Revivalism (architecture)

Typical historicist house: Gründerzeit building by Arwed Roßbach in Leipzig, Germany (built in 1892)
See also: Revival architectural styles.

Revivalism in architecture is the use of visual styles that consciously echo the style of a previous architectural era.

Modern-day revival styles can be summarized within New Classical Architecture, and sometimes under the umbrella term traditional architecture.

List of architectural revivals

Mixed movements

  • Gründerzeit – German historicist architecture of the 2nd half of the 19th century, distinctive style mélange; later variations included, e.g., "Heimatstil"
  • Historicism or Historism – mixed revivals that can include several older styles, combined with new elements
  • New Classical Architecture – an umbrella term for modern-day architecture following pre-modernist principles
  • Traditionalist School – revival of different regional traditional styles
  • Vernacular architecture – umbrella term for regional architecture traditions continuing through the eras, also used and cited in revival architecture

Western civilizations Revivalist architecture

Preclassical Revival
Classical Revival
Postclassical Revival
Medieval Revival
Schwerin Palace, historical ducal seat of Mecklenburg, Germany – an example of pompous renaissance revival for representation purposes (built in 1857)
Renaissance Revival
Opera, Paris (Palais Garnier) by Charles Garnier, 1861-1875
Wenckheim-Palais, Budapest (1886–1889) – an example of Neo-Baroque by Arthur Meinig
Baroque Revival
Modern era Revivals

Non-Western civilizations Revivalist architecture

The following are largely Orientalist styles.



  • Scott Trafton (2004), Egypt Land: Race and Nineteenth-Century American Egyptomania, Duke University Press, ISBN 0-8223-3362-7. p. 142.

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