS Commanders Leroy Chiao and Gennady Padalka) perform ultrasound scans under the guidance of remote experts. The study considers the diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions in space. Usually, there is no physician on board the ISS, and diagnosis of medical conditions is a challenge. It is anticipated that remotely guided ultrasound scans will have application on Earth in emergency and rural care situations where access to a trained physician is difficult.[7][8][9]

Researchers are investigating the effect of the station's near-weightless environment on the evolution, development, growth and internal processes of plants and animals. In response to some of this data, NASA wants to investigate microgravity's effects on the growth of three-dimensional, human-like tissues, and the unusual protein crystals that can be formed in space.[2]

The investigation of the physics of fluids in microgravity will allow researchers to model the behaviour of fluids better. Because fluids can be almost completely combined in microgravity, physicists investigate fluids that do not mix well on Earth. In addition, an examination of reactions that are slowed by low gravity and temperatures will give scientists a deeper understanding of superconductivity.[2]

The study of materials science is an important ISS research activity, with the objective of reaping economic benefits through the improvement of techniques used on the ground.[10] Other areas of interest include the effect of the low gravity environment on combustion, through the study of the efficiency of burning and control of emissions and pollutants. These findings may improve our knowledge about energy production, and lead to economic and environmental benefits. Future plans are for the researchers aboard the ISS to examine aerosols, ozone, water vapour, and oxides in Earth's atmosphere, as well as cosmic rays, cosmic dust, antimatter, and dark matter in the universe.[2]

Contents

ISS science facilities

ELC-2 on the SSRMS prior to its placement on the S3 Truss.jpg

[11][12][12]
When completed, The ISS will include a number of modules devoted to scientific activity as well as other hardware designed for the same purpose.
Laboratory modules:

  • Columbus
  • Destiny
  • Kibo or the Japanese Experiment Module
  • Poisk or Mini-Research Module 2
  • Rassvet or Mini-Research Module 1
  • Nauka or Multipurpose Laboratory Module (not yet launched)

Scientific hardware not attached to any laboratory module:

Columbus (ISS module)

Internal scientific hardware:

External scientific hardware:

Destiny (ISS module)

Planned for launch:

  • Basic Express Rack 9B (ISS facility) | BER-9B ExPRESS Rack with only cooling and electrical power, eight Mid Deck Locker payloads. Launched on HTV-6
  • Basic Express Rack 10B (ISS facility) | BER-10B
  • Second Glove Box, MSG-2 or Live Science Glovebox LSG

Kibo (ISS module)

[24]
Internal scientific hardware:

External scientific hardware:

  • Japanese Experiment Module - Exposed Facility [39]

Poisk (ISS module)

  • Multipurpose workstation (MWS)

ISS small hardware

ISS sub-rack

[52]

  • Advanced Biological Research System (ABRS) [53]
  • Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility (APCF) [54]
  • ARCTIC Refrigerator-Freezer (ARCTIC) [55]
  • Biotechnology Specimen Temperature Controller (BSTC) [56]
  • Biotechnology Temperature Refrigerator (BTR) [57]
  • Boiling Experiment Facility (BXF) [58]
  • Clean Bench (CB)[59]
  • Cell Biology Experiment Facility (CBEF)[60]
  • Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus (CGBA)[61]
  • Commercial Plant Biotechnology Facility (CPBF)[62]
  • Commercial Refrigerator Incubator Module - Modified (CRIM-M) [63]
  • European Modular Cultivation System (EMCS) [64]
  • Fluid Physics Experiment Facility (FPEF) [65]
  • Flywheel Exercise Device (FWED)[66]
  • Image Processing Unit (IPU)[67]
  • Mice Drawer System Facility (MDS_Facility)[68]
  • Microgravity Vibration Isolation Subsystem (MVIS)[69]
  • Portable Astroculture Chamber (PASC)[70]
  • Protein Crystal Growth - Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System (PCG-STES)[71]
  • Protein Crystallization Research Facility (PCRF)[72]
  • Pulmonary Function System (PFS)[73]
  • Portable Glovebox (PGB)[74]
  • Refrigerated Centrifuge (RC)[75]
  • Solution Crystallization Observation Facility (SCOF)[76]
  • Space Linear Acceleration Mass Measurement Device (SLAMMD)[77]
  • Human Research Facility Ultrasound on the International Space Station (Ultrasound)[78]

ISS stowage

[52]

  • Autonomous Biological System (ABS)[79]
  • Advanced Space Experiment Processor (ADSEP)[80]
  • Astro Garden[81]
  • Biological Research in Canisters (BRIC)[82]
  • Cell Culturing (CellCult)[83]
  • Group Activation Pack - Fluid Processing Apparatus (GAP-FPA)[84]
  • Granada Crystallization Facility (GCF)[85]

ISS mid-deck locker

[86]

ISS mid-deck locker insert

[86]

  • Biotube[93]
  • Kennedy Space Center Gaseous Nitrogen Freezer (GN2)[94]

JAXA's ISS research and science activity

[95][96][97]

Experiments

  • [98]
  • Chaos, Turbulence and its Transition Process in Marangoni Convection Marangoni Exp (Fluid Physics Experiment Facility (FPEF) )[99]
  • Spatio-temporal Flow Structure in Marangoni Convection (Marangoni UVP/MaranGoniat) (Fluid Physics Experiment Facility (FPEF) )[100]
  • Experimental Assessment of Dynamic Surface Deformation Effects in Transition to Oscillatory Thermo capillary Flow in Liquid Bridge of High Prandtl Number Fluid (Fluid Physics Experiment Facility (FPEF) )[101]
  • Pattern Formation during Ice Crystal Growth (Ice Crystal) (Solution Crystallization Observation Facility (SCOF) )[102]
  • Investigation on Mechanism of Faceted Cellular Array Growth (Facet) (Solution Crystallization Observation Facility (SCOF) )[103]
  • Growth of Homogeneous SiGe Crystals in Microgravity by the TLZ Method (Hicari) (Gradient Heating Furnace (GHF) )
  • Gene expression of p53-regulated Genes in Mammalian Cultured Cells after Exposure to Space Environment (Rad Gene)[104]
  • Detection of Changes in LOH Profile of TK mutants of Human Cultured Cells (LOH)[105]
  • Control of cell differentiation and morphogenesis of amphibian culture cells (Dome Gene)
  • Integrated Assessment of Long-term Cosmic Radiation Through Biological Responses of the Silkworm, Bombyx mori, in Space (Rad Silk)[106]
  • RNA interference and protein phosphorylation in space environment using the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans (CERISE)
  • Cbl-Mediated Protein Ubiquitination Downregulates the Response of Skeletal Muscle Cells to Growth Factors in Space (Myo Lab)
  • Hydrotropism and Auxin-Inducible Gene Expression in Roots Grown under Microgravity Conditions (Hydro Tropi)[107]
  • Biological effects of space radiation and microgravity on mammalian cells (Neuro Rad)
  • Life Cycle of Higher Plants under Microgravity Conditions (Space Seed)[108]
  • Regulation by Gravity of Ferulate Formation in Cell Walls of Rice Seedlings (Ferulate)[109]

Applied research fields

  • High Quality Protein Crystallization Research (HQPC)[110]
  • Applied research core center promotion program New material development (Protein Crystallization Research Facility (PCRF))
  • Applied research core center promotion program Dynamics of Interfaces (Cell Biology Experiment Facility (CBEF))

Human space technology development fields

Educational and cultural utilization fields

  • Space Poem Chain (ISS Experiment)[115]
  • Pilot missions for utilization for culture and humanity and social sciences

Commercial utilization fields

Fee-based utilization of Kibo is available to unrestricted research groups for commercial use. Costs involved in the operation will be paid by each user. The results obtained through the utilization will belong to the user.[98]

Exposed facility experiments

NASA's ISS research and science activity

[119]

Human research

[120]

Effect of prolonged space flight on human skeletal muscle

[121]

  • Bisphosphonates as a Countermeasure to Space Flight Induced Bone Loss (Bisphosphonates)[122]
  • Commercial Biomedical Testing Module: Effects of Osteoprotegerin on Bone Maintenance in Microgravity (CBTM)[123]
  • Commercial Biomedical Test Module - 2 (CBTM-2)[124]
  • Foot Reaction Forces During Space Flight (Foot)[125]
  • Effects of Altered Gravity on Spinal Cord Excitability (H-Reflex)[126]
  • Hand Posture Analyzer (HPA)[127]
  • Renal Stone Risk During Spaceflight: Assessment and Countermeasure Validation (Renal_Stone)[128]
  • Spinal Elongation and its Effects on Seated Height in a Microgravity Environment (Spinal_Elongation)[129]
  • Subregional Assessment of Bone Loss in the Axial Skeleton in Long-term Space Flight (Subregional_Bone)[130]

Cardiovascular and pulmonary systems

  • Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Control on Return from ISS (CCISS)[131]
  • Cardiac Atrophy and Diastolic Dysfunction During and After Long Duration Spaceflight: Functional Consequences for Orthostatic Intolerance, Exercise Capability and Risk for Cardiac Arrhythmias (Integrated_Cardiovascular)[132]
  • Test of Midodrine as a Countermeasure Against Post-flight Orthostatic Hypotension - Long (Midodrine-Long)[133]
  • Test of Midodrine as a Countermeasure Against Post-flight Orthostatic Hypotension - Short Duration Biological Investigation (Midodrine-SDBI)[134]
  • The Effects of EVA and Long-Term Exposure to Microgravity on Pulmonary Function (PuFF)[135]
  • Evaluation of Maximal Oxygen Uptake and Submaximal Estimates of VO2max Before, During, and After Long Duration International Space Station Missions (VO2max)[136]
  • Effect of Microgravity on the Peripheral Subcutaneous Veno-Arteriolar Reflex in Humans (Xenon1)[137]

Crew healthcare systems

  • IntraVenous Fluid GENeration for Exploration Missions (IVGEN)[138]
  • Stability of Pharmacotherapeutic and Nutritional Compounds (Stability)[139]

