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Saint-Cloud

Saint-Cloud
Saint-Cloud above the Seine
Saint-Cloud above the Seine
Paris and inner ring départements
Paris and inner ring départements
Location of Saint-Cloud
Saint-Cloud is located in France
Saint-Cloud
Saint-Cloud
Paris and inner ring départements
Saint-Cloud is located in Île-de-France (region)
Saint-Cloud
Saint-Cloud
Saint-Cloud (Île-de-France (region))
Coordinates: 48°50′N 2°13′E / 48.84°N 2.22°E / 48.84; 2.22
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentHauts-de-Seine
ArrondissementNanterre
CantonSaint-Cloud
IntercommunalityGrand Paris
Government
 • Mayor (2005–2008) Éric Berdoati
Area
1
7.56 km2 (2.92 sq mi)
Population
(2006)2
29,981
 • Density4,000/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
92064 /92210
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Saint-Cloud (French pronunciation: ​[sɛ̃ klu]) is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 9.6 kilometres (6.0 miles) from the centre of Paris. Like other communes of the Hauts-de-Seine such as Marnes-la-Coquette, Neuilly-sur-Seine or Vaucresson, Saint-Cloud is one of the wealthiest towns in France, ranked 2nd in average household income among communities with 10- to 50-thousand tax households.[1]

History

Napoleon Bonaparte in the coup d'état of 18 Brumaire in Saint-Cloud, François Bouchot, 1840.

The town is named after Clodoald, grandson of Clovis, who is supposed to have sought refuge in a hamlet on the Seine near Paris, then named Novigentum, like many other newly founded mercantile settlements outside the traditional towns. After he was canonized, the village where his tomb was located took the name of Sanctus Clodoaldus.

A park contains the ruins of the Château de Saint-Cloud, built in 1572 and destroyed by fire in 1870, during the Franco-Prussian War. The château was the residence of several French rulers and served as the main country residence of the cadet Orléans line prior to the French Revolution. The palace was also the site of the coup d'état led by Napoleon Bonaparte that overthrew the French Directory in 1799.

The town is also famous for the Saint-Cloud porcelain produced there from 1693 to 1766.[2]

The Headquarters of the International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol) had been located at 22 Rue Armengaud from 1966 until 1989, when it moved to Lyon.

Main sights

The main landmarks are the park of the demolished Château de Saint-Cloud and the Pavillon de Breteuil. The Saint-Cloud Racecourse, a race track for Thoroughbred flat racing, was built by Edmond Blanc in 1901 and is host to a number of important races including the annual Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud.

Tribute to Santos-Dumont

Santos Dumont posing near the statue in his honour in 1913.

On the Avenue de Longchamp, in Saint-Cloud, there is a bronze statue commissioned by the Airclub of France representing the Greek god Icarus, in honour of Santos Dumont. The monument was inaugurated on October 19, 1913, and is located on a square near the old Aerostation of Saint-Cloud, where Santos Dumont performed his experiments with the heavier than air. Dumont was also responsible for the construction of the first hangar in the world in Saint-Cloud. Today there is a replica of it, in the same place, erected in 1952, because the original was destroyed to for its bronze during the Nazi military occupation.

Transport

Saint-Cloud is served by two stations on the Transilien La Défense and Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare suburban rail lines: Le Val d'Or and Saint-Cloud.

The town is also served by a number of stops on the T2 Tramway, which runs along the side of the Seine.

Central Saint-Cloud, known as le village, is also served by the metro station 'Boulogne-Pont de Saint-Cloud' (line 10), located across the Seine river on the Boulogne-Billancourt side of the Pont de Saint Cloud.

Education

Public high schools:

It is also served by the public high school Lycée Jean Pierre Vernant in Sèvres.[3]

Private high schools:

  • Institution Saint-Pie-X

International schools:

Personalities

Notable births

Notable residents

Notable burials

Twin towns

Saint-Cloud is twinned with:

In popular culture

Saint-Cloud is the main setting of the 1955 French film Les Diaboliques (a.k.a. Diabolique).[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ J. Paul Getty Museum. "Saint-Cloud Porcelain Manufactory". Retrieved 2008-01-13.
  3. ^ Home page. Lycée Jean Pierre Vernant. Retrieved on September 7, 2016. [...]qui relèvent de la zone de desserte du lycée ( communes de Sèvres, Ville d’Avray, Chaville, Saint -Cloud) [...]
  4. ^ "Get in contact Archived 2015-01-23 at the Wayback Machine.." Internationale Deutsche Schule Paris. Retrieved on 23 January 2015. "Postanschrift: 18 rue Pasteur F – 92210 SAINT CLOUD Besucheradresse: 12 rue Lelégard F – 92210 SAINT-CLOUD"
  5. ^ "Marine Le Pen, une riche propriétaire (comme son père)". Le Nouvel Observateur. January 27, 2016. Retrieved October 7, 2016.
  6. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-20.
  7. ^ Wood, Michael (2011-03-03). "At the Movies". 33 (5). London Review of Books: 23. Retrieved 2018-06-06.

External links