This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.

Sah (god)

Orion Head to Toe.jpg
Sah was "The father of the gods" which was a personification of modern Orion and Lepus Constellations.
Name in hieroglyphs
ConsortSopdet (star Sirius)

In Egyptian mythology, Sah was the "Father of the gods" that was in turn the anthropomorphic representation of a large egyptian constellation that today is represented by the modern myths of Orion and Lepus constellations[1] (but also borrowing stars from modern Eridanus, Monoceros and Columba constellations[2][3]), and therefore was the egyptian counterpart of the Babylonian "Good Shepherd of Anu" or "Loyal Shepherd of Heaven" (Sumerian: MULSIPA.ZI.AN.NA, Akkadian: šitaddaru). His consort was Sopdet (Spdt, Sepedet) known by the ancient Greek name as Sothis[4], the goddess of the star Sirius (the "Dog star"). Sah came to be associated with a more important deity, Osiris, and Sopdet with Osiris's consort Isis.[5]

Sah was frequently mentioned as "the Father of Gods" in the Old Kingdom Pyramid texts. Pharaoh was thought to travel to Orion after his death.[5]


  1. ^ Shaltout, Belmonte (August 1, 2005). "On the Orientation of Ancient Egyptian Temples: (1) Upper Egypt and Lower Nubia". Journal for the History of Astronomy. 36 (3): 273–298. doi:10.1177/002182860503600302.
  2. ^ Belmonte, J. A (2003). Ad astra per aspera et per ludum: European archeoastronomy and the orientation of monuments in the Mediterranean basin - A map of the ancient Egyptian firmament (by Maravelia, A.-A. (BAR International Series, 1154) ed.). Oxford. pp. 31–38.
  3. ^ Belmonte, J.A (2003). Calendars, symbols and orientations: Legacies of astronomy in culture - The Ramesside star clocks and the ancient Egyptian constellations (Blomberg, M., Blomberg, P., Henrikson, G. (Stockholm, 2003) ed.).
  4. ^ "Sah and Sopdet (Sothis), the Egyptian Astral God and Goddess". Retrieved 2019-04-14.
  5. ^ a b Wilkinson, Richard H. (2003). The complete gods and goddesses of ancient Egypt. London: Thames & Hudson. p. 127. ISBN 978-0-500-05120-7.