Human behaviour and performance

  • Bodies In the Space Environment was an experiment run from 2009 to 2010 studying how people perceive relative direction in space.[140]
  • Crewmember and Crew-Ground Interaction During International Space Station Missions (Interactions)[141]
  • Behavioral Issues Associated with Isolation and Confinement: Review and Analysis of ISS Crew Journals (Journals)[142]
  • Sleep-Wake Actigraphy and Light Exposure During Spaceflight-Long (Sleep-Long)[143]
  • Sleep-Wake Actigraphy and Light Exposure During Spaceflight-Short (Sleep-Short)[144]
  • Human Factors Assessment of Vibration Effects on Visual Performance During Launch (Visual_Performance)[145]

Immune system

  • Differentiation of Bone Marrow Macrophages in Space (BONEMAC)[146]
  • Cell Culture Module - Immune Response of Human Monocytes in Microgravity (CCM-Immune_Response)[147]
  • Cell Culture Module - Effect of Microgravity on Wound Repair: In Vitro Model of New Blood Vessel Development (CCM-Wound_Repair)[148]
  • Space Flight Induced Reactivation of Latent Epstein-Barr Virus (Epstein-Barr)[149]
  • Validation of Procedures for Monitoring Crewmember Immune Function (Integrated_Immune)[150]
  • Incidence of Latent Virus Shedding During Space Flight (Latent_Virus)[151]

Integrated physiology

  • Advanced Diagnostic Ultrasound in Microgravity (ADUM)[152]
  • Nutritional Status Assessment (Nutrition)[153]
  • Dietary Intake Can Predict and Protect Against Changes in Bone Metabolism during Spaceflight and Recovery (Pro_K)[154]
  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration Biological Specimen Repository (Repository)[155]

Neurological and vestibular systems

  • ELaboratore Immagini TElevisive - Space 2 (ELITE-S2)[156]
  • Promoting Sensorimotor Response Generalizability: A Countermeasure to Mitigate Locomotor Dysfunction After Long-Duration Space Flight (Mobility)[157]
  • Bioavailability and Performance Effects of Promethazine During Space Flight (PMZ)[158]

Radiation

  • Anomalous Long Term Effects in Astronauts' Central Nervous System (ALTEA)[159]
  • Anomalous Long Term Effects in Astronauts' Central Nervous System - Shield (ALTEA-Shield)[160]
  • Bonner Ball Neutron Detector (BBND)[161]
  • Chromosomal Aberrations in Blood Lymphocytes of Astronauts (Chromosome)[162]
  • Dosimetric Mapping (DOSMAP)[163]
  • A Study of Radiation Doses Experienced by Astronauts in EVA (EVARM)[164]
  • Organ Dose Measurement Using the Phantom Torso (Torso)[165]
  • Mental Representation of Spatial Cues During Space Flight (3D-Space)[166]

Other experiments

  • Long Term Microgravity: A Model for Investigating Mechanisms of Heart Disease with New Portable Equipment (Card)[167]
  • Cytogenetic Effects of Ionizing Radiation in Peripheral Lymphocytes of ISS Crewmembers (Chromosome-2)[168]
  • Astronaut's Energy Requirements for Long-Term Space Flight (Energy)[169]
  • Neuroendocrine and Immune Responses in Humans During and After Long Term Stay at ISS (Immuno)[170]
  • Motion Perception: Vestibular Adaptation to G-Transitions (MOP)[171]
  • Study of Low Back Pain in Crewmembers During Space Flight (Mus)[172]
  • Otolith Assessment During Postflight Re-adaptation (Otolith)[173]
  • Perceptual Motor Deficits in Space (PMDIS)[174]
  • Psychomotor Vigilance Self Test on the International Space Station (Reaction_Self_Test)[175]
  • Study of Microbial Communities Exposed to Weightlessness (Sample)[176]
  • SOdium LOading in Microgravity (SOLO)[177]
  • Validation of Centrifugation as a Countermeasure for Otolith Deconditioning During Spaceflight (Spin)[178]
  • Test of Reaction and Adaptation Capabilities (TRAC)[179]
  • Ambiguous Tilt and Translation Motion Cues After Space Flight (Zag)[180]

Biology and biotechnology

[181]

Animal biology

  • Fungal Pathogenesis, Tumorigenesis, and Effects of Host Immunity in Space (FIT)[182]
  • Mice Drawer System (MDS)[183]

Cellular biology and biotechnology

  • Avian Development Facility - Development and Function of the Avian Otolith System in Normal Altered Gravity Environments (ADF-Otolith)[184]
  • Avian Development Facility - Skeletal Development in embryonic Quail (ADF-Skeletal)[185]
  • Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support Systems: Human Renal Cortical Cell Differentiation and Hormone Production (CBOSS-01-02-Renal)[186]
  • Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support Systems: Use of NASA Bioreactor to Study Cell Cycle Regulation: Mechanisms of Colon Carcinoma Metastasis in Microgravity (CBOSS-01-Colon)[187]
  • Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support Systems: Evaluation of Ovarian Tumor Cell Growth and Gene Expression (CBOSS-01-Ovarian)[188]
  • Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support Systems: PC12 Pheochromocytoma Cells - A Proven Model System for Optimizing 3-D Cell Culture Biotechnology in Space (CBOSS-01-PC12)[189]
  • Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support Systems: Production of Recombinant Human Erythropoietin by Mammalian Cells (CBOSS-02-Erythropoietin)[190]
  • Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support Systems: The Effect of Microgravity on the Immune Function of Human Lymphoid Tissue (CBOSS-02-HLT)[191]
  • Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support Systems: Fluid Dynamics Investigation (CBOSS-FDI)[192]
  • Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus - Antibiotic Production in Space (CGBA-APS)[193]
  • Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus - Kidney Cell Gene Expression (CGBA-KCGE)[194]
  • Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus - Synaptogenesis in Microgravity (CGBA-SM)[195]
  • Microencapsulation Electrostatic Processing System (MEPS)[196]
  • StelSys Liver Cell Function Research (StelSys)[197]
  • Gene, Immune and Cellular Responses to Single and Combined Space Flight Conditions - A (TripleLux-A)[198]
  • Gene, Immune and Cellular Responses to Single and Combined Space Flight Conditions - B (TripleLux-B)[199]

Microbiology

  • Microbial Drug Resistance Virulence (MDRV)[200]
  • Effect of Spaceflight on Microbial Gene Expression and Virulence (Microbe)[201]
  • National Laboratory Pathfinder - Cells (NLP-Cells)[202]
  • National Laboratory Pathfinder - Vaccine - 1A (NLP-Vaccine-1A)[203]
  • National Laboratory Pathfinder - Vaccine - 1B (NLP-Vaccine-1B)[204]
  • National Lab Pathfinder - Vaccine - 1C (NLP-Vaccine-1C)[205]
  • National Lab Pathfinder - Vaccine - 2 (NLP-Vaccine-2)[206]
  • National Lab Pathfinder - Vaccine - 3 (NLP-Vaccine-3)[207]
  • National Lab Pathfinder - Vaccine - 4 (NLP-Vaccine-4)[208]
  • National Lab Pathfinder - Vaccine - 5 (NLP-Vaccine-5)[209]
  • Passive Observatories for Experimental Microbial Systems (POEMS)[210]
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae Expression of Genes in Space (SPEGIS)[211]
  • Surface, Water and Air Biocharacterization - A Comprehensive Characterization of Microorganisms and Allergens in Spacecraft Environment (SWAB)[212]
  • Yeast-Group Activation Packs (Yeast-GAP)[213]

Plant biology

  • Advanced AstrocultureTM (ADVASC)[214]
  • Biomass Production System (BPS)[215]
  • Cambium (Cambium)[216]
  • Cell Wall/Reverse Genetic Approach to Exploring Genes Responsible for Cell Wall Dynamics in Supporting Tissues of Arabidopsis Under Microgravity Conditions and Resist Wall/Role of Microtubule-Membrane-Cell Wall Continuum in Gravity Resistance in Plants (CWRW)[217]
  • Gravity Related Genes in Arabidopsis - A (Genara-A)[218]
  • Threshold Acceleration for Gravisensing (Gravi)[219]
  • Threshold Acceleration for Gravisensing - 2 (Gravi-2)[220]
  • Validating Vegetable Production Unit (VPU) Plants, Protocols, Procedures and Requirements (P3R) Using Currently Existing Flight Resources (Lada-VPU-P3R)[221]
  • Molecular and Plant Physiological Analyses of the Microgravity Effects on Multigeneration Studies of Arabidopsis thaliana (Multigen)[222]
  • National Laboratory Pathfinder - Cells - 3: Jatropha Biofuels (NLP-Cells-3)[223]
  • The Optimization of Root Zone Substrates (ORZS) for Reduced Gravity Experiments Program (ORZS)[224]
  • Photosynthesis Experiment and System Testing and Operation (PESTO)[225]
  • Plant Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus (PGBA)[226]
  • Transgenic Arabidopsis Gene Expression System (TAGES)[227]
  • Analysis of a Novel Sensory Mechanism in Root Phototropism (Tropi)[228]

