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Royal Tapestry Factory

Royal Tapestry Factory
Native name
Spanish: Real Fábrica de Tapices
Real Fábrica de Tapices (Madrid) 01.jpg
The tall chimney is used in the production of dyes.
Location Madrid, Spain
Coordinates 40°24′22″N 3°40′57″W / 40.406069°N 3.682483°W / 40.406069; -3.682483
Official name: Real Fábrica de Tapices
Type Non-movable
Criteria Monument
Designated 2006
Reference no. RI-51-0011608
Royal Tapestry Factory is located in Spain
Royal Tapestry Factory
Location of Royal Tapestry Factory in Spain

The Royal Tapestry Factory (Spanish: Real Fábrica de Tapices de Santa Bárbara) is a manufacturing plant located in Madrid, Spain, which was founded in 1720.

History

The factory was founded by Philip V after Spain lost its Belgian territories, and their tapestry workshops, as a result of the Peace of Utrecht. The project was one of a number of mercantilist initiatives undertaken in the eighteenth century in the Madrid area to supply luxury goods. Another example was the Real Fábrica del Buen Retiro porcelain factory.

Like its French counterpart the Gobelins Manufactory, the Royal Tapestry Factory supplied the court with tapestries. While still in his 20s the painter Francisco Goya was commissioned to provide designs (known as cartoons[1]) for tapestries to furnish El Escorial and El Pardo, two of the palaces in the Madrid region.[2] Many of the Goya tapestry cartoons are displayed at the Museo del Prado.

The Parasol. A 1777 design by Goya. It is one of the cards that Goya delivered to the Royal Factory in 1775, the year he arrived to supply models that were later converted into tapestries.

Current activities

In the 1990s the factory was running at a loss and received a bail-out from public funds. It became a foundation under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture with the aim of providing a secure basis for the future. Although further issues related to profitability have been reported, the factory still produces traditional tapestries and carpets.[3] As well as producing new pieces, it is involved in the conservation of historic textiles.

After Manuela Carmena became mayor of Madrid in 2015 issues came to light regarding the continued rent-free residence of the former owner and factory director, Livinio Stuyck, in a 700m2 duplex apartment atop the factory. There were allegations of squatting, and an attempt to impose fines.[4]

Building

The factory was originally located at the Puerta de Santa Bárbara, a gate on the northern side of Madrid.

The factory has occupied its present site, not far from Atocha station, since the nineteenth century. The nineteenth century building is itself is of historical interest. It was given a heritage listing Bien de Interés Cultural in 2006.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ Cartoon
  2. ^ Seisdedos, Iker (2014). "Prado Museum unravels Goya's neglected tapestry sketches". El País (el.pais.com). Retrieved 4 December 2014.
  3. ^ Cuesta, Isabel (10 July 2015). "Royal weavers still turning out tapestries despite no pay". El País. Retrieved 25 March 2017.
  4. ^ Badcock, James (2017-04-30). "Goya's tapestry workshop in knotty eviction row". BBC News.
  5. ^ Real Decreto 80/2006

External links