Ruspe or Ruspae was a town in the Roman province of Byzacena, in . Africa propria It served as the  episcopal see of Saint Fulgentius of Ruspe. It is now a Roman Catholic titular bishopric.
The name "Ruspe" is usually understood to be a
hellenization of a Phoenician name including the element "rush" ( Punic: 𐤓𐤔, ), meaning "head" or "headland". RŠ
notes the Byzacenan towns of Tabula Peutingeriana Ruspina and Ruspe, the latter being to the south of the former.  Ptolemy's usually mentions the same two towns in the same order, Geography although Stevenson's defective English translation gives "Ruspina" and "Rheuspena".  The name "Ruspe", a  Greek feminine singular name, also appears in a list of dioceses that the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria saw as dependent on itself at the beginning of the 8th century. Henricus de Noris considered it equivalent to the  Latin Ruspa. "Ruspae", a Latin feminine plural name, was preferred by Alexander MacBean, William Smith,  Morcelli;  Mesnage,  and the  . Annuario Pontificio
According to the
, Ruspe was situated between Tabula Peutingeriana Acholla and Usilla. It was near the promontory that Ptolemy called Brachodes, the Romans' Caput Vadorum, later known as Capaudia or—in Arabic—Qaboudia   (cf.  Chebba).
Ruspe was commonly
 identified with the ruins known as Sbia or Henchir Sbia in present-day  Tunisia, four miles west of that cape. An alternative site is that of the ruins known as Ksour Siad.  In the mid-20th century, a new argument emerged in favour of Koudiat Rosfa, 30 kilometers north of  Sfax, because of the discovery in 1947 of an inscription at Henchir Bou Tria  that seems to identify that place with ancient Acholla.  (Saumagne had earlier proposed to identify it with Ruspe.)  A nearby headland is called Rass Bou Tria.  This identification of Acholla gives grounds for considering Ptolemy mistaken in placing Acholla and Usilla north of Cape Brachodes and for identifying Ruspe as Koudiat Rosfa, which is seen as having preserved the ancient name in an  Arabic form. Excavations at Koudiat Rosfa have not confirmed the perhaps flattering description applied to the city by Fulgentius's biographer Ferrandus: "a noble town illustrious for its famous inhabitants" (  Latin: nobile oppidum clarissimis habitatoribus prorsus illustre).
The city was important enough in the
Roman province of Byzacena to become a suffragan of its Metropolitan of Archdiocese of Hadrumetum, but was to fade.
Bishops of Ruspe earlier than Saint Fulgentius (Italian:
Fulgenzio di Ruspe) whose names are known are
The immediate successor of Fulgentius was Felicianus, his companion in exile, who participated in the
Council of Carthage (534).
No longer a residential bishopric, Ruspae (the spelling used in the
) is today listed by the Annuario Pontificio Catholic Church as a titular see.  
The bishops who have held this titular see are:
Vincenzo de Via (1757.12.19 – 1762.01.31)
Dominican Order (O.P.) (1778.01.29 – 1789.09.07) Grgo Ilijić,
Friars Minor (O.F.M.) (1796.09.30 – 1799.06.01) Edward Bede Slater,
Benedictine Order O.S.B. (1818.06.18 – 1832.07.15) Romualdo Jimeno Ballesteros, O.P. (1839.08.02 – 1846.01.19)
Capuchin Friars (O.F.M. Cap.) (1884.08.08 – 1891.08.10) Spiridion Poloméni (1892.02.27 – 1930.09.12)
Joseph Louis Aldée Desmarais (1931.01.30 – 1939.06.22)
Thomas Tien-ken-sin (田耕莘), Divine Word Missionaries (S.V.D.) (1939.07.11 – 1946.02.18), as Apostolic Vicar of Yanggu 陽穀 (China) (1939.07.11 – 1942.11.10) and then Apostolic Vicar of Qingdao 青島 (China) (1942.11.10 – 1946.04.11); previously Apostolic Prefect of Yanggu 陽穀 (China) (1934.02.23 – 1939.07.11); later Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria in Via (1946.02.22 – 1967.07.24), Metropolitan Archbishop of Beijing 北京 (PR China) (1946.04.11 – 1967.07.24), Apostolic Administrator of Taipei 臺北 (Taiwan) (1959.12.16 – 1966.02.15) Joseph Carroll McCormick (1947.01.11 – 1960.06.25)
David Monas Maloney (1960.11.05 – 1967.12.02)
Horacio Arturo Gómez Dávila (1968.07.03 – 1974.09.15)
Enzo Ceccarelli Catraro,
Salesians (S.D.B.) (1974.10.05 – 1998.11.15) Vlado Košić (1998.12.29 – 2009.12.05)
Rafael Biernaski (2010.02.10 – 2015.06.24)
Nuno Manuel dos Santos Almeida (21.11.2015) incumbent.
Macbean, A. (1773). . London: G. Robinson. p. 14. A Dictionary of Ancient Geography: Explaining the Local Appellations in Sacred, Grecian, and Roman History OCLC 6478604.
^ a b c d e J. Mesnage,
, ( L'Afrique chrétienne Paris, 1912), pp. 140–141
Image of section of the Tabula Peutingeriana with Ruspe
Henricus de Noris in Migne's Supplement to the Works of Augustine, Patrologia Latina, vol. 47, col. 297B
Book IV, Chapter 3
Alexander MacBean, Samuel Johnson, A Dictionary of Ancient Geography (G. Robinson, 1773)
^ a b
William Smith, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854)
^ a b Stefano Antonio Morcelli,
, Volume I, ( Africa christiana Brescia, 1816), pp. 265–266
^ a b
Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 961
^ a b c d e
G. Ch. Picard, "Ruspe" in Enciclopedia dell'Arte Antica (Treccani 1965)
Edward Gibbon, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, 5 (Baudry's European Library, 1840), chapter 41, footnote 15
^ a b c
Sophrone Pétridès, "Ruspe" in (New York 1912) Catholic Encyclopedia
The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1976)
Henchir Bou Tria: Tunisia
Rass Bou Tria
Pius Bonifacius Gams, , ( Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae Leipzig, 1931), p. 468.
La sede titolare nel sito di www.catholic-hierarchy.org
La sede titolare nel sito di www.gcatholic.org
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