Protein crystalization

  • Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Extraordinary Structural Features of Antibodies from Camelids (APCF-Camelids)[229]
  • Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Solution Flows and Molecular Disorder of Protein Crystals: Growth of High Quality Crystals, Motions of Lumazin Crystals and Growth of Ferritin Crystals (APCF-Crystal_Growth)[230]
  • Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Effect of Different Growth Conditions on the Quality of Thaumatin and Aspartyl-tRNA Synthetase Crystals Grown in Microgravity (APCF-Crystal_Quality)[231]
  • Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Crystallization of Human Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) Subfractions in Microgravity (APCF-Lipoprotein)[232]
  • Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Testing New Trends in Microgravity Protein Crystallization (APCF-Lysozyme)[233]
  • Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Crystallization of the Next Generation of Octarellins (APCF-Octarellins)[234]
  • Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Protein Crystallization in Microgravity, Collagen Model (X-Y-Gly) Polypeptides - the case of (Pro-Pro-Gly) 10 (APCF-PPG10)[235]
  • Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Crystallization of Rhodopsin in Microgravity (APCF-Rhodopsin)[236]
  • Commercial Protein Crystal Growth - High Density (CPCG-H)[237]
  • Dynamically Controlled Protein Crystal Growth (DCPCG)[238]
  • Protein Crystal Growth-Enhanced Gaseous Nitrogen Dewar (PCG-EGN)[239]
  • Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Improved Diffraction Quality of Crystals (PCG-STES-IDQC)[240]
  • Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Crystallization of the Integral Membrane Protein Using Microgravity (PCG-STES-IMP)[241]
  • Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Synchrotron Based Mosaicity Measurements of Crystal Quality and Theoretical Modeling (PCG-STES-MM)[242]
  • Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Crystallization of the Mitochondrial Metabolite Transport Proteins (PCG-STES-MMTP)[243]
  • Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System - Crystal Growth Model System for Material Science (PCG-STES-MS)[244]
  • Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Engineering a Ribozyme for Diffraction Properties (PCG-STES-RDP)[245]
  • Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Regulation of Gene Expression (PCG-STES-RGE)[246]
  • Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Science and Applications of Facility Hardware for Protein Crystal Growth (PCG-STES-SA)[247]
  • Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Vapor Equilibrium Kinetics Studies (PCG-STES-VEKS)[248]

Other experiments

  • Dome Gene Experiment (DomeGene)[249]
  • Exposure Experiment (Expose)[250]
  • Fischer Rat Thyroid Low Serum 5% (FRTL5)[251]
  • High Quality Protein Crystallization (HQPC)[252]
  • Detection of Changes in LOH Profile of TK mutants of Human Cultured Cells (LOH) - Gene Expression of p53-Regulated Genes in Mammalian Cultured Cells After Exposure to Space Environment (LOH-RadGene)[253]
  • Effects of Microgravity on the Haemopoietic System: A Study on Neocytolysis (Neocytolysis)[254]
  • PAthway DIfferent ACtivators (PADIAC)[255]
  • ROle of Apoptosis in Lymphocyte Depression (ROALD)[256]
  • Study of Space Environment Effects on PY17 Bacterial Spores on board Space Shuttle (Spore)[257]
  • Waving and Coiling of Arabidopsis Roots at Different g-levels (WAICO)[258]

Physical and materials sciences

[259]

Combustion science

  • Flame Extinguishment Experiment (FLEX)[260]
  • Smoke Point In Co-flow Experiment (SPICE)[261]

Fluid physics

  • Capillary Flow Experiment (CFE)[262]
  • DEvice for the study of Critical LIquids and Crystallization - High Temperature Insert (DECLIC-HTI)[263]
  • Fluid Merging Viscosity Measurement (FMVM)[264]
  • Miscible Fluids in Microgravity (MFMG)[265]
  • Shear History Extensional Rheology Experiment (SHERE)[266]
  • Selectable Optical Diagnostics Instrument-Influence of VIbrations on DIffusion of Liquids (SODI-IVIDIL)[267]

Materials science

  • Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 3 and 4: Critical Point (BCAT-3-4-CP)[268]
  • Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 3: Binary Alloys (BCAT-3-BA)[269]
  • Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 3: Surface Crystallization (BCAT-3-SC)[270]
  • Binodal Colloidal Aggregation Test - 4: Polydispersion (BCAT-4-Poly)[271]
  • Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 5: Three-Dimensional Melt (BCAT-5-3D-Melt)[272]
  • Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 5: Compete (BCAT-5-Compete)[273]
  • Binary Colloidal Alloy Test-5: Phase Separation (BCAT-5-PhaseSep)[274]
  • Coarsening in Solid Liquid Mixtures-2 (CSLM-2)[275]
  • DEvice for the study of Critical LIquids and Crystallization - Directional Solidification Insert (DECLIC-DSI)[276]
  • EXPRESS Physics of Colloids in Space (EXPPCS)[277]
  • Viscous Liquid Foam - Bulk Metallic Glass (Foam)[278]
  • Investigating the Structure of Paramagnetic Aggregates from Colloidal Emulsions (InSPACE)[279]
  • Investigating the Structure of Paramagnetic Aggregates from Colloidal Emulsions - 2 (InSPACE-2)[280]
  • Materials International Space Station Experiment (MISSE 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6A, 6B, 7, and 8)[281][282][283][284][285]
  • Materials Science Laboratory - Columnar-to-Equiaxed Transition in Solidification Processing and Microstructure Formation in Casting of Technical Alloys under Diffusive and Magnetically Controlled Convective Conditions (MSL-CETSOL_and_MICAST)[286]
  • Toward Understanding Pore Formation and Mobility During Controlled Directional Solidification in a Microgravity Environment (PFMI)[287]
  • Selectable Optical Diagnostics Instrument - Aggregation of Colloidal Solutions (SODI-Colloid) (ISS Experiment)[288]
  • Space-Dynamically Responding Ultrasonic Matrix System (SpaceDRUMS)[289]
  • Solidification Using a Baffle in Sealed Ampoules (SUBSA)[290]
  • Zeolite Crystal Growth (ZCG)[291]

Other experiments

  • Fundamental and Applied Studies of Emulsion Stability (FASES)[292]
  • Simulation of Geophysical Fluid Flow Under Microgravity (Geoflow)[293]
  • Chaos, Turbulence and its Transition Process in Marangoni Convection (Marangoni)[294]

Technology development

[295]

Characterizing the microgravity environment on ISS

  • Active Rack Isolation System - ISS Characterization Experiment (ARIS-ICE)[296]
  • Microgravity Acceleration Measurement System (MAMS)[297]
  • Space Acceleration Measurement System-II (SAMS-II)[298]

Environmental monitoring of ISS

  • Analyzing Interferometer for Ambient Air (ANITA)[299]
  • JPL Electronic Nose (ENose)[300]
  • Lab-on-a-Chip Application Development-Portable Test System (LOCAD-PTS)[301]
  • Lab-on-a-Chip Application Development-Portable Test System - Exploration (LOCAD-PTS-Exploration)[302]
  • Vehicle Cabin Atmosphere Monitor (VCAM)[303]

Picosatellites and control technologies

Spacecraft materials

  • Elastic Memory Composite Hinge (EMCH)[311]
  • In Space Soldering Investigation (ISSI)[312]
  • Pico-Satellite Solar Cell Experiment (PSSC)[313]
  • Rigidizable Inflatable Get-Away-Special Experiment (RIGEX)[314][315][316]

Spacecraft systems

  • Boiling eXperiment Facility - Microheater Array Boiling Experiment (BXF-MABE)[317]
  • Boiling eXperiment Facility - Nucleate Pool Boiling eXperiment (BXF-NPBX)[318]
  • Dust and Aerosol Measurement Feasibility Test (DAFT)[319]
  • Delay Tolerant Networking (DTN)[320]
  • Maui Analysis of Upper Atmospheric Injections (MAUI)[321]
  • Multi-User Droplet Combustion Apparatus - Flame Extinguishment Experiment (MDCA-FLEX)[322]
  • Smoke and Aerosol Measurement Experiment (SAME)[323]
  • Space Communications and Navigation Testbed (SCAN_Testbed)[324]
  • Shuttle Exhaust Ion Turbulence Experiments (SEITE)[325]
  • Shuttle Ionospheric Modification with Pulsed Localized Exhaust Experiments (SIMPLEX)[326]
  • Serial Network Flow Monitor (SNFM)[327]

Spacecraft and orbital environments

  • Atmospheric Neutral Density Experiment - 2 (ANDE-2)[328]
  • Ram Burn Observations (RAMBO)[329]
  • Space Test Program-H2-Atmospheric Neutral Density Experiment (STP-H2-ANDE)[330]

Other experiments

  • DEBris In Orbit Evaluator - 2 (DEBIE-2)[331]
  • EuTEF Thermometer (EuTemp)[332]
  • Earth Viewing Camera (EVC)[333]
  • Activation and Test Downlink of HDTV System (JAXA-HDTV)[334]
  • Particle Flux Demonstrator (Particle_Flux)[335]
  • Tribology Laboratory (TriboLab)[336]

Earth and space science

[337]

Earth science

  • Agricultural Camera (AgCam)[338]
  • Crew Earth Observations (CEO)[339]
  • Crew Earth Observations - International Polar Year (CEO-IPY)[340]
  • ISS-RapidScat

Space science

Other monitors and observatories from the field

  • DOSimetry TELescopes (DOSTEL)[343]
  • Flux (Phi) Probe EXperiment - Time resolved Measurement of Atomic Oxygen (FIPEX)[344]
  • HICO and RAIDS Experiment Payload - Hyperspectral Imager for the Coastal Ocean (HREP-HICO)[345]
  • HICO and RAIDS Experiment Payload - Remote Atmospheric and Ionospheric Detection System (RAIDS) (HREP-RAIDS)[346]
  • RaDI-N (RaDI-N)[347]

ISS operations results

[348]

Crew-initiated science

  • Science of Opportunity (Saturday_Morning_Science)[349]

Educational activities

  • Amateur Radio on the International Space Station (ARISS)[350]
  • Education - How Solar Cells Work (Education-Solar_Cells)[351]
  • International Space Station Inflight Education Downlinks (Inflight_Education_Downlinks)[352]

Environmental monitoring of ISS

  • Anomalous Long Term Effects in Astronauts' - Dosimetry (ALTEA-Dosi)[353]
  • International Space Station Acoustic Measurement Program (ISS_Acoustics)[354]

Medical monitoring of ISS crew members

  • Clinical Nutrition Assessment of ISS Astronauts, SMO-016E (Clinical_Nutrition_Assessment)[355]

Spacecraft systems

  • International Space Station Zero-Propellant Maneuver (ZPM) Demonstration (ZPM)[356]

Spacecraft and orbital environments

  • Analysis of International Space Station Plasma Interaction (Plasma_Interaction_Model)[357]

Station development test objective

  • Validation of On-Orbit Methodology for the Assessment of Cardiac Function and Changes in the Circulating Volume Using Ultrasound and Braslet-M Occlusion Cuffs, SDTO 17011 U/R (Braslet)[358]
  • Component Repair Experiment - 1, SDTO 17012U (CRE-1)[359]
  • Soldering in Reduced Gravity Experiment, SDTO 17003-U (SoRGE)[360]
  • Solid State Lighting Module, SDTO 15008U (SSLM)[361]

Supplementary Medical Objective

  • Periodic Fitness Evaluation with Oxygen Uptake Measurement (PFE-OUM)[362]

ESA reported ISS research and science activity

Much like NASA and JAXA, ESA also conducted numerous experiments on the International Space Station.

