|Birth name||Alexander Bennett Carmichael|
|Date of birth||2 February 1944|
|Height||6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)|
|Weight||98 kg (216 lb)|
|Rugby union career|
Alexander Bennett Carmichael MBE (born 2 February 1944) was a tighthead prop forward who played for West of Scotland F.C. and earned 50 caps in the Scotland national rugby union team from 1967 to 1978, which was a record for a Scottish forward at the time. He played for the British and Irish Lions on the 1971 tour to New Zealand, but was invalided out of the tour in Canterbury, after multiple punches by the opposition fractured his cheekbone.
Carmichael was part of the West of Scotland team in the 1970s - a powerhouse in UK rugby, averaging 10 internationalists in the team per season, and dominating the domestic league with West's great rivals, Hawick RFC. Carmichael charged down a drop out and returned for a score in a memorable 32-6 victory against Hawick to win the league in 1973.
Carmichael is mainly remembered for being the victim of violence in the 1971 tour where he received five fractures of the cheekbone, yet still played until final whistle. The match was described as an extremely violent match and often referred to as the Battle of Canterbury. The referee at one point told the captains that from that moment onwards he was going to follow the ball and it was up to them to sort out anything else.
Expected to be the first choice tighthead prop for the test team, Carmichael was forced to leave the tour following the Canterbury game. His place in the test team was taken by Irishman Sean Lynch. Carmichael also went on the 1974 tour to South Africa, but did not make the test side. He was awarded an MBE in the 1977 Silver Jubilee and Birthday Honours.