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Official seal of Sanandaj
Sanandaj is located in Iran
Coordinates: 35°18′52″N 46°59′32″E / 35.31444°N 46.99222°E / 35.31444; 46.99222
Country  Iran
Province Kurdistan
County Sanandaj
Bakhsh Central
 • Mayor Heshmatollah Seydi
 • City 3,033 km2 (1,171 sq mi)
Elevation 1,538 m (5,046 ft)
Population (2016 census)
 • Urban 412,767
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Area code(s) 087
Climate Csa

Sanandaj About this sound pronunciation  (Kurdish: سنەSine; Persian: سنندج‎) is the capital of Kurdistan Province in Iran. With a population of 414,069,[1] Sanandaj is the twenty third largest city in Iran and the second largest Kurdish city. Sanandaj's founding is fairly recent, (about 200 years ago), yet under its short existence it has grown to become a center of Kurdish culture.[2][3]


The population of Sanandaj is mainly Kurdish. The city also had an Armenian minority who gradually emigrated from the city. Until the Iranian Revolution (1979), the city had a small Aramaic-speaking Jewish community of about 4,000 people.[2] The city boasted a sizable Assyrian community that spoke a unique dialect of Aramaic called Senaya. The economy of Sanandaj is based upon the production of carpets, processed hides and skins, milled rice, refined sugar, woodworking, cotton weaving, metalware and cutlery.[4][5]

Most of the people of Sanandaj follow the Shafi branch Sunni Islam.[6]

The Ardalani dialect of Kurdish is spoken in Sanandaj and its surroundings. Ardalani dialect is distinct to Kurdistan province and is spoken in Sanandaj and other cities of Kurdistan province. The other important dialect of Sorani Kurdish is Mokriani which is spoken in Mokrian region in the cities of Piranshahr and Mahabad in West Azerbaijan province.

Under the Iranian revolution PDKI and Komalah took control over the city under a brief period of time. [7]


  1. ^ "آمار جمعیتی شهرستان سنندج :: فرمانداری سنندج". 
  2. ^ a b Geoffrey Khan, The Jewish Neo-Aramaic Dialect of Sanandaj, Piscataway NJ: Gorgias Press, p. 1.
  3. ^ Sanandaj Encyclopædia Britannica, retrieved 16 July 2014.
  4. ^ "کردستان از نظر نرخ بیکاری در جایگاه دوم کشور قرار گرفت". Retrieved 2016-05-14. 
  5. ^ "سرمایه‌گذاری در صنعت و معدن کردستان، 4 برابر کمتر از متوسط کشوری است". Retrieved 2016-05-14. 
  6. ^ []
  7. ^ "Azad - Fan Lexikon". (in German). Retrieved 2017-10-27. 

External links