Energia RSC reported ISS research and science activity

[363]

Human life research

[364]
  • Sprut-MBI (ISS Experiment)[365]
  • Parodont (ISS Experiment)[366]
  • Cardio-ODNT (ISS Experiment) [367]
  • Mass Transfer (ISS Experiment)[368]
  • Prognos (ISS Experiment)[369]
  • Brados (ISS Experiment) [370]
  • Farma (ISS Experiment)[371]
  • Poligen (ISS Experiment) [372]
  • Diurez (ISS Experiment)[373]
  • Biotest (ISS Experiment)[374]
  • Biotest-1 (ISS Experiment) [375]
  • Profilaktika (ISS Experiment) [376]
  • Pulse (ISS Experiment) [377]
  • BIMS (ISS Experiment) [378]
  • Biorisk (ISS Experiment) [379]
  • Rastenia-2 (ISS Experiment) [380]
  • Pilot (ISS Experiment) [381]
  • Intercellular Interaction (ISS Experiment) [382]
  • Gematologia (ISS Experiment) [383]
  • Plasmida (ISS Experiment) [384]
  • Statokonia (ISS Experiment) [385]
  • Regeneratsia (ISS Experiment) [386]
  • Akvarium (ISS Experiment) [387]
  • Sonokard (ISS Experiment) [388]
  • Vzaimodeystviye (ISS Experiment) [389]
  • Dykhanie (ISS Experiment) [390]
  • Pneumocard (ISS Experiment) [391]
  • Rastenia (ISS Experiment) [392]
  • Tipologia (ISS Experiment) [393]

Geophysical research

[394]

  • Uragan (ISS Experiment)[395]
  • Relaksatsia (ISS Experiment)[396]
  • Molnyia-SM (ISS Experiment)[397]
  • Vsplesk (ISS Experiment)[398]
  • Impuls (ISS Experiment)[399]
  • Plazma-Progress (ISS Experiment)[400]
  • Plazma-MKS (ISS Experiment)[401]
  • Ten'-Mayak (ISS Experiment)[402]

Earth resources sensing

[403]

  • Diatomeya (ISS Experiment)[404]
  • Volny (ISS Experiment)[405]
  • Rusalka (ISS Experiment)[406]
  • Seiner (ISS Experiment)[407]
  • Ekon (ISS Experiment)[408]

Space biotechnology

[409]

  • CPCF-2 (ISS Experiment)[410]
  • Mimetik-K (ISS Experiment)[411]
  • Biodegradation (ISS Experiment)[412]
  • Conjugation (ISS Experiment)[413]
  • MSK (ISS Experiment)[414]
  • KAF (ISS Experiment)[415]
  • Vaktsina-K (ISS Experiment)[416]
  • Bioekologia (ISS Experiment)[417]
  • Interleukin-K (ISS Experiment)[418]
  • Bioemulsia (ISS Experiment)[419]
  • Glikoproteid (ISS Experiment)[420]
  • Biotrek (ISS Experiment)[421]
  • Antigen (ISS Experiment)[422]
  • Lactolen (ISS Experiment)[423]
  • ARIL (ISS Experiment)[424]
  • OChB (ISS Experiment)[425]
  • Astrovaktsina (ISS Experiment)[426]
  • Zhenshen-2 (ISS Experiment)[427]
  • Kaskad (ISS Experiment)[428]
  • BIF (ISS Experiment)[429]
  • Bakteriofag (ISS Experiment)[430]
  • Structura (ISS Experiment)[431]
  • Konstanta (ISS Experiment)[432]

Technical research

[433]

  • Tenzor (ISS Experiment)[434]
  • Iskazhenye (ISS Experiment)[435]
  • Privyazka (ISS Experiment)[436]
  • Identificatsia (ISS Experiment)[437]
  • Izgib (ISS Experiment)[438]
  • Infrazvuk-M (ISS Experiment)[439]
  • Meteoroid (ISS Experiment)[440]
  • Vektor-T (ISS Experiment)[441]
  • Scorpion (ISS Experiment)[442]
  • Kromka (ISS Experiment)[443]
  • Acoustika-M (ISS Experiment)[444]
  • Toksichnost (ISS Experiment)[445]
  • Radioskaf (ISS Experiment)[446]
  • Sreda-MKS (ISS Experiment)[447]
  • Infotekh (ISS Experiment)[448]
  • Kontur (ISS Experiment)[449]
  • Veterok (ISS Experiment)[450]
  • BAR (ISS Experiment)[451]
  • Expert (ISS Experiment)[452]
  • Cold Atom Laboratory

Contract activities

[453]

  • GTS (ISS Experiment)[454]
  • GTS-2 (ISS Experiment)[455]
  • Vzglyad (ISS Experiment)[456]
  • Biosfera (ISS Experiment)[457]
  • LEGO (ISS Experiment)[458]
  • Popular Mechanics (ISS Experiment)[459]
  • MPAC & SEED (ISS Experiment)[460]
  • HDTV (ISS Experiment)[461]
  • Starmail (ISS Experiment)[462]
  • GCF-JAXA (ISS Experiment)[463]
  • ROKVISS (ISS Experiment)[464]
  • Neurocog (ISS Experiment)[465]
  • Cardiocog (ISS Experiment)[466]
  • Neurocog-3 (ISS Experiment)[467]
  • 3DPC (ISS Experiment)[468]
  • 3DPC-2 (ISS Experiment)[469]
  • SCN (ISS Experiment)[470]
  • Cardiocog-4 (ISS Experiment)[471]
  • NOA (ISS Experiment)[472]
  • IMMUNO (ISS Experiment)[473]
  • Golf (ISS Experiment)[474]
  • Myocite (ISS Experiment)[475]
  • Stroma (ISS Experiment)[476]
  • Amphybody (ISS Experiment)[477]
  • Tubul (ISS Experiment)[478]
  • MIA (ISS Experiment)[479]
  • NKA (ISS Experiment)[480]
  • Bioculture (ISS Experiment)[481]
  • Altcriss (ISS Experiment)[482]
  • Cult (ISS Experiment)[483]
  • Sample-LDM (ISS Experiment)[484]
  • AT-SPACE (ISS Experiment)[485]
  • BIOKIN 4 (ISS Experiment)[486]
  • PKINASE (ISS Experiment)[487]
  • EXPOSE-R (ISS Experiment)[488]
  • Pille-Simonyi-2 (ISS Experiment)[489]
  • Sample (ISS Experiment)[490]

Study of cosmic rays

[491]

Educational and humanitarian projects

[495]

  • Kolibry Project (ISS Experiment)[496]
  • Konstructor Project (ISS Experiment)[497]
  • MATI-75 (ISS Experiment)[498]
  • MAI-75 (ISS Experiment)[499]
  • Fizika-Obrazovanie (ISS Experiment)[500]

Space technology and material science

[501]

Foreign programs

[509]

Other

In May 2011, Space Shuttle Endeavour mission STS-134 carried 13 Lego kits to the ISS, where astronauts built models and saw how they reacted in microgravity, as part of the Lego Bricks in Space program. The results were shared with schools as part of an educational project.[510][511]

