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Sahnaya

Sahnaya
صحنايا
Town
Sahnaya is located in Syria
Sahnaya
Sahnaya
Coordinates: 33°25′27″N 36°13′28″E / 33.42417°N 36.22444°E / 33.42417; 36.22444
Country Syria
GovernorateRif Dimashq Governorate
DistrictDarayya District
NahiyahSahnaya
Population (2004 census)[1]
 • Total13,993
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Sahnaya (Arabic: صحنايا‎, lso spelled Sihnaya or Sehnaya) is a town in southern Syria, administratively part of the Rif Dimashq Governorate, located southwest of Damascus in the western Ghouta. Nearby localities include Ashrafiyat Sahnaya, Darayya, Muadamiyat al-Sham, Jdeidat Artouz, Khan Danun and Al-Kiswah. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics, Sahnaya had a population of 13,993 in the 2004 census.[1] The town is also the administrative center of the Sahnaya nahiyah consisting of two towns with a combined population of 44,512.[1] Sahnaya is one of the few towns in the Ghouta with a majority Druze community, along with Jaramana, Ashrafiyat Sahnaya and Deir Ali.[2]

History

Sahnaya's residents are predominantly Druze and Greek Orthodox. The cavern of St. Paul near the town was supposedly the hiding place of Paul the Apostle when he was pursued in Damascus.[3] A former Greek Orthodox Metropolitan of Argentina, Malatios Alsweti, comes from Sahnaya. The town is also known for its old olive trees, some of which are around 500 years old.

Geography and population

Sahnaya has a rural population and a hot climate. Most houses are simple; they are mostly made of cement Because it is located in Damascus, one of the oldest cities in the world. Recently, due to the Syrian civil war, Sahnaya has hosted tens of thousands of the inhabitants of neighbouring Darayya and Al-Sabinah, who are mainly Sunni Muslims. The town has a church named after Saint Elijah and a Druze Mejlis ( religious council ).

Climate

In Sahnaya, there is a local steppe climate. Rainfall is higher in winter than in summer. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is BSk. The average annual temperature in Sahnaya is 17.0 °C (62.6 °F). About 217 mm (8.54 in) of precipitation falls annually.

Climate data for Sahnaya
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 12.1
(53.8)
13.9
(57)
17.7
(63.9)
22.6
(72.7)
28.4
(83.1)
33.1
(91.6)
35.2
(95.4)
35.6
(96.1)
31.9
(89.4)
27.0
(80.6)
20.0
(68)
14.3
(57.7)
24.3
(75.8)
Average low °C (°F) 2.3
(36.1)
3.0
(37.4)
5.3
(41.5)
8.4
(47.1)
12.1
(53.8)
15.4
(59.7)
16.9
(62.4)
17.2
(63)
14.5
(58.1)
11.5
(52.7)
7.2
(45)
4.1
(39.4)
9.8
(49.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 49
(1.93)
39
(1.54)
26
(1.02)
13
(0.51)
8
(0.31)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
8
(0.31)
29
(1.14)
45
(1.77)
217
(8.54)
Source: Climate-Data.org,Climate data

References

  1. ^ a b c General Census of Population and Housing 2004[permanent dead link]. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Rif Dimashq Governorate. (in Arabic)
  2. ^ Firro, Kais (1992). A History of the Druzes. 1. BRILL. p. 34. ISBN 9004094377.
  3. ^ Burckhard, 1822, p. 48.

Bibliography