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Regional Command of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Iraq Region

The Regional Command of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Iraq Region, officially the Regional Command of the Iraqi Regional Branch of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party, was the highest decision-making organ of the Iraqi Regional Branch. Throughout its history, the Regional Command has normally had 19-21 members.[1] When in power, the Directorate of Security Affairs was responsible for the security of the president and the senior members of the Regional Command.[2] Currently, the composition of the Regional Command of the Iraqi Regional Branch is unknown because the party remains underground.

The Iraqi Regional Branch was organized on the Marxist–Leninist model, with a small elite, the Regional Command, controlling the party from the top down. As in the Soviet Union, the party leadership became the government.[3] While the Regional Command was the de facto highest legislative and executive organ of state and party, the Revolutionary Command Council was according to the 1970 Iraqi constitution "the supreme body of the state."[4] In theory, the Regional Command was to be subordinate to the National Command.[5]

Structure

Members

Members of the 1st–12th Regional Commands
Name Took office Left office Term(s) Duration
Fuad al-Rikabi December 1955 29 November 1959 2 364 days
Shams al-Din Kazim December 1955 1957 1 31 days
Faysal Habib Khayzaran December 1955 1957 1 31 days
2 February 1960 May 1962 2 2 years, 88 days
Khalid Ali Salih al-Dulaymi 1957 July 1960 2 3 years, 182 days
Midhat Ibrahim Jumah 1957 29 November 1959 1 2 years, 332 days
Abdallah Rikabi 1957 29 November 1959 1 2 years, 332 days
Talib El-Shibib 1957 25 September 1963 4 6 years, 267 days
11 November 1963 February 1964 1 82 days
Karim Mahmud Shantaf 1957 29 November 1959 1 2 years, 332 days
11 November 1963 February 1964 1 82 days
Ayyad Said Thabit 1957 29 November 1959 1 2 years, 332 days
Ali Salih al-Sadi 2 February 1960 11 November 1963 4 3 years, 282 days
Sa'dun Hammadi 2 February 1960 25 September 1963 1 3 years, 235 days
June 1982 September 1991 1 9 years, 92 days
1994 18 May 2001 1 7 years, 137 days
Hazim Jawad 2 February 1960 February 1964 5 3 years, 364 days
Khalid Ali Salih al-Dulaymi 2 February 1960 July 1960 1 150 days
Hamdi Abd al-Majid May 1962 11 November 1963 2 1 year, 194 days
Hani Fakiki May 1962 11 November 1963 2 1 year, 194 days
Hamid Khalkhal May 1962 11 November 1963 2 1 year, 194 days
Muhsin Shaykh Radi May 1962 11 November 1963 2 1 year, 194 days
Abu Talib al-Hashimi 25 September 1963 11 November 1963 1 47 days
Adnan Qassab 25 September 1963 11 November 1963 1 47 days
Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr 11 November 1963 16 July 1979 5 15 years, 247 days
Abd al-Sattar Abd al-Latif 11 November 1963 February 1964 1 82 days
Muhammad Mihdawi 11 November 1963 February 1964 1 82 days
Salih Mahdi Ammash 11 November 1963 September 1971 3 7 years, 294 days
Mundhir Wandawi 11 November 1963 February 1964 1 82 days
Tahir Yahya 11 November 1963 February 1964 1 82 days
Ali Abd al-Karim 11 November 1963 February 1964 1 82 days
Faiq Bazzaz 11 November 1963 February 1964 1 82 days
Tariq Aziz 1 August 1965 9 April 2003 9 37 years, 251 days
Abd al-Sattar Duri 11 November 1963 February 1964 1 82 days
Fuad Shakir Mustafa 11 November 1963 February 1964 1 82 days
Karim Mahmud Shantaf 11 November 1963 1967 1 3 years, 51 days
Salim Sultan 11 November 1963 February 1964 1 82 days
Hassan Hajj Waddai 11 November 1963 February 1964 1 82 days
Saddam Hussein February 1964 9 April 2003 8 39 years, 67 days
Ahmad Taha Azzuz February 1964 October 1965 3 2 years, 242 days
Muhammad Mahjub February 1964 October 1966 3 2 years, 242 days
January 1974 16 July 1979 1 5 years, 196 days