References

  1. ^ "International Space Station Overview". ShuttlePressKit.com. 3 June 1999. Retrieved 17 February 2009.
  2. ^ a b c d "Fields of Research". NASA. 26 June 2007. Archived from the original on 23 January 2008.
  3. ^ "Getting on Board". NASA. 26 June 2007. Archived from the original on 8 December 2007.
  4. ^ "NASA Authorization Act 2005" (PDF). United States Government Printing Office. 30 December 2005. Retrieved 6 March 2009.
  5. ^ Jay Buckey (23 February 2006). Space Physiology. Oxford University Press USA. ISBN 978-0-19-513725-5.
  6. ^ List Grossman (24 July 2009). "Ion engine could one day power 39-day trips to Mars". New Scientist. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
  7. ^ Brooke Boen (1 May 2009). "Advanced Diagnostic Ultrasound in Microgravity (ADUM)". NASA. Retrieved 1 October 2009.
  8. ^ Sishir Rao; et al. (2008). "A Pilot Study of Comprehensive Ultrasound Education at the Wayne State University School of Medicine". Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine. 27 (5): 745–749. PMID 18424650. Archived from the original on 2010-07-13.
  9. ^ Michael Fincke; et al. (2004). "Evaluation of Shoulder Integrity in Space: First Report of Musculoskeletal US on the International Space Station". Radiology. 234 (2): 319–322. doi:10.1148/radiol.2342041680. PMID 15533948.
  10. ^ "Materials Science 101". [email protected] 15 September 1999. Archived from the original on 14 June 2009. Retrieved 18 June 2009.
  11. ^ ISS Facilities
  12. ^ a b [www.nasa.gov] Facilities List by Discipline Emphasis Summary - NASA
  13. ^ "Expedite the Processing of Experiments to the Space Station (EXPRESS) Logistics Carrier (ELC)". Archived from the original on 2008-11-01. Retrieved 2010-03-20.
  14. ^ "NICER News". Goddard Space Flight Center - Sciences and Exploration Directorate. NASA. 2018-05-26. Retrieved 2018-05-26.
  15. ^ "Neutron-star Interior Composition ExploreR". Spaceflight101.com. 2018-05-26. Retrieved 2018-05-26.
  16. ^ Glenn Research Center (NASA)
  17. ^ (EXPRESS_Rack_1)
  18. ^ (EXPRESS_Rack_2A)
  19. ^ (EXPRESS_Rack_3A)
  20. ^ (EXPRESS_Rack_4)
  21. ^ (EXPRESS_Rack_5)
  22. ^ (EXPRESS_Rack_6)
  23. ^ Human Research Facility 2 (HRF-2)
  24. ^ Experiment Facilities onboard [sic] Kibo’s Pressurized Module (PM):Experiment - Kibo Japanese Experimental Module - JAXA Archived 2010-02-24 at the Wayback Machine.. Kibo.jaxa.jp. Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  25. ^ Ryutai Experiment Rack (Ryutai)
  26. ^ Fluid Physics Experiment Facility (FPEF) - JAXA Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  27. ^ Solution Crystallization Observation Facility (SCOF) - JAXA Archived 2010-02-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  28. ^ Protein Crystallization Research Facility (PCRF) - JAXA Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  29. ^ Image Processing Unit (IPU) - JAXA Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  30. ^ Gradient Heating Furnace (GHF) - JAXA Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  31. ^ Saibo Experiment Rack (Saibo)
  32. ^ Cell Biology Experiment Facility (CBEF) Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  33. ^ Clean Bench (CB) Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  34. ^ Biological Experiment Unit (BEU) - JAXA Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  35. ^ High Definition TeleVision transmitting system (HDTV) - JAXA Archived 2011-06-12 at the Wayback Machine.
  36. ^ Passive Dosimeter for Life Science Experiments in Space (PADLES) - JAXA Archived 2011-06-12 at the Wayback Machine.
  37. ^ Specification of JAXA Holter ECG Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  38. ^ a b Payload Laptop Terminal (PLT) Microgravity Measurement Apparatus (MMA) Utility DC/DC Converter Unit (UDC):Experiment - Kibo Japanese Experimental Module - JAXA Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine.. Kibo.jaxa.jp (2009-10-16). Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  39. ^ Japanese Experiment Module - Exposed Facility (JEM-EF) Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  40. ^ Actiwatch (Actiwatch)
  41. ^ BioServe Culture Apparatus (BCA)
  42. ^ Biological Research in Canisters for OptiCells (BRIC-Opti)
  43. ^ Human Research Facility Continuous Blood Pressure Device (CBPD)
  44. ^ NASA - Hand Grip Dynamometer?Pinch Force Dynamometer (HGD-PFD). Nasa.gov (2010-07-31). Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  45. ^ Human Research Facility Holter Monitor (Holter)
  46. ^ Kennedy Space Center Fixation Tube (KFT)
  47. ^ Portable Clinical Blood Analyzer - i-STAT (PCBA)
  48. ^ Radiation Area Monitor (RAM)
  49. ^ Tissue Equivalent Proportional Counter (TEPC)
  50. ^ Urine Monitoring System (UMS)
  51. ^ "NASA - Veg-03". www.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2018-03-11.
  52. ^ a b NASA - Facilities List by Hardware Type
  53. ^ Advanced Biological Research System
  54. ^ Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility
  55. ^ ARCTIC Refrigerator-Freezer (ARCTIC)
  56. ^ Biotechnology Specimen Temperature Controller (BSTC)
  57. ^ Biotechnology Temperature Refrigerator (BTR)
  58. ^ Boiling Experiment Facility (BXF) - NASA
  59. ^ Clean Bench (CB) - NASA
  60. ^ Cell Biology Experiment Facility (CBEF) - NASA
  61. ^ Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus (CGBA)- NASA
  62. ^ Commercial Plant Biotechnology Facility (CPBF) - NASA
  63. ^ Commercial Refrigerator Incubator Module - Modified (CRIM-M) - NASA
  64. ^ European Modular Cultivation System (EMCS) - NASA
  65. ^ Fluid Physics Experiment Facility (FPEF) - NASA
  66. ^ Flywheel Exercise Device (FWED) - NASA
  67. ^ Image Processing Unit (IPU) - NASA
  68. ^ Mice Drawer System Facility (MDS_Facility) - NASA
  69. ^ Microgravity Vibration Isolation Subsystem (MVIS) - NASA
  70. ^ Portable Astroculture Chamber (PASC) - NASA
  71. ^ Protein Crystal Growth - Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System (PCG-STES) - NASA
  72. ^ Protein Crystallization Research Facility (PCRF) - NASA
  73. ^ Pulmonary Function System (PFS) - NASA
  74. ^ Portable Glovebox (PGB) - NASA
  75. ^ Refrigerated Centrifuge (RC) - NASA
  76. ^ Solution Crystallization Observation Facility (SCOF) - NASA
  77. ^ Space Linear Acceleration Mass Measurement Device (SLAMMD) - NASA
  78. ^ Human Research Facility Ultrasound on the International Space Station (Ultrasound) - NASA
  79. ^ Autonomous Biological System
  80. ^ ADvanced Space Experiment Processor
  81. ^ Astro_Garden
  82. ^ Biological Research in Canisters
  83. ^ Cell Culturing
  84. ^ Group Activation Pack - Fluid Processing Apparatus
  85. ^ Granada Crystallization Facility
  86. ^ a b [www.nasa.gov] NASA - Facilities List by Hardware Type
  87. ^ Avian Development Facility
  88. ^ Animal Enclosure Module
  89. ^ General Laboratory Active Cryogenic ISS Experiment Refrigerator
  90. ^ Microgravity Experiment Research Locker Incubator
  91. ^ T-Cell Growth System
  92. ^ Space Saving
  93. ^ Biotube
  94. ^ Kennedy Space Center Gaseous Nitrogen Freezer
  95. ^ JAXA | Space Environment Utilization and Space Experiment. Jaxa.jp. Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  96. ^ Experiment - Kibo Japanese Experimental Module - JAXA Archived 2010-02-23 at the Wayback Machine.. Kibo.jaxa.jp. Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  97. ^ List of Kibo experiments by theme and/or facility Archived 2010-12-14 at the Wayback Machine.
  98. ^ a b JAXA, Current Status of Research Themes for Kibo First Phase Utilization, archived from the original on 2010-12-14
  99. ^ Chaos, Turbulence and its Transition Process in Marangoni Convection Marangoni Exp/MEIS (ISS Experiment) - JAXA Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  100. ^ Spatio-temporal Flow Structure in Marangoni Convection (Marangoni UVP/MaranGoniat) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  101. ^ Experimental Assessment of Dynamic Surface Deformation Effects in Transition to Oscillatory Thermo capillary Flow in Liquid Bridge of High Prandtl Number Fluid (ISS Experiment) - JAXA Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  102. ^ Pattern Formation during Ice Crystal Growth (Ice Crystal) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA Archived 2010-02-20 at the Wayback Machine.
  103. ^ Investigation on Mechanism of Faceted Cellular Array Growth (Facet) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  104. ^ Gene expression of p53-regulated Genes in Mammalian Cultured Cells after Exposure to Space Environment (Rad Gene) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  105. ^ Detection of Changes in LOH Profile of TK mutants of Human Cultured Cells (LOH) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  106. ^ Integrated Assessment of Long-term Cosmic Radiation Through Biological Responses of the Silkworm, Bombyx mori, in Space (Rad Silk) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  107. ^ Hydrotropism and Auxin-Inducible Gene Expression in Roots Grown under Microgravity Conditions (Hydro Tropi) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  108. ^ Life Cycle of Higher Plants under Microgravity Conditions (Space Seed) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  109. ^ Regulation by Gravity of Ferulate Formation in Cell Walls of Rice Seedlings (Ferulate) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  110. ^ High Quality Protein Crystallization Research (HQPC) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA Archived 2011-03-17 at the Wayback Machine.
  111. ^ Passive Dosimeter for Life Science Experiments in Space (PADLES) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA Archived 2011-06-12 at the Wayback Machine.
  112. ^ High Definition TeleVision transmitting system (HDTV) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA Archived 2011-06-12 at the Wayback Machine.
  113. ^ Current Status of Research Themes for Kibo First Phase Utilization - JAXA Archived 2010-12-14 at the Wayback Machine.
  114. ^ Bisphosphonates as a Countermeasure to Space Flight Induced Bone Loss (ISS Experiment) - JAXA Archived 2011-06-12 at the Wayback Machine.
  115. ^ Space Poem Chain (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  116. ^ Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image (MAXI) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  117. ^ Space Environment Data Acquisition Equipment - Attached Payload (SEDA-AP) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA Archived 2010-04-11 at the Wayback Machine.
  118. ^ Superconducting Submillimeter-Wave Limb Emission Sounder (SMILES) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  119. ^ NASA - NASA - Space Station Science. Nasa.gov (2010-07-19). Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  120. ^ Human Research and Countermeasure Development for Exploration - NASA
  121. ^ Effect of Prolonged Space Flight on Human Skeletal Muscle (Biopsy) - NASA
  122. ^ Bisphosphonates as a Countermeasure to Space Flight Induced Bone Loss (Bisphosphonates) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  123. ^ Commercial Biomedical Testing Module: Effects of Osteoprotegerin on Bone Maintenance in Microgravity (CBTM) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2007-08-23 at the Wayback Machine.
  124. ^ Commercial Biomedical Test Module - 2 (CBTM-2) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  125. ^ Foot Reaction Forces During Space Flight (Foot) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  126. ^ Effects of Altered Gravity on Spinal Cord Excitability (H-Reflex) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  127. ^ Hand Posture Analyzer (HPA) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  128. ^ Renal Stone Risk During Spaceflight: Assessment and Countermeasure Validation (Renal_Stone) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  129. ^ Spinal Elongation and its Effects on Seated Height in a Microgravity Environment (Spinal_Elongation) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  130. ^ Subregional Assessment of Bone Loss in the Axial Skeleton in Long-term Space Flight (Subregional_Bone) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  131. ^ Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Control on Return from ISS (CCISS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  132. ^ Cardiac Atrophy and Diastolic Dysfunction During and After Long Duration Spaceflight: Functional Consequences for Orthostatic Intolerance, Exercise Capability and Risk for Cardiac Arrhythmias (Integrated_Cardiovascular) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  133. ^ Test of Midodrine as a Countermeasure Against Post-flight Orthostatic Hypotension - Long (Midodrine-Long) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  134. ^ Test of Midodrine as a Countermeasure Against Post-flight Orthostatic Hypotension - Short Duration Biological Investigation (Midodrine-SDBI) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  135. ^ The Effects of EVA and Long-Term Exposure to Microgravity on Pulmonary Function (PuFF) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  136. ^ Evaluation of Maximal Oxygen Uptake and Submaximal Estimates of VO2max Before, During, and After Long Duration International Space Station Missions (VO2max) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  137. ^ Effect of Microgravity on the Peripheral Subcutaneous Veno-Arteriolar Reflex in Humans (Xenon1) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  138. ^ IntraVenous Fluid GENeration for Exploration Missions (ISS Experiment) (IVGEN) - NASA
  139. ^ Stability of Pharmacotherapeutic and Nutritional Compounds (Stability) (ISS Experiment)- NASA
