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Remontado Agta language

Remontado Dumagat
Sinauna, Remontado Agta
Native toPhilippines
RegionTanay and Montalban in Rizal, Antipolo City, and General Nakar, Quezon
Native speakers
2,500 (2000)[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3agv
Remontado Dumagat language map.png
Area where Sinauna language is spoken

Remontado, also known as Sinauna, Kabalat, Remontado Dumagat, and Hatang-Kayi[1], is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken in Tanay, Rizal, General Nakar, Quezon (including in Paimahuan, Limoutan[4]), Rodriguez, Rizal and Antipolo City, in the Philippines. It is one of the Philippine Negrito languages.


The language is referred to by various terms in linguistic literature. The speakers refer to their language as Hatang-Kayi ("this language") while "Remontado" is the most common term in English literature used to refer to both the community and their language. "Sinauna" (meaning "ancient" or "old" in Tagalog) is a term used in some literature that originates after the language's discovery in the 1970s but has never been used by the speakers of the language themselves. "Remontado Agta" has also been used but this is also erroneous as speakers of this language are never referred to as Agta.[1]


Reid (2010)[5] classifies the language as a Central Luzon language.


The Remontado Dumagat were traditionally found in the mountains around the boundary between Sampaloc district in Tanay, Rizal, and General Nakar, Quezon (Lobel 2013:72-73).[6]

Today, Remontado is spoken in the following five villages, where it is only spoken by elderly people over the age of 50 (Lobel & Surbano 2019).[1] Two of the villages are in Barangay Santa Inez, Tanay town, Rizal Province, and three of the villages are in Barangay Limutan, General Nakar town, Quezon Province.

  • Minanga (Sentro), Barangay Limutan, General Nakar town, Quezon Province
  • Sitio Sari, Barangay Limutan, General Nakar town, Quezon Province
  • Sitio Paimuhuan, Barangay Limutan, General Nakar town, Quezon Province
  • Sitio Nayon, Barangay Santa Inez, Tanay town, Rizal Province
  • Sitio Kinabuan, Barangay Santa Inez, Tanay town, Rizal Province


  1. ^ a b c d Lobel, Jason William, and Orlando Vertudez Surbano. 2019. "Notes from the Field: Remontado (Hatang-Kayi): A Moribund Language of the Philippines." Language Documentation and Conservation Vol. 13 (2019), pp. 1–34.
  2. ^ Remontado Dumagat at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Hatang Kayi". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ Reid, Lawrence A. 1994. "Possible Non-Austronesian Lexical Elements in Philippine Negrito Languages." In Oceanic Linguistics, Vol. 33, No. 1 (Jun. 1994), pp. 37-72.
  5. ^ Reid, Lawrence A. 2010. Historical linguistics and Philippine hunter-gatherers. Loren Billings & Nelleke Goudswaard (eds.), Piakandatu ami Dr. Howard P. McKaughan, 234–260. Manila: Linguistic Society of the Philippines and SIL Philippines.
  6. ^ Lobel, J. W. (2013). Philippine and North Bornean languages: Issues in description, subgrouping, and reconstruction. PhD diss., University of Hawai‘i.