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Regrelor

Regrelor
Regrelor in ChemDraw 16.svg
RegrelorSpin.gif
Clinical data
Drug classantiplatelet drug
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ChEMBL
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC22H25N6O8P
Molar mass532.45 g/mol
3D model (JSmol)

Regrelor (also known as INS50589) is an experimental antiplatelet drug that was under investigation by Merck Sharp and Dohme in human clinical trials. Although it was initially found to be well-tolerated in healthy subjects, safety concerns led to cessation of clinical trials.

Medical uses

Regrelor is an experimental drug. It is classified as an antiplatelet medication.[1] It was under investigation for use in blood clotting problems,[2] as well as during coronary artery bypass surgery.[3]

Available forms

Regrelor is available in an intravenous formulation.[1]

Pharmacology

Regrelor is classified as a purinergic P2 receptor (P2Y12) antagonist.[4] Other compounds in the same mechanistic class include clopidogrel and ticagrelor. It is characterized as a reversible, competitive receptor antagonist.[5] The IC50 for antagonism of ADP-induced (P2Y12-mediated) platelet aggregation was 16 nM in vitro.[3]

Regrelor's primary metabolite is called INS51088.[5]

Chemistry

Regrelor is structurally similar to AMP, just like ticagrelor.[3] Regrelor has 4 hydrogen bond donors and 11 acceptors.[4] It is produced as a disodium salt.[6] The two sodium atoms bind the negatively charged phosphate moiety in solution.[3]

Synthesis

Regrelor was synthesized from adenosine diphosphate (ADP), an endogenous chemical involved in metabolism.[7] The authors noted that the addition of a lipophilic moiety like cinnamaldehyde at the C-2' and C-3' positions, combined with ethylurea at N-6 on the adenine base, yielded regrelor.[8]

History

Regrelor was developed around the same time as prasugrel and cangrelor.[1] After Inspire Pharmaceuticals initially developed the drug, it was purchased by Merck Sharp and Dohme.[6]

Research

Pre-clinical experiments in rats, dogs, and monkeys found that the drug acted quickly to inhibit platelet aggregation, and that baseline function was restored quickly after discontinuation of treatment.[5]

In a phase 1 clinical trial sponsored by Merck Sharp and Dohme Corporation, regrelor was well-tolerated in healthy volunteers.[9][5] In 2008, phase 2 trials were discontinued.[2] It is believed that further development of the drug was ceased due to safety reasons.[6] In the trial, there was an increased risk of bleeding for patients on regrelor.[3]

References

  1. ^ a b c Moliterno, DJ (2008). "Advances in antiplatelet therapy for ACS and PCI". J Interv Cardiol. 21 (Suppl 1): S18–24. doi:10.1111/j.1540-8183.2008.00409.x. PMID 19090933.
  2. ^ a b "Regrelor - AdisInsight". adisinsight.springer.com. Springer International Publishing AG. Retrieved 3 August 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e Chackalamannil, S; Rotella, D; Ward, S. "Comprehensive Medicinal Chemistry III". p. 568. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  4. ^ a b "Regrelor". pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved 3 August 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d Johnson, FL; Boyer, JL; Leese, PT; Crean, C; Krishnamoorthy, R; Durham, T; Fox, AW; Kellerman, DJ (2007). "Rapid and reversible modulation of platelet function in man by a novel P2Y(12) ADP-receptor antagonist, INS50589". Platelets. 18 (5): 346–56. doi:10.1080/09537100701268741. PMID 17654304.
  6. ^ a b c "Regrelor Disodium". en.pharmacodia.com. Pharmacodia Holding Ltd. Retrieved 3 August 2017.
  7. ^ Nave, C.R. (2005). "Adenosine Triphosphate". Hyper Physics [serial on the Internet]. Georgia State University.
  8. ^ Douglass, JG; Patel, RI; Yerxa, BR; Shaver, SR; Watson, PS; Bednarski, K; Plourde, R; Redick, CC; Brubaker, K; Jones, AC; Boyer, JL (2008). "Lipophilic Modifications to Dinucleoside Polyphosphates and Nucleotides that Confer Antagonist Properties at the Platelet P2Y12 Receptor". J Med Chem. 51 (4): 1007–1025. doi:10.1021/jm701348d.
  9. ^ "Study of the Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics, and Pharmacodynamics of INS50589 Intravenous Infusion in Healthy Volunteers". clinicaltrials.gov. Retrieved 3 August 2017.