This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.

Rogaland

Rogaland fylke
Obrestad Lighthouse in December 2009
Obrestad Lighthouse in December 2009
Rogaland within Norway
Rogaland within Norway
Coordinates: 59°N 06°E / 59°N 6°E / 59; 6
CountryNorway
CountyRogaland
RegionVestlandet
County IDNO-11
Administrative centreStavanger
Government
 • County mayorSolveig Ege Tengesdal
  Christian Democratic Party
  (2015–present)
Area
 • Total9,377.1 km2 (3,620.5 sq mi)
 • Land8,590 km2 (3,320 sq mi)
Area rank#13 in Norway, 2.82% of Norway's land area
Population
 (30 September 2019)
 • Total478,910
 • Rank4 (9.02% of country)
 • Density51/km2 (130/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
18.3 %
Demonym(s)Rogalending
Time zoneUTC+01 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02 (CEST)
Official language formNeutral
Income (per capita)(€20,000) 155,000 NOK
GDP (per capita)(€34,000) 267,000 NOK (2008)
GDP national rank4 (6.63% of country)
Websitewww.rogfk.no
Data from Statistics Norway

[1]Rogaland [ˈrûːɡɑlɑn] (About this soundlisten) is a county in Western Norway, bordering the Norwegian Sea to the west, and counties Vestland to the north, Vestfold og Telemark to the east, and Agder to the east and southeast. Before many of the Norwegian counties were merged on January 1st. 2020, Rogaland county bordered Hordaland (now part of Vestland), Telemark (now part of Vestfold og Telemark), Vest-Agder, and Aust-Agder (both now part of Agder) counties.

Rogaland is the center of the Norwegian petroleum industry. In 2016, Rogaland had an unemployment rate of 4.9%, one of the highest in Norway.[2] In 2015, Rogaland had a fertility rate of 1.78 children per woman, which is the highest in the country.[3]

The Diocese of Stavanger for the Church of Norway includes all of Rogaland county.

Etymology

Rogaland is the region's Old Norse name, which was revived in modern times. During Denmark's rule of Norway until the year 1814, the county was named Stavanger amt, after the large city of Stavanger. The first element is the plural genitive case of rygir which is probably referring to the name of an old Germanic tribe (see Rugians). The last element is land which means "land" or "region". In Old Norse times, the region was called Rygjafylki.[4]

Coat-of-arms

The coat-of-arms is modern; it was granted on 11 January 1974. The arms are blue with a white or silver pointed cross in the centre. The cross is based on the old stone cross in Sola, the oldest national monument in Norway. It was erected in memory of Erling Skjalgsson after his death in 1028. This type of cross was very common in medieval Norway.[5]

Geography

Rogaland is mainly a coastal region with fjords, beaches, and islands, the principal island being Karmøy. The vast Boknafjorden is the largest bay, with many fjords branching off from it.

Stavanger/Sandnes, the third-largest urban area of Norway, is in central Rogaland and it includes the large city of Stavanger and the neighboring municipalities of Sandnes, Randaberg, and Sola. Together, this conurbation is ranked above the city Trondheim in population rankings in Norway.

There are many cities/towns in Rogaland other than Stavanger and Sandnes. They include Haugesund, Egersund, Sauda, Bryne, Kopervik, Åkrehamn, and Skudeneshavn.

Karmøy has large deposits of copper (some from the Visnes mine was used in the construction of the Statue of Liberty)[6]. Sokndal has large deposits of ilmenite. Rogaland is the most important region for oil and gas exploration in Norway, and the Jæren district in Rogaland is one of the country's most important agricultural districts.

History

There are remains in Rogaland from the earliest times, such as the excavations in a cave at Viste in Randaberg (Svarthola). These include the find of a skeleton of a boy from the Stone Age. Various archeological finds stem from the following times, the Bronze Age and the Iron Age. Many crosses in Irish style have been found. Rogaland was called Rygjafylke in the Viking Age. Before Harald Fairhair and the Battle of Hafrsfjord, it was a petty kingdom. The Rugians were a tribe possibly connected with Rogaland.

Culture and tourism

A series of festivals and congresses of international fame and profile are arranged, such as The Chamber Music Festival, The Maijazz Festival, The Gladmat (lit. food with a happy smile) Festival, and The ONS event, which has been held in Stavanger every second year since 1974. The ONS is a major international conference and exhibition with focus on oil and gas, and other topics from the petroleum industry. The Concert Hall and Music Complex at Bjergsted and the Stavanger Symphony Orchestra provide important inspiration in the Norwegian musical environment. Another annual event in Stavanger is The World Tour Beach Volleyball. During this tournament, the downtown is converted into a beach volleyball arena.

Rogaland is home to many natural wonders, like Prekestolen, Kjerag and Gloppedalsura. In Stavanger, there is an archeological museum with many artifacts from early history in Rogaland. An Iron Age farm at Ullandhaug in Stavanger is reconstructed on the original farm site dating back to 350–500 AD. The Viking Farm is a museum at Karmøy.