  140. ^ Bodies In the Space Environment: Relative Contributions of Internal and External Cues to Self - Orientation, During and After Zero Gravity Exposure (BISE) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  141. ^ Crewmember and Crew-Ground Interaction During International Space Station Missions (Interactions) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  142. ^ Behavioral Issues Associated with Isolation and Confinement: Review and Analysis of ISS Crew Journals (Journals) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  143. ^ Sleep-Wake Actigraphy and Light Exposure During Spaceflight-Long (Sleep-Long) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2008-09-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  144. ^ Sleep-Wake Actigraphy and Light Exposure During Spaceflight-Short (Sleep-Short) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  145. ^ Human Factors Assessment of Vibration Effects on Visual Performance During Launch (Visual_Performance) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  146. ^ Differentiation of Bone Marrow Macrophages in Space (BONEMAC) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  147. ^ Cell Culture Module - Immune Response of Human Monocytes in Microgravity (CCM-Immune_Response) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  148. ^ Cell Culture Module - Effect of Microgravity on Wound Repair: In Vitro Model of New Blood Vessel Development (CCM-Wound_Repair) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  149. ^ Space Flight Induced Reactivation of Latent Epstein-Barr Virus (Epstein-Barr) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  150. ^ Validation of Procedures for Monitoring Crewmember Immune Function (Integrated_Immune) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  151. ^ Incidence of Latent Virus Shedding During Space Flight (Latent_Virus) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  152. ^ Advanced Diagnostic Ultrasound in Microgravity (ADUM) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  153. ^ Nutritional Status Assessment (Nutrition) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  154. ^ Dietary Intake Can Predict and Protect Against Changes in Bone Metabolism during Spaceflight and Recovery (Pro_K) - NASA
  155. ^ National Aeronautics and Space Administration Biological Specimen Repository (Repository) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  156. ^ ELaboratore Immagini TElevisive - Space 2 (ELITE-S2) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  157. ^ Promoting Sensorimotor Response Generalizability: A Countermeasure to Mitigate Locomotor Dysfunction After Long-Duration Space Flight (Mobility) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  158. ^ Bioavailability and Performance Effects of Promethazine During Space Flight (PMZ) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  159. ^ Anomalous Long Term Effects in Astronauts' Central Nervous System (ALTEA) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2007-11-30 at the Wayback Machine.
  160. ^ Anomalous Long Term Effects in Astronauts' Central Nervous System - Shield (ALTEA-Shield) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  161. ^ Bonner Ball Neutron Detector (BBND) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  162. ^ Chromosomal Aberrations in Blood Lymphocytes of Astronauts (Chromosome) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  163. ^ Dosimetric Mapping (DOSMAP) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  164. ^ A Study of Radiation Doses Experienced by Astronauts in EVA (EVARM) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  165. ^ Organ Dose Measurement Using the Phantom Torso (Torso) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2009-05-31 at the Wayback Machine.
  166. ^ Mental Representation of Spatial Cues During Space Flight (3D-Space) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  167. ^ Long Term Microgravity: A Model for Investigating Mechanisms of Heart Disease with New Portable Equipment (Card) - NASA Archived 2010-03-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  168. ^ Cytogenetic Effects of Ionizing Radiation in Peripheral Lymphocytes of ISS Crewmembers (Chromosome-2) - NASA Archived 2010-03-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  169. ^ Astronaut's Energy Requirements for Long-Term Space Flight (Energy) (ISS Experiment)- NASA Archived 2010-03-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  170. ^ Neuroendocrine and Immune Responses in Humans During and After Long Term Stay at ISS (Immuno) (ISS Experiment)- NASA Archived 2010-03-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  171. ^ Motion Perception: Vestibular Adaptation to G-Transitions (MOP) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  172. ^ Study of Low Back Pain in Crewmembers During Space Flight (Mus) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  173. ^ Otolith Assessment During Postflight Re-adaptation (Otolith) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  174. ^ Perceptual Motor Deficits in Space ( ) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  175. ^ Psychomotor Vigilance Self Test on the International Space Station (Reaction_Self_Test) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  176. ^ Study of Microbial Communities Exposed to Weightlessness (Sample) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  177. ^ SOdium LOading in Microgravity (SOLO) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  178. ^ Validation of Centrifugation as a Countermeasure for Otolith Deconditioning During Spaceflight (Spin) - NASA Archived 2010-03-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  179. ^ Test of Reaction and Adaptation Capabilities (TRAC)(ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  180. ^ Ambiguous Tilt and Translation Motion Cues After Space Flight (Zag) - NASA Archived 2010-03-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  181. ^ Physical and Biological Sciences in Microgravity - NASA Archived 2010-03-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  182. ^ Fungal Pathogenesis, Tumorigenesis, and Effects of Host Immunity in Space (FIT) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  183. ^ Mice Drawer System (MDS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  184. ^ Avian Development Facility - Development and Function of the Avian Otolith System in Normal Altered Gravity Environments (ADF-Otolith) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  185. ^ Avian Development Facility - Skeletal Development in Embryonic Quail (ADF-Skeletal) (ISS Experiment)- NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  186. ^ Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support Systems: Human Renal Cortical Cell Differentiation and Hormone Production (CBOSS-01-02-Renal) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  187. ^ Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support Systems: Use of NASA Bioreactor to Study Cell Cycle Regulation: Mechanisms of Colon Carcinoma Metastasis in Microgravity (CBOSS-01-Colon (ISS Experiment)) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  188. ^ Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support Systems: Evaluation of Ovarian Tumor Cell Growth and Gene Expression (CBOSS-01-Ovarian) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  189. ^ Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support Systems: PC12 Pheochromocytoma Cells - A Proven Model System for Optimizing 3-D Cell Culture Biotechnology in Space (CBOSS-01-PC12) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  190. ^ Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support Systems: Production of Recombinant Human Erythropoietin by Mammalian Cells (CBOSS-02-Erythropoietin) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  191. ^ Biotechnology Operations Support Systems: The Effect of Microgravity on the Immune Function of Human Lymphoid Tissue (CBOSS-02-HLT) (ISS Experiment) - NASA[permanent dead link]
  192. ^ Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support Systems: Fluid Dynamics Investigation (CBOSS-FDI) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  193. ^ Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus - Antibiotic Production in Space (CGBA-APS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  194. ^ Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus - Kidney Cell Gene Expression (CGBA-KCGE) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  195. ^ Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus - Synaptogenesis in Microgravity (CGBA-SM) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  196. ^ Microencapsulation Electrostatic Processing System (MEPS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  197. ^ StelSys Liver Cell Function Research (StelSys) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  198. ^ Gene, Immune and Cellular Responses to Single and Combined Space Flight Conditions - A (TripleLux-A) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  199. ^ Gene, Immune and Cellular Responses to Single and Combined Space Flight Conditions - B (TripleLux-B) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  200. ^ Microbial Drug Resistance Virulence (MDRV) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  201. ^ Effect of Spaceflight on Microbial Gene Expression and Virulence (Microbe) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  202. ^ National Laboratory Pathfinder - Cells (NLP-Cells) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  203. ^ National Laboratory Pathfinder - Vaccine - 1A (NLP-Vaccine-1A) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  204. ^ National Laboratory Pathfinder - Vaccine - 1B (NLP-Vaccine-1B) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  205. ^ National Lab Pathfinder - Vaccine - 1C (NLP-Vaccine-1C) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  206. ^ National Lab Pathfinder - Vaccine - 2 (NLP-Vaccine-2) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  207. ^ National Lab Pathfinder - Vaccine - 3 (NLP-Vaccine-3) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  208. ^ National Lab Pathfinder - Vaccine - 4 (NLP-Vaccine-4) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  209. ^ National Lab Pathfinder - Vaccine - 5 (NLP-Vaccine-5) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  210. ^ Passive Observatories for Experimental Microbial Systems (POEMS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  211. ^ Streptococcus pneumoniae Expression of Genes in Space (SPEGIS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  212. ^ Surface, Water and Air Biocharacterization - A Comprehensive Characterization of Microorganisms and Allergens in Spacecraft Environment (SWAB) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-23 at the Wayback Machine.
  213. ^ Yeast-Group Activation Packs (Yeast-GAP) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  214. ^ Advanced AstrocultureTM (ADVASC) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-04-26 at the Wayback Machine.
  215. ^ Biomass Production System (BPS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  216. ^ Cambium (Cambium) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  217. ^ Cell Wall/Reverse Genetic Approach to Exploring Genes Responsible for Cell Wall Dynamics in Supporting Tissues of Arabidopsis Under Microgravity Conditions and Resist Wall/Role of Microtubule-Membrane-Cell Wall Continuum in Gravity Resistance in Plants (CWRW) Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine. (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  218. ^ Gravity Related Genes in Arabidopsis - A (Genara-A) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  219. ^ Threshold Acceleration for Gravisensing (Gravi) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  220. ^ Threshold Acceleration for Gravisensing - 2 (Gravi-2) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  221. ^ Validating Vegetable Production Unit (VPU) Plants, Protocols, Procedures and Requirements (P3R) Using Currently Existing Flight Resources (Lada-VPU-P3R) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  222. ^ Molecular and Plant Physiological Analyses of the Microgravity Effects on Multigeneration Studies of Arabidopsis thaliana (Multigen) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  223. ^ National Laboratory Pathfinder - Cells - 3: Jatropha Biofuels (NLP-Cells-3) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-23 at the Wayback Machine.
  224. ^ The Optimization of Root Zone Substrates (ORZS) for Reduced Gravity Experiments Program (ORZS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  225. ^ Photosynthesis Experiment and System Testing and Operation (PESTO) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  226. ^ Plant Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus (PGBA) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  227. ^ Transgenic Arabidopsis Gene Expression System (TAGES) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-23 at the Wayback Machine.
  228. ^ Analysis of a Novel Sensory Mechanism in Root Phototropism (Tropi) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-02-03 at the Wayback Machine.
  229. ^ Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Extraordinary Structural Features of Antibodies from Camelids (APCF-Camelids) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  230. ^ Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Solution Flows and Molecular Disorder of Protein Crystals: Growth of High Quality Crystals, Motions of Lumazin Crystals and Growth of Ferritin Crystals (APCF-Crystal_Growth) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  231. ^ Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Effect of Different Growth Conditions on the Quality of Thaumatin and Aspartyl-tRNA Synthetase Crystals Grown in Microgravity (APCF-Crystal_Quality) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  232. ^ Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Crystallization of Human Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) Subfractions in Microgravity (APCF-Lipoprotein) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  233. ^ Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Testing New Trends in Microgravity Protein Crystallization (APCF-Lysozyme) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  234. ^ Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Crystallization of the Next Generation of Octarellins (APCF-Octarellins) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  235. ^ Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Protein Crystallization in Microgravity, Collagen Model (X-Y-Gly) Polypeptides - the case of (Pro-Pro-Gly) 10 (APCF-PPG10) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  236. ^ Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Crystallization of Rhodopsin in Microgravity (APCF-Rhodopsin) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  237. ^ Commercial Protein Crystal Growth - High Density (CPCG-H) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  238. ^ Dynamically Controlled Protein Crystal Growth (DCPCG) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  239. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Enhanced Gaseous Nitrogen Dewar (PCG-EGN) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-04-26 at the Wayback Machine.
