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Richard Bruton

Richard Bruton
TD
Richard Bruton 2013.jpeg
Minister for Communications, Climate Action and Environment
Assumed office
11 October 2018
Taoiseach Leo Varadkar
Preceded by Denis Naughten
Minister for Education and Skills
In office
6 May 2016 – 16 October 2018
Taoiseach Enda Kenny
Leo Varadkar
Preceded by Jan O'Sullivan
Succeeded by Joe McHugh
Minister for Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation
In office
9 March 2011 – 6 May 2016
Taoiseach Enda Kenny
Preceded by Mary Hanafin
Succeeded by Mary Mitchell O'Connor
Deputy Leader of Fine Gael
In office
12 June 2002 – 14 June 2010
Leader Enda Kenny
Preceded by Jim Mitchell
Succeeded by James Reilly
Minister for Enterprise and Employment
In office
15 December 1994 – 26 June 1997
Taoiseach John Bruton
Preceded by Charlie McCreevy
Succeeded by Mary Harney
Minister of State for Energy Affairs
In office
23 September 1986 – 20 January 1987
Taoiseach Garret FitzGerald
Preceded by Edward Collins
Succeeded by Office abolished
Teachta Dála
Assumed office
February 2016
Constituency Dublin Bay North
In office
February 1982 – February 2016
Constituency Dublin North-Central
Senator
In office
13 October 1981 – 26 February 1982
Constituency Agricultural Panel
Personal details
Born Richard Martin Bruton
(1953-03-15) 15 March 1953 (age 65)
Dublin, Ireland
Nationality Irish
Political party Fine Gael
Spouse(s) Susan Meehan (m. 1988)
Relations John Bruton (Brother)
Children 4
Education
Alma mater
Website Official website

Richard Martin Bruton (born 15 March 1953) is an Irish Fine Gael politician who has served as Minister for Communications, Climate Action and Environment since October 2018. He has been a Teachta Dála (TD) for the Dublin Bay North constituency since 2016, and previously from 1982 to 2016 for the Dublin North-Central. He previously served as Minister for Education and Skills from 2016 to 2018, Minister for Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation from 2011 to 2016, Deputy Leader of Fine Gael from 2002 to 2010, Minister for Enterprise and Employment from 1994 to 1997 and Minister of State for Energy Affairs from 1986 to 1987. He was a Senator for the Agricultural Panel from 1981 to 1982.[1]

Bruton was born in Dublin, but grew up in Dunboyne, County Meath. He was educated at Belvedere College, Clongowes Wood College, University College Dublin where he studied Economics. After graduating with an MPhil from Nuffield College, he worked in private industry with the ESRI, P. J. Carroll & Company and CRH. In 1979, Bruton was elected to Meath County Council and served on a number of committees, before his election to Seanad Éireann in 1981 and his eventual election to Dáil Éireann in 1982.

After an initial period on the backbenches, Bruton was appointed Minister of State for Energy Affairs, following the resignation of Edward Collins in September 1986. In opposition between 1987 and 1994, Bruton served in a number of front bench positions including, Energy, Natural Resources, Health, Enterprise and Employment and Director of Policy. He was also the campaign manager for John Bruton's successful party leadership bid in 1990.

As part of the negotiating team that helped form the Rainbow coalition government in December 1994, Bruton claimed the highest-ranking Fine Gael cabinet position as Minister for Enterprise and Employment.

A return to opposition in 1997, saw Bruton remain on the Front Bench as Spokesperson on Education and Science, a position he held until he was appointed Director of Policy and Press Director in a reshuffle in 2000. After losing the 2002 party leadership election to Enda Kenny, Bruton was retained on the Front Bench and promoted to Deputy Leader as well as Spokesperson on Finance. After an unsuccessful leadership challenge in 2010, he was demoted to Spokesperson on Enterprise, Trade and Innovation.

After the formation of the coalition government in March 2011, Bruton was appointed Minister for Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation. Following the formation of a Fine Gael minority government in May 2016, he was appointed Minister for Education and Skills. On 11 October 2018, Bruton was appointed Minister for Communications, Climate Action and Environment, following the resignation of Denis Naughten.[2]

Early and private life

Bruton was born in Dublin, but grew up in Dunboyne, County Meath. He is the son of Joseph and Doris Bruton.[3] He was educated at Belvedere College, Clongowes Wood College, University College Dublin and Nuffield College, Oxford.[4] At Oxford, he graduated with a MPhil in Economics, his thesis being on the subject of Irish public debt.[3] He is a research economist by profession.[5] After university he worked at the Economic and Social Research Institute. This was followed by two years in the tobacco company P. J. Carroll, before moving on to his final private sector job at CRH.[3]

He is the younger brother of John Bruton, the former Taoiseach and Ambassador of the European Union to the United States.

