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Rosehill Cemetery

Rosehill Cemetery
Details
Established1859
LocationChicago, Illinois
CountryUnited States
Size141 ha (350 acres)
No. of graves34,000
WebsiteRosehill Cemetery
Rosehill Cemetery Administration Building and Entry Gate
Rosehill-Chicago-maingate.jpg
Rosehill Cemetery Gatehouse
Rosehill Cemetery is located in Chicago metropolitan area
Rosehill Cemetery
Rosehill Cemetery is located in Illinois
Rosehill Cemetery
Rosehill Cemetery is located in the US
Rosehill Cemetery
Location5800 N. Ravenswood Avenue, Chicago
Coordinates41°59′13″N 87°40′45″W / 41.98694°N 87.67917°W / 41.98694; -87.67917
Built1864
ArchitectWilliam W. Boyington
Architectural styleOther
NRHP reference #75000651
Significant dates
Added to NRHPApril 24, 1975[1]
Designated CLOctober 16, 1980

Rosehill Cemetery (founded 1859) is an American Victorian-era cemetery on the North Side of Chicago, Illinois, and at 350 acres (1.4 km2), is the largest cemetery in the City of Chicago. The name "Rosehill" resulted from a City Clerk's error – the area was previously called "Roe's Hill", named for nearby farmer Hiram Roe. He refused to sell his land to the city until it was promised that the cemetery be named in his honor.[2] It is located in the north east section of the Lincoln Square community area.

Rosehill's Joliet-limestone entrance gate (added in 1864) was designed by William W. Boyington, the architect of the Chicago Water Tower and the Old University of Chicago, who is buried in Rosehill. The Rosehill Cemetery Administration Building and Entry Gate was listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places in 1975.[1]

Like its sister cemetery Graceland, Rosehill is the burial place of many well-known Chicagoans. The cemetery contains many monuments that are notable for their beauty and eccentricity, such as that of Lulu Fellows.[3]

Several graves from the old City Cemetery, originally located in what is now Lincoln Park were relocated to Rosehill. Some of the gravestones and monuments were also moved to Rosehill Cemetery and can be seen.

Landmarks

Rosehill Mausoleum

Original wing of the mausoleum

Dedicated in 1914, Rosehill Mausoleum was designed by architect Sidney Lovell. It is the largest mausoleum in Chicago and has two levels, the lower level being partially underground. The interior is constructed almost entirely of marble. The floors are Italian Carrara marble. There are many small family-owned rooms with heavy bronze gates. Some of these private rooms feature stained glass windows by Louis Comfort Tiffany among other artists. Richard B. Ogilvie, Governor of Illinois, is entombed near the ceiling in the west part of the Mausoleum. Other notables include Aaron Montgomery Ward, his business rival Richard Warren Sears, and John G. Shedd, philanthropist and president of Marshall Field & Company. The mausoleum has been expanded several times.

1975 expansion

Horatio N. May Chapel

Built in 1899, the Horatio N. May Chapel was designed by architect Joseph Lyman Silsbee. It is designed in a blend of Gothic and Romanesque styles, with an exterior of granite and an interior appointed with mosaic floors and a graceful oak roof with "hammer-beam trusses and curved brackets." [4]

Civil War Memorials

Battery A Chicago Light Artillery Monument

Civil War buffs have long been attracted to Rosehill, where approximately 350 Union soldiers and sailors and at least three Confederates who gave their lives in service are entombed. It is the final resting place for several members of the 8th Illinois Cavalry, the unit that fired the first shots in the Battle of Gettysburg, and of a general whose troops helped Ulysses S. Grant avoid surrender in the Battle of Shiloh, Grant's first major engagement of the war. Rosehill Cemetery maintains the distinction of being the largest private burial ground of Union veterans, including 16 generals, in the state of Illinois. To honor those who fought for country and cause, Rosehill officially opened its own Civil War Museum on January 15, 1995.

Chicago Volunteer Firefighter's Memorial

A monument "To Honor All the Courageous Volunteer Firefighters of Chicago" was erected in Rosehill Cemetery in 1864. The monument, designed by Leonard Volk, features a vigilant fireman standing atop a tall column. A fire hose is wrapped around the base. Four old-style hydrants make up the corners of the memorial. The granite marker at the base contains the names of all firefighters killed in the line of duty.

Volunteer Firemen's Monument

In film

Rosehill was featured in the film Next of Kin (1989). The funeral scene in Backdraft (1991) takes place at the Volunteer Firefighter's Monument at Rosehill, but was actually filmed elsewhere using a replica of this monument. Lulu Fellowes (the girl in the glass box) also appeared in the film U.S. Marshals (1998).

Fireside Restaurant & Lounge

The roadhouse now known as the Fireside Restaurant & Lounge has stood across from historic Rosehill Cemetery for more than a century. It is one of the oldest continuously operating taverns in Chicago. The original tavern once served traveling farmers and mourners alike, even offering accommodations.

West Ridge Nature Preserve

In 2015, the Chicago Park District Park No. 568 - West Ridge Nature Preserve was established along the north western edge of Rosehill Cemetery. The park land, which was once part of the cemetery, features 20.585 acres of restored woodland, native plants, boardwalks, a 4.5 acre pond, a multipurpose trail around the park with elevated overlooks, educational and interpretive signage for easy identification of plantings, fishing stations and wildlife viewing opportunities.[5]

Notable burials

References

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  2. ^ "Revisiting Roe's Hill and Our Shoreline". edgewaterhistory.org.
  3. ^ Matt Hucke (2010). "Rosehill Cemetery and Mausoleum: Lulu Fellows". Graveyards.com. Retrieved 2015-08-25.
  4. ^ "Costly Tombs of the Rich". Chicago Tribune. August 19, 1900. p. 51. (Subscription required (help)).
  5. ^ "West Ridge Nature Play Space". Chicago Park District.
  6. ^ "Rosehill Cemetery and Mausoleum: Darius Miller". Graveyards.com. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  7. ^ "The Curse of King Tut". Gravely Speaking. January 9, 2013. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  8. ^ Karamanski, Theodore J.; McMahon, Eileen M., eds. (2014). Civil War Chicago. Ohio University Press. p. 270. ISBN 978-0821444818.
  9. ^ "Ira G. Rawn, 20 Jul 1910". FamilySearch. "Illinois, Cook County Deaths, 1878–1922", index. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
  10. ^ "Edwin Silverman Services Set Saturday in Chicago". Desert Sun. 43 (163). Palm Springs, California. 12 February 1970. p. 3.

External links