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Người Sán Dìu (𠊛山由)
|Regions with significant populations|
|Yue Chinese, Vietnamese, Pinghua|
Predominantly Mahayana Buddhism|
Taoism, Catholicism and Evangelicalism
|Related ethnic groups|
|Chinese Vietnamese, Yao people|
The Sán Dìu (also known as San Deo, Trai, Trai Dat and Man Quan Coc; Chinese: 山由族; pinyin: Shān yóu zú; Jyutping: saan1 jau4 zuk6; Cantonese Yale: Sanyau Juk; Chữ nôm: 𠊛山由; Vietnamese alphabet: Người Sán Dìu) is a Yao ethnic group in northern Vietnam who speak Yue Chinese (Cantonese), a Chinese language. Although the Vietnamese government classifies San Diu as an independent group, San Diu people are originally a part of Chinese people in Vietnam. They are believed to have migrated from Guangdong, China around 1600.
The group's estimated population as of 2000 was 117,500; a 2009 estimate put the number at 146,821. They speak a variant of Cantonese, and it is suggested that some still speak Iu Mien. The major religions are Mahayana Buddhism and Taoism, with elements of animism and veneration of the dead. About 400 are adherents of the Catholic Church; a few are evangelical Protestants. This ethnic group is mainly concentrated in Quảng Ninh Province.
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