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Rubidium fluoride

Rubidium fluoride
Names
Other names
Rubidium(I) Fluoride
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.033.262
RTECS number VL8740000
Properties
RbF
Molar mass 104.4662 g/mol
Appearance white crystalline solid
Density 3.557 g/cm3
Melting point 795 °C (1,463 °F; 1,068 K)
Boiling point 1,408 °C (2,566 °F; 1,681 K)
130.6 g/100 mL (18 °C)
−31.9·10−6 cm3/mol
Hazards
Main hazards Toxic
NFPA 704
Flammability code 0: Will not burn. E.g. waterHealth code 3: Short exposure could cause serious temporary or residual injury. E.g. chlorine gasReactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g. liquid nitrogenSpecial hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
0
3
0
Flash point Non-flammable
Related compounds
Other anions
Rubidium chloride
Rubidium bromide
Rubidium iodide
Rubidium astatide
Other cations
Lithium fluoride
Sodium fluoride
Potassium fluoride
Caesium fluoride
Francium fluoride
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Rubidium fluoride (RbF) is the fluoride salt of rubidium. It is a cubic crystal with rock-salt structure.

There are several methods for synthesising rubidium fluoride. One involves reacting rubidium hydroxide with hydrofluoric acid:

RbOH + HF → RbF + H2O

Another method is to neutralize rubidium carbonate with hydrofluoric acid:

Rb2CO3 + 2HF → 2RbF + H2O + CO2

Another possible method is to react rubidium hydroxide with ammonium fluoride:

RbOH + NH4F → RbF + H2O + NH3

The least used method due to expense of rubidium metal is to react it directly with fluorine gas, as rubidium reacts violently with halogens:

2Rb + F2 → 2RbF

References

  • "Rubidium compounds: rubidium fluoride". WebElements: the periodic table on the web. WebElements. Retrieved 16 November 2011.