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Sames II Theosebes Dikaios

Samos II Theosebes Dikaios
King of Commagene
Reign130–109 BC
PredecessorPtolemaeus of Commagene
SuccessorMithridates I Callinicus
SpousePythodoris
IssueMithridates I Callinicus
DynastyOrontid Dynasty
FatherPtolemaeus of Commagene

Sames or Samos II Theosebes Dikaios (Greek: Σάμος Θεοσεβής Δίκαιος – died 109 BC) was the second king of Commagene. Of Iranian[1] descent, he was the son and successor of Ptolemaeus of Commagene.

Sames reigned as king between 130–109 BC. During his reign, Sames ordered the construction of the fortress at Samosata which is now submerged by water from the Atatürk Dam.[2] Sames died in 109 BC. His wife was Pythodoris, daughter of the Kings of Pontus, and his son and successor was Mithridates I Callinicus.

Preceded by
Ptolemaeus of Commagene
King of Commagene
130 BC – ca. 109 BC
Succeeded by
Mithridates I Callinicus

References

Sources

  • Babaie, Sussan; Grigor, Talinn (2015). Persian Kingship and Architecture: Strategies of Power in Iran from the Achaemenids to the Pahlavis. I.B.Tauris. pp. 1–288. ISBN 9780857734778.
  • Erskine, Andrew; Llewellyn-Jones, Lloyd; Wallace, Shane (2017). The Hellenistic Court: Monarchic Power and Elite Society from Alexander to Cleopatra. The Classical Press of Wales. ISBN 978-1910589625.
  • Garsoian, Nina (2005). "Tigran II". Encyclopaedia Iranica.
  • Marciak, Michał (2017). Sophene, Gordyene, and Adiabene: Three Regna Minora of Northern Mesopotamia Between East and West. BRILL. ISBN 9789004350724.
  • Sartre, Maurice (2005). The Middle East Under Rome. Harvard University Press. ISBN 9780674016835.