Bruton is married to Susan Meehan; they have four children, two sons and two daughters.[6]

Early political career: 1979–1992

Bruton was elected to Meath County Council in 1979 and was elected to Seanad Éireann in 1981 for the Agricultural Panel.[3] At the February 1982 general election, he was elected to Dáil Éireann as a Fine Gael TD for the Dublin North-Central constituency.[7] From 1986 to 1987, he served as Minister of State at the Department of Industry and Commerce. He was then appointed opposition Spokesperson for Enterprise and Employment.

Minister for Enterprise and Employment: 1992–1997

After the 1992 general election, Fianna Fáil and the Labour Party formed a coalition government, which collapsed in 1994. Bruton then helped to negotiate the 'Rainbow Coalition' between Fine Gael, the Labour Party and Democratic Left. In that government his brother John Bruton became Taoiseach. Richard Bruton was given the highest-ranking Fine Gael ministerial position, serving as Minister for Enterprise and Employment.

Return to Opposition: 1997–2011

With the end of the Rainbow Coalition after the 1997 general election, Bruton returned to opposition.

Dublin City Council: 1999–2003

In 1999, he was elected to Dublin City Council, representing the Artane area.[7] He relinquished this seat when dual mandates were banned in 2003.

Fine Gael leadership election: 2002

Fine Gael had a disastrous result at the 2002 general election; Bruton was one of the few frontbench Fine Gael TDs to retain his seat. The party lost 23 of its 54 TDs, later party leader Michael Noonan resigned. Bruton stood as a candidate in the subsequent leadership election.[8] He was defeated by Enda Kenny, but was appointed Deputy Leader of Fine Gael and Spokesperson for Finance, posts he maintained until 2010.

Deputy Leader and Spokesperson on Finance: 2002–2010

Bruton was appointed Finance Spokesperson in 2002. In that role he was a consistent critic of government economic policy. In particular, he warned about the government’s overreliance on the property sector, and said that the government was ignoring the erosion of competitiveness and the loss of export market share as a growing construction sector temporarily insulated the economy from their effects.

In 2006, he told the Dáil that the government had "doubled its dependence on the construction sector to support its revenue. A total of 25% of every tax euro spent by the government comes from the construction sector. We are not in a strong position; we are, in fact, in a vulnerable position."

Bruton raised concerns about the payment of benchmarking awards. In 2003, on behalf of Fine Gael, he proposed a motion that the payment of the remaining phases of benchmarking be suspended pending implementation of a serious reform package so that the €1.3 Billion cost of benchmarking would be matched by commensurate improvements in public services.

Fine Gael leadership challenge: 2010

On 14 June 2010, Bruton was sacked as Deputy Leader and Spokesperson on Finance, by his leader Enda Kenny, after he informed his colleagues that he would be proposing a leadership challenge against Kenny.[9][10] Kenny explained that he and Bruton had had a series of discussions in which Bruton said he had lost confidence in him. Kenny later told the media that "Richard's decision leaves me with no option but to relieve him of all his responsibilities". He also said that "some unnamed people have done huge damage to Fine Gael through their anonymous comments to the media which has resulted in an opinion poll dominating the news agenda". He then assigned responsibility for the Finance portfolio to Deputy Kieran O'Donnell.

The first TD to come out in support of Bruton before his sacking was frontbencher Fergus O'Dowd from County Louth.[11] Nine other members of the front bench publicly expressed no confidence in Kenny's leadership. These included Leo Varadkar, Simon Coveney, Brian Hayes and Olivia Mitchell.

On 17 June 2010, a meeting of the parliamentary party was held and the 70 members cast their vote. The outcome was that the parliamentary party voted confidence in Enda Kenny as leader. Bruton then declined to comment as to whether he would serve in Kenny's front bench, despite saying earlier that it would be hypocritical to do so. On 1 July 2010, he was appointed by Kenny as Spokesperson on Enterprise, Trade and Innovation.[12]

Return to Government: 2011–present

Minister for Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation: 2011–2016

Bruton was appointed by the new Taoiseach Enda Kenny as Minister for Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation on 9 March 2011.