Municipalities

Rogaland County has a total of 23 municipalities:[7][8]

No. Municipality No. Name Created Former Municipality No.
1 1101 Eigersund January 1, 1965 1101 Egersund
1113 Heskestad
1115 Helleland
1116 Eigersund
2 1103 Stavanger January 1, 2020 1103 Stavanger
1141 Finnøy
1142 Rennesøy
3 1106 Haugesund February 1, 1855 1152 Torvestad
4 1108 Sandnes January 1, 2020 1102 Sandnes
1129 Forsand
5 1111 Sokndal January 1, 1838
6 1112 Lund January 1, 1838
7 1114 Bjerkreim January 1, 1838
8 1119 January 1, 1964 1117 Ogna
1118 Varhaug
1119 Nærbø
9 1120 Klepp January 1, 1838
10 1121 Time January 1, 1838
11 1122 Gjesdal January 1, 1965 1114 Bjerkreim
1122 Gjestal
1128 Høle
1129 Forsand
12 1124 Sola July 1, 1930 1124 Håland
13 1127 Randaberg July 1, 1922 1126 Hetland
14 1130 Strand January 1, 1838
15 1133 Hjelmeland July 1, 1884 1133 Hjelmeland og Fister
16 1134 Suldal January 1, 1838
17 1135 Sauda 1842 1134 Suledal
18 1144 Kvitsøy January 1, 1923 1143 Mosterøy
19 1145 Bokn 1849 1150 Skudesnæs
20 1146 Tysvær 1849 1154 Skjold
21 1149 Karmøy January 1, 1965 1104 Skudeneshavn
1105 Kopervik
1147 Avaldsnes
1148 Stangaland
1149 Åkra
1150 Skudenes
1152 Torvastad
22 1151 Utsira July 1, 1924 1152 Torvastad
23 1160 Vindafjord January 1, 2006 1154 Vindafjord
1159 Ølen

Districts

Cities

Parishes

  • Askøy (Askø)
  • Avaldsnes
  • Bjerkreim
  • Bokn (Bukken)
  • Bore
  • Domkirken, Stavanger
  • Egersund
  • Erfjord
  • Falnes
  • Ferkingstad
  • Finnøy (Hesby)
  • Fister
  • Forsand (Fossan)
  • Frue, see Hetland
  • Førdesfjorden
  • Gjestal
  • Haugesund
  • Hausken
  • Helleland
  • Hesby
  • Heskestad
  • Hetland
  • Hjelmeland
  • Hvidingsø
  • Høgsfjord
  • Høle
  • Høyland
  • Håland
  • Imsland
  • Jelsa (Jelsø)
  • Klepp
  • Kopervik
  • Kvitsøy (Hvidingsø)
  • Lund
  • Lye
  • Madla
  • Malle, see Madla
  • Mosterøy
  • Nedstrand (Hinderå)
  • Norheim
  • Nærbø
  • Nærem
  • Ogna
  • Orre
  • Randaberg (Randeberg)
  • Rennesøy
  • Riska (Riskekvernen)
  • Røldal (in Hordaland after 1848)
  • Sand
  • Sandeid
  • Sandnes
  • Sankt Johannes, Stavanger
  • Sankt Petri, Stavanger
  • Saude (Sauda)
  • Sjernarøy
  • Skjold
  • Skudenes
  • Skudeneshavn
  • Skåre
  • Sokndal
  • Sola (Sole)
  • Soma
  • Stavanger
  • Strand
  • Suldal
  • Sørbø
  • Talgøy (Talgje)
  • Tananger
  • Time (Lye)
  • Tjora
  • Torvastad (Torvestad)
  • Tysvær
  • Utsira
  • Utstein Kloster
  • Varhaug
  • Vats
  • Vedavågen
  • Vikedal
  • Vår Frue, see Hetland
  • Åkra
  • Åkra (old)
  • Åna-Sira
  • Årdal
  • Egersund Branch (LDS, 1899-1913)
  • Haugesund Branch (LDS, 1905-1950)
  • Stavanger Branch (LDS, 1850-1938)
  • Stavanger (Dissentermenigheter: Stavanger, Klepp, and Haugesund 1859-1903)
  • Stavanger (Vennenes Samfund- Quakers, 1821-1951)

Villages

Former Municipalities

Demographics

Religion in Rogaland[9][10]
religion percent
Christianity
85.47%
Islam
1.53%
Buddhism
0.24%
Other/atheism
12.76%

Total population:[11][12]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1951211,512—    
1961239,052+13.0%
1971268,684+12.4%
1981305,490+13.7%
1991337,906+10.6%
2001375,225+11.0%
2011436,087+16.2%
2021 (est.)
525,729+20.6%
2031 (est.)
594,278+13.0%

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ "Arealstatistikk for Norge". Kartverket (in Norwegian Bokmål). 2013-03-08. Retrieved 2020-01-02.
  2. ^ Østerud, Tor Ingar (2016-02-26). "58 percent more unemployed engineers and IT people". Norway Today. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
  3. ^ "Total fertility rate, women, by county". Statistics Norway. 2015. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
  4. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Rogaland" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2016-07-21.
  5. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway – Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2016-07-05.
  6. ^ "Origin of the copper of the statue of Liberty". Statue-de-la-liberte. Archived from the original on 2017-08-15. Retrieved 3 August 2017.
  7. ^ List of Norwegian municipality numbers
  8. ^ PDF attachment to letter sent to the municipalities on October 27, 2017 from det Kongelige Kommunal og Moderniserings Department referencing Nye kommune- og fylkesnummer fra 1. januar 2020 (Norwegian)
  9. ^ Statistics Norway – Church of Norway. Archived 2012-07-16 at Archive.today
  10. ^ Statistics Norway – Members of religious and life stance communities outside the Church of Norway, by religion/life stance. County. 2006–2010
  11. ^ Statistics Norway.
  12. ^ Projected population – Statistics Norway
  13. ^ "Ebbell, Bendix". Store norske leksikon. Kunnskapsforlaget. 2007.[permanent dead link]

External links