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Saint-Estèphe, Gironde

Saint-Estèphe
A general view of Saint-Estèphe
A general view of Saint-Estèphe
Coat of arms of Saint-Estèphe
Coat of arms
Location of Saint-Estèphe
Saint-Estèphe is located in France
Saint-Estèphe
Saint-Estèphe
Saint-Estèphe is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Saint-Estèphe
Saint-Estèphe
Coordinates: 45°15′55″N 0°46′15″W / 45.2653°N 0.7708°W / 45.2653; -0.7708
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentGironde
ArrondissementLesparre-Médoc
CantonLe Nord-Médoc
IntercommunalityCentre Médoc
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Michelle Saintout
Area
1
23.54 km2 (9.09 sq mi)
Population
 (2017-01-01)[1]
1,615
 • Density69/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
33395 /33180
Elevation0–31 m (0–102 ft)
(avg. 13 m or 43 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Saint-Estèphe (Gascon: Sent Estèfe) is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Geography

The village lies 60 km (37 mi) northwest of Bordeaux.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19622,120—    
19682,171+2.4%
19752,317+6.7%
19822,118−8.6%
19901,918−9.4%
19991,799−6.2%
20081,695−5.8%

Wine

Saint-Estèphe is best known as the northernmost, and one of the four major wine-growing appellations of the Médoc. The area is separated from Château Lafite-Rothschild in Pauillac to the south by the Jalle de Breuil stream and its vineyards cover around 12 km2 (4.6 sq mi) on the banks of the Gironde estuary. The grounds of St.-Estèphe are varied centered in Château Phélan-Ségur. To the south-east corner of the appellation area, they are similar to those of Pauillac, with deep gravels lying on a hard sandstone base. Progressively to the west and north, they get more clayey, less gravelly, and become heavier. In parts, veins of alios (a reduced form of iron) can be found.[2] The layers of gravel on top of clay lead to comparatively poor drainage, and the harvest is one of the latest of the whole region, although this water retention can be of use in vintages of low rainfall.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2017". INSEE. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  2. ^ Clive Coates MW in An Encyclopaedia Of The Wines And Domaines Of France, p. 68, Cassel & Co., 2000 - ISBN 0-304-35441-4