Samuel R. Caldwell
A photo of Caldwell after his arrest
|Born||February 11, 1880|
|Died||June 24, 1941(aged 61)|
|Criminal penalty||Fined $1,000 and 4 years hard labor|
Samuel Caldwell was born on February 11, 1880. He was arrested on October 23, 1937, one day after the Marijuana Tax Act went into effect. He was released from prison in 1940. Caldwell died on June 24, 1941.
On the day the Marijuana Tax Stamp Act was enacted -- Oct. 2, 1937 -- the FBI and Denver, Colo., police raided the Lexington Hotel and arrested Samuel R. Caldwell, 58, an unemployed labourer and Moses Baca, 26. On Oct. 5, Caldwell went into the history trivia books as the first marijuana seller convicted under U.S. federal law. His customer, Baca, was found guilty of possession.