Obrestad Lighthouse in December 2009
Rogaland within Norway
|• County mayor||Solveig Ege Tengesdal |
Christian Democratic Party
|• Total||9,377.1 km2 (3,620.5 sq mi)|
|• Land||8,590 km2 (3,320 sq mi)|
|Area rank||#13 in Norway, 2.82% of Norway's land area|
(30 September 2019)
|• Rank||4 (9.02% of country)|
|• Density||51/km2 (130/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||18.3 %|
|Time zone||UTC+01 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02 (CEST)|
|Official language form||Neutral|
|Income (per capita)||(€20,000) 155,000 NOK|
|GDP (per capita)||(€34,000) 267,000 NOK (2008)|
|GDP national rank||4 (6.63% of country)|
Rogaland [ˈrûːɡɑlɑn] (listen) is a county in Western Norway, bordering the Norwegian Sea to the west, and counties Vestland to the north, Vestfold og Telemark to the east, and Agder to the east and southeast. Before many of the Norwegian counties were merged on January 1st. 2020, Rogaland county bordered Hordaland (now part of Vestland), Telemark (now part of Vestfold og Telemark), Vest-Agder, and Aust-Agder (both now part of Agder) counties.
Rogaland is the center of the Norwegian petroleum industry. In 2016, Rogaland had an unemployment rate of 4.9%, one of the highest in Norway. In 2015, Rogaland had a fertility rate of 1.78 children per woman, which is the highest in the country.
Rogaland is the region's Old Norse name, which was revived in modern times. During Denmark's rule of Norway until the year 1814, the county was named Stavanger amt, after the large city of Stavanger. The first element is the plural genitive case of rygir which is probably referring to the name of an old Germanic tribe (see Rugians). The last element is land which means "land" or "region". In Old Norse times, the region was called Rygjafylki.
The coat-of-arms is modern; it was granted on 11 January 1974. The arms are blue with a white or silver pointed cross in the centre. The cross is based on the old stone cross in Sola, the oldest national monument in Norway. It was erected in memory of Erling Skjalgsson after his death in 1028. This type of cross was very common in medieval Norway.
Stavanger/Sandnes, the third-largest urban area of Norway, is in central Rogaland and it includes the large city of Stavanger and the neighboring municipalities of Sandnes, Randaberg, and Sola. Together, this conurbation is ranked above the city Trondheim in population rankings in Norway.
Karmøy has large deposits of copper (some from the Visnes mine was used in the construction of the Statue of Liberty). Sokndal has large deposits of ilmenite. Rogaland is the most important region for oil and gas exploration in Norway, and the Jæren district in Rogaland is one of the country's most important agricultural districts.
There are remains in Rogaland from the earliest times, such as the excavations in a cave at Viste in Randaberg (Svarthola). These include the find of a skeleton of a boy from the Stone Age. Various archeological finds stem from the following times, the Bronze Age and the Iron Age. Many crosses in Irish style have been found. Rogaland was called Rygjafylke in the Viking Age. Before Harald Fairhair and the Battle of Hafrsfjord, it was a petty kingdom. The Rugians were a tribe possibly connected with Rogaland.
A series of festivals and congresses of international fame and profile are arranged, such as The Chamber Music Festival, The Maijazz Festival, The Gladmat (lit. food with a happy smile) Festival, and The ONS event, which has been held in Stavanger every second year since 1974. The ONS is a major international conference and exhibition with focus on oil and gas, and other topics from the petroleum industry. The Concert Hall and Music Complex at Bjergsted and the Stavanger Symphony Orchestra provide important inspiration in the Norwegian musical environment. Another annual event in Stavanger is The World Tour Beach Volleyball. During this tournament, the downtown is converted into a beach volleyball arena.
Rogaland is home to many natural wonders, like Prekestolen, Kjerag and Gloppedalsura. In Stavanger, there is an archeological museum with many artifacts from early history in Rogaland. An Iron Age farm at Ullandhaug in Stavanger is reconstructed on the original farm site dating back to 350–500 AD. The Viking Farm is a museum at Karmøy.
|No.||Municipality No.||Name||Created||Former Municipality No.|
|1||1101||Eigersund||January 1, 1965||1101 Egersund|
|2||1103||Stavanger||January 1, 2020||1103 Stavanger|
|3||1106||Haugesund||February 1, 1855||1152 Torvestad|
|4||1108||Sandnes||January 1, 2020||1102 Sandnes|
|5||1111||Sokndal||January 1, 1838|
|6||1112||Lund||January 1, 1838|
|7||1114||Bjerkreim||January 1, 1838|
|8||1119||Hå||January 1, 1964||1117 Ogna|
|9||1120||Klepp||January 1, 1838|
|10||1121||Time||January 1, 1838|
|11||1122||Gjesdal||January 1, 1965||1114 Bjerkreim|
|12||1124||Sola||July 1, 1930||1124 Håland|
|13||1127||Randaberg||July 1, 1922||1126 Hetland|
|14||1130||Strand||January 1, 1838|
|15||1133||Hjelmeland||July 1, 1884||1133 Hjelmeland og Fister|
|16||1134||Suldal||January 1, 1838|
|18||1144||Kvitsøy||January 1, 1923||1143 Mosterøy|
|21||1149||Karmøy||January 1, 1965||1104 Skudeneshavn|
|22||1151||Utsira||July 1, 1924||1152 Torvastad|
|23||1160||Vindafjord||January 1, 2006||1154 Vindafjord|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rogaland.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Rogaland.|