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Sankarankovil

Sankarankovil

Punnai Vanam, Sankarankoil
Town
Nickname(s): 
Sangai
Sankarankovil is located in Tamil Nadu
Sankarankovil
Sankarankovil
Location in [[Tenkasi district]],Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 9°10′N 77°33′E / 9.16°N 77.55°E / 9.16; 77.55
CountryIndia
StateTamil Nadu
District[Tenkasi dt.]
TalukSankarankoil taluk
Founded byUkkira Pandiya Raja
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodySankarankoil Municipality
 • Municipality chairmanKannan
 • SankarankovilV.M.Rajalakshmi (Adi Dravidar and Tribal Welfare Minister)
Elevation
143 m (469 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total57,277
Languages
 • OfficialTamil
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
627756
Telephone code+91 – 4636
Vehicle registrationTN-79 (Sankarankovil RTO)
Websitewww.sankarankovil.in
1st Grade Municipality

Sankarankovil is one of the largest municipality in the Tenkasi district , in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It was formerly called Sankaranayinarkoil (சங்கரநயினார்கோவில்). Sankarankovil is home to the Sankara Narayanar temple .

History

Sanknarankovil is home to the Sankara Nayanar temple, which was built by Ugra Pandiyan BC 900[clarify] and houses the deity by the name Sankara Narayanan, which is half Shiva and the other half Vishnu. According to folklore, the devotees of Hari (Vishnu) and Shiva once quarreled with each other to determine which god was more powerful, until Shiva appeared as Sankaranarayanar to show his devotees that Hari and Shiva were one and the same. Thus, it is held sacred by Saivites and those Hindus who believe that Shiva and Vishnu are a single deity. Srivaishnavites of Tamil Nadu who worship Vishnu only do not accept this and hence reject the temple. The deities of the temple are Sri Sankareswarar, Gomathi Amman and Sri Sankara Narayanar. Sankarankovil is also said to be home to the deity named Avudai Ambal.

In older times, the city was called as Sankaranayinarkoil. It is also noted for the "Adi Thabasu" festival.

The general belief is that the Holy Sand "Puttrumann" (Puttru = Ant Hill, Mann = Sand) that one gets from this temple is capable of curing all the diseases. Devotees believe that Sankarankovil's Nagachunai (sacred tank) have been dug by serpent kings named Paduman and Sangam which has a miraculous power to heal those who bath there. Once, a "Devan" (Angel) called "Manikkeerivan" was cursed by the goddess Parvathi. Because of which, he had to come to earth and work as gardener in a beautiful garden. One day while he was clearing a snake pit, the snake tail was also cut. He found a Sivalingam next to the snake. He went and informed about this to his king "Ugra Pandiyan". The king considered it to be the god's wish to stay there and constructed the temple and a city around it.

The snake pit (Ant Hill) is called "Vanmeekam" (Tamil: வன்மீகம்). Hence the deity Sri Sankaralingar is also called "Vanmeeganadhar" (Tamil: வன்மீகநாதர்)

Sankaranarayanar koil, Sankarankoil, Tenkasi district

The town is known in Tamil Nadu for its sheep-based Sankarankovil Biryani (சங்கரன்கோவில் பிரியாணி).[citation needed]

Education

In 2018, the Government announced that Sankarankovil will be a new educational district.[citation needed]

The city has several educational institutions:

  • A.V Higher Secondary School, Sankarankovil
  • AVK International Residential School, Sankarankovil
  • AVK Memorial Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Sankarankovil
  • VEL'S Public School, Sankarankovil
  • Sri Vaiyapuri Vidyalaya Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Sankarankovil
  • St . Joseph Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Sankarankovil
  • Sri Gomathi Ambal Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Sankarankovil
  • Sri Mahalakshmi Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Sankarankovil
  • Annai Velankanni ( AV ) Higher Secondary School, Sankarankovil
  • Annai Theresa Nursery and Primary School, Sankarankovil
  • Mahathma Nursery and Primary School, Sankarankovil
  • Angel Higher Secondary School, Sankarankovil
  • Sankaranarayana Play School, Sankarankovil
  • Mahathma Nursery and Primary School, Sankarankovil
  • Gomathi Sankar Nursery and Primary School, Sankarankovil
  • Sankaranarayanar Nursery and Primary School, Sankarankovil
  • Siva Nursery and Primary School, Sankarankovil
  • Sri Ramachandra Nursery and Primary School, Sankarankovil
  • 36 Grama Senaithalaivar Higher Secondary School, Sankarankovil
  • 24 Manai Thelungu Chettiyar Higher Secondary School, Sankarankovil
  • Sengunthar Higher Secondary School, Sankarankovil
  • Seventh Day Adventist Matriculation School, Sankarankovil
  • SNR Higher Secondary School, Sankarankovil
  • Sri Gomathi Ambal Government Boys Higher Secondary School, Sankarankovil
  • Sri Gomathi Ambal Government Girls Higher Secondary School, Sankarankovil
  • Vaniga Vysya Sangam Higher Secondary School, Sankarankovil
  • Jaya Matha Nursery and Primary School, Sankarankovil
  • Royal City Modern English School, Sankarankovil
  • Vivekanandha Nursery and Primary School, Sankarankovil
  • A.P.C Veerabaghu Nursery and Primary School, Sankarankovil
  • Imam Ghazali Oriental Matriculation School, Sankarankovil

