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Sauveterre-de-Guyenne

Sauveterre-de-Guyenne
The church of Saint-Romain-de-Vignague in Sauveterre-de-Guyenne
The church of Saint-Romain-de-Vignague in Sauveterre-de-Guyenne
Coat of arms of Sauveterre-de-Guyenne
Coat of arms
Location of Sauveterre-de-Guyenne
Sauveterre-de-Guyenne is located in France
Sauveterre-de-Guyenne
Sauveterre-de-Guyenne
Sauveterre-de-Guyenne is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Sauveterre-de-Guyenne
Sauveterre-de-Guyenne
Coordinates: 44°41′37″N 0°05′06″W / 44.6936°N 0.085°W / 44.6936; -0.085
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentGironde
ArrondissementLangon
CantonLe Réolais et Les Bastides
IntercommunalityPays de Sauveterre-de-Guyenne
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Yves d'Amécourt
Area
1
31.75 km2 (12.26 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
1,811
 • Density57/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
33506 /33540
Elevation38–107 m (125–351 ft)
(avg. 82 m or 269 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Sauveterre-de-Guyenne (Gascon: Sauvatèrra de Guiana) is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Toponymy

Before 1896, Sauveterre-de-Guyenne was better known as Sauveterre-de Bazadais. This Bastide was built in a small village called "Athala" and was first named Salva-Terra (Salvation of the land), which later became Saubeterre and then Sauveterre.

History

Sauveterre-de-Guyenne was founded as an English Bastide in 1281 by King Edward I of England, in the name of ending rivalries among the lords. He signed the "Charte des Coutumes de la Cité" in 1283, which protected the inhabitants and set the rules of life in the village community.

Structure

Sauveterre-de-Guyenne is a very well maintained Bastide, having the typical Bastide 'grid' layout.[2] The entry points into the city were through four stone tower gates. The central market square is surrounded by stone houses and the typical arcades on the ground floor, full of shops. The Church of Notre Dame is located at the top of the square.

Population[3]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1793 600—    
1800 545−9.2%
1806 588+7.9%
1821 589+0.2%
1831 734+24.6%
1836 713−2.9%
1841 757+6.2%
1846 830+9.6%
1851 823−0.8%
1856 837+1.7%
1861 850+1.6%
1866 844−0.7%
1872 838−0.7%
1876 849+1.3%
1881 825−2.8%
1886 735−10.9%
1891 786+6.9%
1896 976+24.2%
1901 744−23.8%
1906 799+7.4%
1911 737−7.8%
1921 733−0.5%
1926 730−0.4%
1931 736+0.8%
1936 756+2.7%
1946 695−8.1%
1954 701+0.9%
1962 659−6.0%
1968 1,681+155.1%
1975 1,557−7.4%
1982 1,644+5.6%
1990 1,715+4.3%
1999 1,793+4.5%
2008 1,801+0.4%

Twin towns - sister cities

Town State/Region Country
Olite  Navarre  Spain[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ "An Introduction to Bastides (PPT), at About The Bastides". John Reps Collection. Cornell University Library. Retrieved 14 June 2016.
  3. ^ "INSEE - National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies - France". www.insee.fr. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "Olite and Sauveterre make contact again" the two towns are twinned since July 31, 1988. olite.com.es Archived September 18, 2016, at the Wayback Machine

References