Bruton launched the first annual Action Plan for Jobs in 2012. The Plan's high level target was to create 100,000 net new jobs by 2016. Bruton announced in May 2015, that the target to create 100,000 additional new jobs had been hit almost two years early. The Action Plan is based on setting realistic targets and focusing on them until the measures required are in place. In The Irish Times in early 2014, Stephen Collins wrote approvingly that "hundreds of commitments in the programme are steadily being delivered by Minister for Jobs Richard Bruton"[13] and a year later described the annual plan which is "driven by Minister for Jobs Richard Bruton" as being "one of the outstanding success stories of the Coalition’s term".[14] In an editorial the Irish Independent said that Bruton deserves credit for the manner in which the Action Plan for Jobs has been crafted and implemented across a range of government departments over the last three years.[15] A review of the Action Plan for Jobs by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) concluded it had led to two significant developments in Irish public governance. One is a concerted whole of government policy implementation with political backing and oversight at the highest level. The other important development noted by the OECD is the rigorous quarterly monitoring and reporting system modelled on the troika programme.

While campaigning for the government before the European Fiscal Compact referendum on 17 May 2012, Bruton admitted on live radio the possibility of there being a second referendum if the Irish people voted "No".[16]

Minister for Education and Skills: 2016–present

Following the 2016 general election, there was a delay in government formation. On 9 May 2016, after talks had concluded on forming a new government, Enda Kenny appointed Bruton as Minister for Education and Skills. Bruton launched the first Action Plan for Education in September 2016. The Plan's high level ambition is to make Ireland's education and training system the best in Europe by 2026. Following the election of Leo Varadkar as Taoiseach, Bruton was reappointed as Minister for Education and Skills on 14 June 2017. After Minister Denis Naughten's resignation from government due to controversy surrounding the National Broadband Plan, Bruton became Acting Minister for Communications, Climate Action and Environment on 11 October 2018.

References

  1. ^ "Mr. Richard Bruton". Oireachtas Members Database. Retrieved 3 September 2009.
  2. ^ "Frances Fitzgerald is Tánaiste in new Cabinet". RTÉ News. Retrieved 7 May 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Sheridan, Kathy (6 December 2008). "The Mr Nice Guy of Irish politics". The Irish Times. Retrieved 7 December 2008.
  4. ^ "Richard Bruton TD". Fine Gael Party website. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
  5. ^ "About Richard Bruton". Richard Bruton's official website. Retrieved 31 July 2008.
  6. ^ Smyth, Sam (10 February 2010). "Heir apparent keeps his cool as knives are sharpened for FG leader". Irish Independent. Retrieved 10 February 2010.
  7. ^ a b "Richard Bruton". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 3 September 2009.
  8. ^ "The line of leaders since FitzGerald". The Irish Times. 14 June 2010.
  9. ^ "Kenny sacks Richard Bruton from Fine Gael front bench". The Irish Times. 14 June 2010.
  10. ^ "Richard Bruton sacked as FG deputy leader". RTÉ News. 14 June 2010. Retrieved 14 June 2010.
  11. ^ "First Fine Gael frontbencher emerges in support of Bruton". Irish Examiner. 14 June 2010.
  12. ^ "Bruton & Noonan return to Fine Gael frontbench". RTÉ News. 1 July 2010. Archived from the original on 4 July 2010. Retrieved 3 July 2010.
  13. ^ "Opposition gains initiative in post-troika vacuum". The Irish Times. 22 March 2014.
  14. ^ "Dáil antics and water charge protesters fail to drown out economic good news". The Irish Times. 31 January 2015.
  15. ^ "Editorial: Progress made on jobs, but it's a long road ahead". Irish Independent. 28 February 2014.
  16. ^ "Bruton raises prospect of second treaty referendum". Irish Examiner. Thomas Crosbie Holdings. 17 May 2012. Retrieved 17 May 2012.

External links

Oireachtas
Preceded by
Noël Browne
Fine Gael Teachta Dála for Dublin North-Central
19822016
Succeeded by
Constituency abolished
New constituency Fine Gael Teachta Dála for Dublin Bay North
2016–present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
Edward Collins
Minister of State for Energy Affairs
1986–1987
Succeeded by
Position abolished
Preceded by
Charlie McCreevy
Minister for Enterprise and Employment
1994–1997
Succeeded by
Mary Harney
Preceded by
Mary Hanafin
as Minister for Enterprise, Trade and Innovation
Minister for Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation
2011–2016
Succeeded by
Mary Mitchell O'Connor
Preceded by
Jan O'Sullivan
Minister for Education and Skills
2016–2018
Succeeded by
Joe McHugh
Preceded by
Denis Naughten
Minister for Communications, Climate Action and Environment
2018–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Jim Mitchell
Deputy Leader of Fine Gael
2002–2010
Succeeded by
James Reilly