  240. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Improved Diffraction Quality of Crystals (PCG-STES-IDQC) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  241. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Crystallization of the Integral Membrane Protein Using Microgravity (PCG-STES-IMP) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  242. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Synchrotron Based Mosaicity Measurements of Crystal Quality and Theoretical Modeling (PCG-STES-MM) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  243. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Crystallization of the Mitochondrial Metabolite Transport Proteins (PCG-STES-MMTP) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  244. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System - Crystal Growth Model System for Material Science (PCG-STES-MS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  245. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Engineering a Ribozyme for Diffraction Properties (PCG-STES-RDP) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  246. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Regulation of Gene Expression (PCG-STES-RGE) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  247. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Science and Applications of Facility Hardware for Protein Crystal Growth (PCG-STES-SA) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  248. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Vapor Equilibrium Kinetics Studies (PCG-STES-VEKS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  249. ^ Dome Gene Experiment (DomeGene) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  250. ^ Exposure Experiment (Expose) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  251. ^ Fischer Rat Thyroid Low Serum 5% (FRTL5) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  252. ^ High Quality Protein Crystallization (HQPC) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-23 at the Wayback Machine.
  253. ^ Detection of Changes in LOH Profile of TK mutants of Human Cultured Cells (LOH) - Gene Expression of p53-Regulated Genes in Mammalian Cultured Cells After Exposure to Space Environment (LOH-RadGene) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  254. ^ Effects of Microgravity on the Haemopoietic System: A Study on Neocytolysis (Neocytolysis) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  255. ^ PAthway DIfferent ACtivators (PADIAC) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  256. ^ ROle of Apoptosis in Lymphocyte Depression (ROALD) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  257. ^ Study of Space Environment Effects on PY17 Bacterial Spores onboard [sic] Space Shuttle (Spore) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  258. ^ Waving and Coiling of Arabidopsis Roots at Different g-levels (WAICO) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  259. ^ Physical and Biological Sciences in Microgravity - NASA Archived 2010-03-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  260. ^ [www.nasa.gov]
  261. ^ Smoke Point In Co-flow Experiment (SPICE) - (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  262. ^ Capillary Flow Experiment (CFE)- (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  263. ^ DEvice for the study of Critical LIquids and Crystallization - High Temperature Insert (DECLIC-HTI) - (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-23 at the Wayback Machine.
  264. ^ Fluid Merging Viscosity Measurement (FMVM) - (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  265. ^ Miscible Fluids in Microgravity (MFMG) - (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  266. ^ Shear History Extensional Rheology Experiment (SHERE) - (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  267. ^ Selectable Optical Diagnostics Instrument-Influence of VIbrations on DIffusion of Liquids (SODI-IVIDIL) - (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  268. ^ Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 3 and 4: Critical Point (BCAT-3-4-CP) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  269. ^ Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 3: Binary Alloys (BCAT-3-BA) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  270. ^ Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 3: Surface Crystallization (BCAT-3-SC) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  271. ^ Binodal Colloidal Aggregation Test - 4: Polydispersion (BCAT-4-Poly) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  272. ^ Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 5: Three-Dimensional Melt (BCAT-5-3D-Melt) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  273. ^ Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 5: Compete (BCAT-5-Compete) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  274. ^ Binary Colloidal Alloy Test-5: Phase Separation (BCAT-5-PhaseSep) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  275. ^ Coarsening in Solid Liquid Mixtures-2 (CSLM-2) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  276. ^ DEvice for the study of Critical LIquids and Crystallization - Directional Solidification Insert (DECLIC-DSI) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  277. ^ EXPRESS Physics of Colloids in Space (EXPPCS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  278. ^ Viscous Liquid Foam - Bulk Metallic Glass (Foam) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  279. ^ Investigating the Structure of Paramagnetic Aggregates from Colloidal Emulsions (InSPACE) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  280. ^ Investigating the Structure of Paramagnetic Aggregates from Colloidal Emulsions - 2 (InSPACE-2) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  281. ^ Materials International Space Station Experiment - 1 and 2 (MISSE-1_and_2) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  282. ^ Materials International Space Station Experiment - 3 and 4 (MISSE-3_and_4) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  283. ^ Materials International Space Station Experiment - 5 (MISSE-5) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2008-12-09 at the Wayback Machine.
  284. ^ Materials International Space Station Experiment - 6A and 6B (MISSE-6A_and_6B) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  285. ^ Materials International Space Station Experiment - 7 (MISSE-7) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2008-12-10 at the Wayback Machine.
  286. ^ Materials Science Laboratory - Columnar-to-Equiaxed Transition in Solidification Processing and Microstructure Formation in Casting of Technical Alloys under Diffusive and Magnetically Controlled Convective Conditions (MSL-CETSOL_and_MICAST) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  287. ^ Toward Understanding Pore Formation and Mobility During Controlled Directional Solidification in a Microgravity Environment (PFMI) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  288. ^ Selectable Optical Diagnostics Instrument - Aggregation of Colloidal Solutions (SODI-Colloid) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  289. ^ Space-Dynamically Responding Ultrasonic Matrix System (SpaceDRUMS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  290. ^ Solidification Using a Baffle in Sealed Ampoules (SUBSA) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  291. ^ Zeolite Crystal Growth (ZCG) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  292. ^ and Applied Studies of Emulsion Stability (FASES) (ISS Experiment) - NASA[permanent dead link]
  293. ^ Simulation of Geophysical Fluid Flow Under Microgravity (Geoflow) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  294. ^ Chaos, Turbulence and its Transition Process in Marangoni Convection (Marangoni) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-23 at the Wayback Machine.
  295. ^ NASA - Technology Archived 2010-03-16 at the Wayback Machine.. Nasa.gov (2010-07-31). Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  296. ^ Active Rack Isolation System - ISS Characterization Experiment (ARIS-ICE) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  297. ^ Microgravity Acceleration Measurement System (MAMS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-23 at the Wayback Machine.
  298. ^ Space Acceleration Measurement System-II (SAMS-II) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-23 at the Wayback Machine.
  299. ^ Analyzing Interferometer for Ambient Air (ANITA) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  300. ^ Electronic Nose (ENose) (ISS Experiment) - NASA[permanent dead link]
  301. ^ Lab-on-a-Chip Application Development-Portable Test System (LOCAD-PTS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2009-03-27 at the Wayback Machine.
  302. ^ Lab-on-a-Chip Application Development-Portable Test System - Exploration (LOCAD-PTS-Exploration) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2009-04-07 at the Wayback Machine.
  303. ^ Vehicle Cabin Atmosphere Monitor (VCAM) ISS Experiment - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  304. ^ Avatar Explore: Autonomous Robotic Operations Performed from the ISS (Avatar_Explore) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  305. ^ Avatar - Explore (ISS Experiment) - Canadian Space Agency Archived 2010-03-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  306. ^ Dual RF Astrodynamic GPS Orbital Navigator Satellite (DRAGONSat) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2009-06-12 at the Wayback Machine.
  307. ^ Middeck Active Control Experiment-II (MACE-II) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  308. ^ Synchronized Position Hold, Engage, Reorient, Experimental Satellites (SPHERES) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-23 at the Wayback Machine.
  309. ^ Space Test Program-H2-Microelectromechanical System-Based (MEMS) PICOSAT Inspector (STP-H2-MEPSI) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  310. ^ Space Test Program-H2-Radar Fence Transponder (STP-H2-RAFT) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  311. ^ Elastic Memory Composite Hinge (EMCH) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  312. ^ In Space Soldering Investigation (ISSI) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  313. ^ Pico-Satellite Solar Cell Experiment (PSSC) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  314. ^ Rigidizable Inflatable Get-Away-Special Experiment (RIGEX) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2008-03-27 at the Wayback Machine.
  315. ^ RIGEX summary - NASA
  316. ^ DTIC paper on RIGEX
  317. ^ Boiling eXperiment Facility - Microheater Array Boiling Experiment (BXF-MABE) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  318. ^ Boiling eXperiment Facility - Nucleate Pool Boiling eXperiment (BXF-NPBX) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  319. ^ Dust and Aerosol Measurement Feasibility Test (DAFT) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  320. ^ Delay Tolerant Networking (DTN) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-07-21 at the Wayback Machine.
  321. ^ Maui Analysis of Upper Atmospheric Injections (MAUI) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  322. ^ Multi-User Droplet Combustion Apparatus - Flame Extinguishment Experiment (MDCA-FLEX) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  323. ^ Smoke and Aerosol Measurement Experiment (SAME) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  324. ^ Space Communications and Navigation Testbed (SCAN_Testbed) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  325. ^ Shuttle Exhaust Ion Turbulence Experiments (SEITE) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2009-10-29 at the Wayback Machine.
  326. ^ Shuttle Ionospheric Modification with Pulsed Localized Exhaust Experiments (SIMPLEX) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2009-10-29 at the Wayback Machine.
  327. ^ Serial Network Flow Monitor (SNFM) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  328. ^ Atmospheric Neutral Density Experiment - 2 (ANDE-2) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2009-07-19 at the Wayback Machine.
  329. ^ Ram Burn Observations (RAMBO) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  330. ^ Space Test Program-H2-Atmospheric Neutral Density Experiment (STP-H2-ANDE) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  331. ^ DEBris In Orbit Evaluator - 2 (DEBIE-2) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  332. ^ EuTEF Thermometer (EuTemp) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  333. ^ Earth Viewing Camera (EVC) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  334. ^ Activation and Test Downlink of HDTV System (JAXA-HDTV) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  335. ^ Particle Flux Demonstrator (Particle_Flux) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  336. ^ Tribology Laboratory (TriboLab) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-04-26 at the Wayback Machine.
  337. ^ NASA - Observing the Earth and Educational Activities Archived 2010-03-16 at the Wayback Machine.. Nasa.gov (2010-07-31). Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  338. ^ Agricultural Camera (AgCam) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2009-04-04 at the Wayback Machine.
  339. ^ Crew Earth Observations (CEO) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-09-14 at the Wayback Machine.