Politics

Sankarankovil (State Assembly Constituency) is a part of Tenkasi (Lok Sabha constituency).[2]

Elections contested:

Year Status Place Name Elected AS
2011 Elected Sankarankovil C. Karuppasamy (Minister) up to 22 October 2011 Minister ADMK
March 2012 Elected Sankarankovil S. Muthuselvi MLA ADMK
May 2016 Elected Sankarankovil V. M. Rajalakshmi Minister of Adi Dravidar and Tribal Welfare

Demographics

According to 2011 census, Sankarankoil had a population of 70, 574 with a sex-ratio of 1,012 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[3] A total of 5,660 were under the age of six, constituting 2,867 males and 2,793 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 22.47% and .3% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 74.9%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[3] The town had a total of 14536 households. There were a total of 24,064 workers, comprising 493 cultivators, 2,003 main agricultural labourers, 2,245 in house hold industries, 17,190 other workers, 2,133 marginal workers, 34 marginal cultivators, 247 marginal agricultural labourers, 413 marginal workers in household industries and 1,439 other marginal workers.[4]

Transport

Neighbouring cities & towns

Air

The nearest international airport is Madurai which is 120 km away from Sankarankovil. It is linked with Chennai, Sri Lanka, Singapore and other major cities of India. The other nearest international airport is located in Trivandrum. It is 148 km away from Sankarankovil. Tuticorin (IATA: TCR, ICAO: VOTK) is a domestic airport located 95.4 km from Sankarankovil and SpiceJet serves Tuticorin with two flights from Chennai.

Road

Sankarankovil has two bus stands. The main bus stand is near the Sankarankovil Municipality office, and is also called the Anna Bus Stand. The new bus stand is nearby to the Sankarankovil Taluk office, and is also called the Thanthai Periyar New Bus Stand.

Sankarankovil is situated at the intersection of State Highways 41 and 76. Also it is situated near National Highways 07 and 208.

The main bus routes are to cities / towns like Tirunelveli, Madurai, Tuticorin, Nagercoil, Trichy / Tenkasi, Rajapalayam, Srivilliputhur, Sivakasi, Surandai, Kalugumalai, Thiruvenkatam, Valliyur, Courtallam, Shencottah, Aryankavu, Ambasamudram, Kanyakumari, Tiruchendur, Rameshwaram, Tirumangalam, Aruppukottai, Kovilpatti, Sivagiri, Kayathar, Sattur, Nanguneri, Ettaiyapuram, Karivalamvandha Nallur and so on. Sankarankovil has state transport (SETC) bus routes to Kodaikanal, Munnar, Madurai, Chennai, Coimbatore, Trichy, Palakkad, Calicut, Dindigul, Hosur and so on.

Railway

There are three daily passenger trains Madurai to Shencottah through Sankarankovil. Also there are three daily passenger trains Shencottah to Madurai through Sankarankovil. Also there is daily two express trains. One is Chennai to Shencottah through Sankarankovil . Also there is Shencottah to Chennai through Sankarankovil.

Municipality

Sankarankovil includes many localities, including Karivalamvandha Nallur, Gomathi Nagar, Gomathiyapuram Nagar, Ramasamiapuram, Sangupuram Nagar, Lakshmiyapuram Nagar, Vadukkupudhur, Therkku Sankarankovil, NGO Colony, Ezhil Nagar, and Mullai Nagar.

Sankarankovil RTO

Sankarankovil RTO was opened by chief minister Ms. J. Jayalalitha Jayaram via video conference.

Notable people from Sankarankovil

Economy

There are many industries in Sankarankovil. Apart from agri business, this town is well known for its textiles. Nearly 4000 powerlooms are directly involved in producing various kinds of textile products like terry towels, cotton saris, lungies, handkerchiefs, vinayakar towels, etc. The produced products are marketed all over India directly. Subbulapuram, a village 14 km away from the city Sankarankovil, is popularly known as "Terry City", as ter towls8 fro Sankarankovilare manufactured there. Perumbathur, a village 6 km away from Sankarankovil, is popularly known as "Flower City"; jasmine flowers are grown there.From Sankarankoil 7 km near by Sathirakondan Village produces more no of flowers and Paddy every year

References

  1. ^ [www.censusindia.gov.in]
  2. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 May 2006. Retrieved 13 October 2008.
  3. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  4. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals – Sankarankoil". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.