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Romblomanon language

Romblomanon
Native toPhilippines
RegionRomblon province (entire Romblon and Sibuyan islands; some parts of Tablas except Banton, Corcuera, Maestro de Ocampo and Carabao)
Native speakers
94,000 (2011)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3rol
Glottologromb1245[2]
Romblomanon language map.png
Area where Romblomanon is spoken

Romblomanon is an Austronesian regional language spoken, along with Asi and Onhan, in the province of Romblon in the Philippines. The language is also called Ini, Tiyad Ini, Basi, Niromblon, and Sibuyanon. It is a part of the Bisayan language family and is closely related to other Philippine languages.

Specifically, it is spoken in the following islands on Romblon:

Grammar

Pronouns

Personal

  Absolutive Ergative Oblique
1st person singular ako nakon, ko akon
2nd person singular ikaw, ka nimo, mo imo
3rd person singular siya niya iya
1st person plural inclusive kita naton aton
1st person plural exclusive kami namon amon
2nd person plural kamo nindo indo
3rd person plural sinda ninda inda

Demonstrative pronouns

  Absolutive Ergative/Oblique Locative Existential
Nearest to speaker (this, here) iní tiyadní dirí (y)ári
Near to addressee or closely removed from speaker and addressee (that, there) inâ tiyadnâ dirâ (y)ára'
Remote (yon, yonder) adtó tiyadtó didtó (y)á(d)to

In addition to this, there are two verbal deictics, karí, meaning come to speaker, and kadto, meaning to go yonder.

Interrogative Words

Romblomanon English Example
Ano What Ano imo pangayan? "What is your name?"
San-o When San-o ka makadto sa Romblon? "When are you going to Romblon?"
Diin Where Diin ka pa-kadto? "Where are you going"
Sin-o Who Sin-o ang imo ka-ibahan? "Who is your companion?"
Kamusta How Kamusta ka? "How are you?"
Pa-unó How (a derivative of ano) Pa-unó ka maka halin? "How can you go?"
Pila How much / How many Pila ini? "How much is this?" / Pila ka tawo ang yara? "How many people are there?"

Examples

Loan Words

(See Talk page.)

Numbers

Number Romblomanon
1 Isá
2 Duhá
3 Tuyó
4 Upat
5 Limá
6 Onum
7 Pitó
8 Wayó
9 Siyám
10 Napúyô
100 Isa-kagatús
1000 Isa-kalibó
First Una
Second Panga-duhá
Third Pang-tuyó / Pangat-lo
Fourth Pang-upat
Fifth Pang-limá
Sixth Pang-onum
Seventh Pang-pitó
Eighth Pang-wayó
Ninth Pang-siyám
Tenth Pang-napúyô

Common Expressions

Romblomanon / Sibuyanon dialect (San Fernando) Tagalog English
Ambo / Ilaga (Sibuyan) Daga Rat
Asó Usok Smoke
Ayam / Ajam (Sibuyan) Aso Dog
Ayaw mag pinisik / Ajaw mag pinisik (Sibuyan) Huwag kang malandi. Don't flirt
Babaye / Baje (Sibuyan) Babae Female
Bu-ang Baliw Crazy
Bukon, Indi Hindi No
Bulan / Buyan (Sibuyan) Buwan Month
Bungoy Bingi Deaf
Buroy Bobo Dumb
Buta Bulag Blind
Buwas Bukas Tomorrow
Hadakon, Hambugon Mayabang Boastful
Hadlok Takot Afraid
Mus na Tara na Let's go
Hangit ako sa imo Galit ako sa iyo I hate you
Higko / Higtang (Sibuyan) Dumi Dirt
Hu-o Oo Yes
Ibabaw Itaas Up
Idayum Ilalim Down
Kabu-ot ka / Kabuoton ka (Sibuyan) Mabait ka You are kind
Ka-guapa ka / Kaguapahon ka (Sibuyan) Maganda ka You are beautiful
Ka-guapo ka / Kaguapuhon ka (Sibuyan) Gwapo ka You are handsome
Kalag Kaluluwa Spirit
Galaum / Gasi Akala Assumption
Kanam Laro Play
Kwarta Salapi Money
Layaki / Yaki (Sibuyan) Lalaki Male
Maayo nga adlaw / Maajo na Adlaw (Sibuyan) Magandang araw Good day
Maayo nga aga / Maajo na Aga (Sibuyan) Magandang umaga Good morning
Maayo nga gabi-i / Maajo na Gab-i (Sibuyan) Magandang gabi Good evening
Maayo nga hapon / Maajo na Hapon (Sibuyan) Magandang hapon Good afternoon
Mabinuligon Matulungin Helpful
Madamo nga salamat Maraming salamat Thanks a lot
Magdahan ka Mag-ingat ka Take care
Mahuga Mahirap Difficult
Mahugod / Mapisan (Sibuyan) Masipag Industrious
Maisog / Kaisugon (Sibuyan) Matapang Brave
Makusog / Kakusugon (Sibuyan) Malakas Strong
Mala-in / Kalainon (Sibuyan) Masama Bad
Malipay Masaya Happy
Maluya / Maluja (Sibuyan) Mabagal Slow
Manamit / Kanamiton (Sibuyan) Masarap Delicious
Manang Ate Older sister
Manong Kuya Older brother
Mayad / Majad (Sibuyan) Matalino Intelligent
Merkado Pamilihan Market
O-ning / Kuring (Sibuyan) Pusa Cat
Palangga Ta Gid Ikaw Mahal na mahal kita I love you so much
Palangga ta ikaw Mahal kita I love you
Pisikon / Pisikan Malandi Flirtatious
Pusong / Bakakon Sinungaling Liar
Semana Linggo Week
Sinsilyo Barya Coins
Subay Langgam Ant
Tubi Tubig Water
Tu-ig Taon Year
Tu-o Kanan Right
Waya Kaliwa Left
Yawa / Jawa (Sibuyan) Kasamaan Demon

References

  1. ^ Romblomanon at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Romblomanon". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.

External links