  340. ^ Crew Earth Observations - International Polar Year (CEO-IPY) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  341. ^ Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer - 02 (AMS-02) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  342. ^ Escobedo, V.M. Jr. (2018-05-23). "Neutron Star Interior Composition Explorer (NICER)". Space Station Research & Technology. NASA. Retrieved 2018-05-26.
  343. ^ DOSimetry TELescopes (DOSTEL) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  344. ^ Flux (Phi) Probe EXperiment - Time resolved Measurement of Atomic Oxygen (FIPEX) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  345. ^ HICO and RAIDS Experiment Payload - Hyperspectral Imager for the Coastal Ocean (HREP-HICO) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-23 at the Wayback Machine.
  346. ^ HICO and RAIDS Experiment Payload - Remote Atmospheric and Ionospheric Detection System (RAIDS) (HREP-RAIDS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-23 at the Wayback Machine.
  347. ^ RaDI-N (RaDI-N) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  348. ^ NASA - Results from ISS Operations Archived 2010-03-16 at the Wayback Machine.. Nasa.gov (2010-07-31). Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  349. ^ Science of Opportunity (Saturday_Morning_Science) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  350. ^ Amateur Radio on the International Space Station (ARISS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-04-26 at the Wayback Machine.
  351. ^ Education - How Solar Cells Work (Education-Solar_Cells) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  352. ^ International Space Station Inflight Education Downlinks (Inflight_Education_Downlinks) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  353. ^ Anomalous Long Term Effects in Astronauts' - Dosimetry (ALTEA-Dosi) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  354. ^ International Space Station Acoustic Measurement Program (ISS_Acoustics) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  355. ^ Clinical Nutrition Assessment of ISS Astronauts, SMO-016E (Clinical_Nutrition_Assessment) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  356. ^ International Space Station Zero-Propellant Maneuver (ZPM) Demonstration (ZPM) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2008-10-05 at the Wayback Machine.
  357. ^ Analysis of International Space Station Plasma Interaction (Plasma_Interaction_Model) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  358. ^ Validation of On-Orbit Methodology for the Assessment of Cardiac Function and Changes in the Circulating Volume Using Ultrasound and Braslet-M Occlusion Cuffs, SDTO 17011 U/R (Braslet) Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine. (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  359. ^ Component Repair Experiment - 1, SDTO 17012U (CRE-1) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  360. ^ Soldering in Reduced Gravity Experiment, SDTO 17003-U (SoRGE) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  361. ^ Solid State Lighting Module, SDTO 15008U (SSLM) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  362. ^ Periodic Fitness Evaluation with Oxygen Uptake Measurement (PFE-OUM) (ISS Experiment) - NASA Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  363. ^ S.P. Korolev RSC Energia - International Space Station. Energia.ru (2000-11-02). Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  364. ^ Human Life Research on ISS Russian Segment - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  365. ^ Sprut-MBI (ISS Experiment)] - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  366. ^ Parodont (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  367. ^ Cardio-ODNT (ISS Experiment)- S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  368. ^ Mass Transfer (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  369. ^ Prognos (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  370. ^ Brados (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  371. ^ Farma (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  372. ^ Poligen (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  373. ^ Diurez (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia[permanent dead link]
  374. ^ Biotest (ISS Experiment)- S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  375. ^ Biotest-1 (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  376. ^ Profilaktika (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  377. ^ Pulse (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  378. ^ BIMS (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  379. ^ Biorisk (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  380. ^ Rastenia-2 (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia[permanent dead link]
  381. ^ Pilot (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  382. ^ Intercellular Interaction (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  383. ^ Gematologia (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  384. ^ Plasmida (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  385. ^ Statokonia (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  386. ^ Regeneratsia (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  387. ^ Akvarium (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  388. ^ Sonokard (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  389. ^ Vzaimodeystviye (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  390. ^ Dykhanie (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  391. ^ Pneumocard (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  392. ^ Rastenia (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  393. ^ Tipologia (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  394. ^ Geophysical Research - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  395. ^ Uragan (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  396. ^ Relaksatsia (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  397. ^ Molnyia-SM (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  398. ^ Vsplesk (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  399. ^ Impuls (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  400. ^ Plazma-Progress (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  401. ^ Plazma-MKS (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  402. ^ Ten’-Mayak (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  403. ^ Earth Resources Sensing - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  404. ^ Diatomeya (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  405. ^ Volny (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  406. ^ Rusalka (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  407. ^ Seiner (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  408. ^ Ekon (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  409. ^ Space Biotechnology - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  410. ^ CPCF-2 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  411. ^ Mimetik-K (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  412. ^ Biodegradation (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  413. ^ Conjugation (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  414. ^ MSK (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  415. ^ KAF (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  416. ^ Vaktsina-K (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  417. ^ Bioekologia (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  418. ^ Interleukin-K (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  419. ^ Bioemulsia (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  420. ^ Glikoproteid (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  421. ^ Biotrek (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  422. ^ Antigen (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  423. ^ Lactolen (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  424. ^ ARIL (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  425. ^ OChB (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  426. ^ Astrovaktsina (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  427. ^ Zhenshen-2 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  428. ^ Kaskad (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  429. ^ BIF (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  430. ^ Bakteriofag (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  431. ^ Structura (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  432. ^ Konstanta (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  433. ^ Technical Research - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  434. ^ Tenzor (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  435. ^ Iskazhenye (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  436. ^ Privyazka (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  437. ^ Identificatsia (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  438. ^ Izgib (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  439. ^ Infrazvuk-M (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  440. ^ Meteoroid (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  441. ^ Vektor-T (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  442. ^ Scorpion (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  443. ^ Kromka (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  444. ^ Acoustika-M (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  445. ^ Toksichnost (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  446. ^ Radioskaf (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  447. ^ Sreda-MKS (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  448. ^ Infotekh (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  449. ^ Kontur (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  450. ^ Veterok (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  451. ^ BAR (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  452. ^ Expert (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  453. ^ Contract Activities - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  454. ^ GTS (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  455. ^ GTS-2 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  456. ^ Vzglyad (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  457. ^ Biosfera (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  458. ^ LEGO (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  459. ^ Popular Mechanics (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  460. ^ MPAC & SEED (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  461. ^ HDTV (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  462. ^ Starmail (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  463. ^ GCF-JAXA (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  464. ^ ROKVISS (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  465. ^ Neurocog (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  466. ^ Cardiocog (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  467. ^ Neurocog-3 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  468. ^ JAXA 3DPC (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  469. ^ JAXA 3DPC-2 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  470. ^ SCN (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  471. ^ Cardiocog-4 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  472. ^ NOA (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  473. ^ IMMUNO (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  474. ^ Golf (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  475. ^ Myocite (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  476. ^ Stroma (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  477. ^ Amphybody (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  478. ^ Tubul (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  479. ^ MIA (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  480. ^ NKA (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  481. ^ Bioculture (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  482. ^ Altcriss (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  483. ^ Cult (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  484. ^ Sample-LDM (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  485. ^ AT-SPACE (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  486. ^ BIOKIN 4 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  487. ^ PKINASE (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  488. ^ EXPOSE-R (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  489. ^ Pille-Simonyi-2 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  490. ^ Sample (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  491. ^ Study of Cosmic Rays - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  492. ^ Platan (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  493. ^ BTN-Neutron (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  494. ^ Matryoshka-R (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  495. ^ Educational and Humanitarian Projects - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  496. ^ Kolibry Project (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  497. ^ Konstructor Project (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  498. ^ MATI-75 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  499. ^ MAI-75 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  500. ^ Fizika-Obrazovanie (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  501. ^ Space Technology and Material Science - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  502. ^ SVS (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  503. ^ Kristallizator (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  504. ^ PKE-Nefedov extended research programme Growth of particles under microgravity conditions - ESA
  505. ^ PKE Nefedov - MPE
  506. ^ Plasma crystal research on the ISS (PK-3 Plus) - ESA
  507. ^ PK-3 Plus - MPE
  508. ^ Plasma crystal research on the ISS (PK-3 Plus) - ESA
  509. ^ Foreign Programs - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  510. ^ Banks, Dave (2011-04-28). "Space Shuttle Endeavour Launches Tomorrow With a Special Payload". Wired News. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
  511. ^ Eaton, Kit (2011-04-29). "Space Shuttle Endeavour: Made Of Spare Parts". Fast Company. Retrieved 2 May 2011.

External links