Punnai Vanam, Sankarankoil
|Founded by||Ukkira Pandiya Raja|
|• Body||Sankarankoil Municipality|
|• Municipality chairman||Kannan|
|• Sankarankovil||V.M.Rajalakshmi (Adi Dravidar and Tribal Welfare Minister)|
|Elevation||143 m (469 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Telephone code||+91 – 4636|
|Vehicle registration||TN-79 (Sankarankovil RTO)|
|1st Grade Municipality|
Sankarankovil is one of the largest municipality in the Tenkasi district , in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It was formerly called Sankaranayinarkoil (சங்கரநயினார்கோவில்). Sankarankovil is home to the Sankara Narayanar temple .
Sanknarankovil is home to the Sankara Nayanar temple, which was built by Ugra Pandiyan clarify] and houses the deity by the name Sankara Narayanan, which is half Shiva and the other half Vishnu. According to folklore, the devotees of Hari (Vishnu) and Shiva once quarreled with each other to determine which god was more powerful, until Shiva appeared as Sankaranarayanar to show his devotees that Hari and Shiva were one and the same. Thus, it is held sacred by Saivites and those Hindus who believe that Shiva and Vishnu are a single deity. Srivaishnavites of Tamil Nadu who worship Vishnu only do not accept this and hence reject the temple. The deities of the temple are Sri Sankareswarar, Gomathi Amman and Sri Sankara Narayanar. Sankarankovil is also said to be home to the deity named Avudai Ambal.[
In older times, the city was called as Sankaranayinarkoil. It is also noted for the "Adi Thabasu" festival.
The general belief is that the Holy Sand "Puttrumann" (Puttru = Ant Hill, Mann = Sand) that one gets from this temple is capable of curing all the diseases. Devotees believe that Sankarankovil's Nagachunai (sacred tank) have been dug by serpent kings named Paduman and Sangam which has a miraculous power to heal those who bath there. Once, a "Devan" (Angel) called "Manikkeerivan" was cursed by the goddess Parvathi. Because of which, he had to come to earth and work as gardener in a beautiful garden. One day while he was clearing a snake pit, the snake tail was also cut. He found a Sivalingam next to the snake. He went and informed about this to his king "Ugra Pandiyan". The king considered it to be the god's wish to stay there and constructed the temple and a city around it.
In 2018, the Government announced that Sankarankovil will be a new educational district.
The city has several educational institutions:
|2011||Elected||Sankarankovil||C. Karuppasamy||(Minister) up to 22 October 2011 Minister ADMK|
|March 2012||Elected||Sankarankovil||S. Muthuselvi||MLA ADMK|
|May 2016||Elected||Sankarankovil||V. M. Rajalakshmi||Minister of Adi Dravidar and Tribal Welfare|
According to 2011 census, Sankarankoil had a population of 70, 574 with a sex-ratio of 1,012 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. A total of 5,660 were under the age of six, constituting 2,867 males and 2,793 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 22.47% and .3% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 74.9%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. The town had a total of 14536 households. There were a total of 24,064 workers, comprising 493 cultivators, 2,003 main agricultural labourers, 2,245 in house hold industries, 17,190 other workers, 2,133 marginal workers, 34 marginal cultivators, 247 marginal agricultural labourers, 413 marginal workers in household industries and 1,439 other marginal workers.
The nearest international airport is Madurai which is 120 km away from Sankarankovil. It is linked with Chennai, Sri Lanka, Singapore and other major cities of India. The other nearest international airport is located in Trivandrum. It is 148 km away from Sankarankovil. Tuticorin (IATA: TCR, ICAO: VOTK) is a domestic airport located 95.4 km from Sankarankovil and SpiceJet serves Tuticorin with two flights from Chennai.
Sankarankovil has two bus stands. The main bus stand is near the Sankarankovil Municipality office, and is also called the Anna Bus Stand. The new bus stand is nearby to the Sankarankovil Taluk office, and is also called the Thanthai Periyar New Bus Stand.
Sankarankovil is situated at the intersection of State Highways 41 and 76. Also it is situated near National Highways 07 and 208.
The main bus routes are to cities / towns like Tirunelveli, Madurai, Tuticorin, Nagercoil, Trichy / Tenkasi, Rajapalayam, Srivilliputhur, Sivakasi, Surandai, Kalugumalai, Thiruvenkatam, Valliyur, Courtallam, Shencottah, Aryankavu, Ambasamudram, Kanyakumari, Tiruchendur, Rameshwaram, Tirumangalam, Aruppukottai, Kovilpatti, Sivagiri, Kayathar, Sattur, Nanguneri, Ettaiyapuram, Karivalamvandha Nallur and so on. Sankarankovil has state transport (SETC) bus routes to Kodaikanal, Munnar, Madurai, Chennai, Coimbatore, Trichy, Palakkad, Calicut, Dindigul, Hosur and so on.
There are three daily passenger trains Madurai to Shencottah through Sankarankovil. Also there are three daily passenger trains Shencottah to Madurai through Sankarankovil. Also there is daily two express trains. One is Chennai to Shencottah through Sankarankovil . Also there is Shencottah to Chennai through Sankarankovil.
Sankarankovil includes many localities, including Karivalamvandha Nallur, Gomathi Nagar, Gomathiyapuram Nagar, Ramasamiapuram, Sangupuram Nagar, Lakshmiyapuram Nagar, Vadukkupudhur, Therkku Sankarankovil, NGO Colony, Ezhil Nagar, and Mullai Nagar.
Sankarankovil RTO was opened by chief minister Ms. J. Jayalalitha Jayaram via video conference.
There are many industries in Sankarankovil. Apart from agri business, this town is well known for its textiles. Nearly 4000 powerlooms are directly involved in producing various kinds of textile products like terry towels, cotton saris, lungies, handkerchiefs, vinayakar towels, etc. The produced products are marketed all over India directly. Subbulapuram, a village 14 km away from the city Sankarankovil, is popularly known as "Terry City", as ter towls8 fro Sankarankovilare manufactured there. Perumbathur, a village 6 km away from Sankarankovil, is popularly known as "Flower City"; jasmine flowers are grown there.From Sankarankoil 7 km near by Sathirakondan Village produces more no of flowers and Paddy every year