Abdullah Sallum al-Samarra'i February 1964 March 1970 3 6 years, 28 days
Abd al-Khaliq al-Samarra'i February 1964 1973 3 8 years, 335 days
Hardan al-Tikriti February 1964 October 1966 1 2 years, 242 days
Abd al-Karim al-Shaykhli October 1966 September 1971 2 4 years, 335 days
Murtada al-Hadithi October 1966 January 1974 2 7 years, 92 days
Taha Yassin Ramadan October 1966 9 April 2003 8 36 years, 190 days
Salah Omar al-Ali October 1966 1970 2 3 years, 92 days
Izzat Mustafa October 1966 November 1968 1 2 years, 31 days
Izzat Ibrahim ad-Douri November 1966 9 April 2003 36 years, 190 days
Samir 'Abd al-Aziz Najam November 1968 September 1971 2 2 years, 335 days
Abd al-Wahhab Karim November 1968 September 1969 1 335 days
Tayih 'Abd al-Karim January 1974 June 1982 2 8 years, 151 days
Adnan Hasan Abbas al-Hamdani January 1974 16 July 1979 1 5 years, 196 days
Ghanim 'Abd al-Jalil January 1974 16 July 1979 1 5 years, 196 days
Izzat Mustafa January 1974 January–March 1977 1 3 years, 59 days
Fulayyih Hasan Jasim January 1974 March 1977 1 3 years, 59 days
Abdullah Fadhil Samarra'i January 1974 16 July 1979 1 5 years, 196 days
Muhammad Ayish Hamad January 1974 16 July 1979 1 5 years, 196 days
Muhyi 'Abd al-Hussein Mashhadi January 1974 16 July 1979 1 5 years, 196 days
Tahir al-Ani January 1974 September 1982 2 8 years, 151 days
Abd al-Fattah al-Yasin January 1974 September 1982 2 8 years, 151 days
Ja'far Qasim Hammudi January 1974 June 1982 2 8 years, 151 days
Hikmat Ibrahim al-Azzawi January 1974 June 1982 2 8 years, 151 days
Burhan Mustafa January 1974 June 1982 2 8 years, 151 days
Adnan Khairallah January 1974 4 May 1989 3 15 years, 123 days
Na'im Haddad January 1974 September 1991 3 17 years, 243 days
Hasan Ali January 1974 September 1991 3 17 years, 243 days
Sa'dun Shakir January 1974 September 1991 3 17 years, 243 days
Sahdi Mahdi Salih June 1982 1994 2 11 years, 214 days
Mohammad Amza Zubeidi June 1982 September 1991 1 9 years, 92 days
Samir Muhammad Abd al-Wahhab June 1982 September 1991 1 9 years, 92 days
Abd al-Hasan Rahi Majhul al-Firawn June 1982 September 1991 1 9 years, 92 days
Abd al-Ghanii Abd al-Ghafur June 1982 18 May 2001 3 18 years, 351 days
Kamil Yasin Rashid June 1982 18 May 2001 3 18 years, 351 days
Mizban Khidr Hadi June 1982 9 April 2003 4 20 years, 312 days
Ali Hassan al-Majid June 1982 9 April 2003 4 20 years, 312 days
Latif Nusayyif Jasim June 1982 September 1991 1 9 years, 92 days
1994 9 April 2003 2 9 years, 98 days
Khadar Abd al-Aziz Hussein September 1991 1994 1 2 years, 122 days
Ahmad Abd al-Rahman September 1991 1994 1 2 years, 122 days
Nuri Faysal Shahir September 1991 1994 1 2 years, 122 days
Mizhir Matni al-Awwad September 1991 1994 1 2 years, 122 days
Fawzi Khalaf September 1991 1994 1 2 years, 122 days
Muhammad Hamzi al-Zubaydi September 1991 18 May 2001 2 9 years, 259 days
Muhammad al-Ahmad September 1991 18 May 2001 2 9 years, 259 days
Muhammad Zimam Abd al-Razzaq September 1991 9 April 2003 3 11 years, 220 days
Abd al-Baqi Abd al-Karim al-Sadun 1994 18 May 2001 1 7 years, 137 days
Fadil Ibrahim al-Mashadani 1994 18 May 2001 1 7 years, 137 days
Samir Abd al-Aziz al-Najm 1994 9 April 2003 1 7 years, 98 days
Aziz Abdullah 1994 9 April 2003 2 7 years, 120 days
Aziz Saleh Nuhmah 1994 9 April 2003 2 7 years, 120 days
Qusay Hussein 18 May 2001 9 April 2003 1 1 year, 326 days
Huda Salih Mahdi Ammash 18 May 2001 9 April 2003 1 1 year, 326 days
Yahya Abdullah al-Abudi 18 May 2001 9 April 2003 1 1 year, 343 days
Uqlah Abd Saqar 18 May 2001 9 April 2003 1 1 year, 343 days
Rashid Ta'an Kazim 18 May 2001 9 April 2003 1 1 year, 343 days
Fadhil Mahmud Gharib 18 May 2001 9 April 2003 1 1 year, 343 days
Muhsin Khudayr al-Khafaji 18 May 2001 9 April 2003 1 1 year, 343 days

References

General
Regional Command membership was taken from this source:

Specific

  1. ^ Sassoon 2012, p. 36.
  2. ^ Sassoon 2012, p. 99.
  3. ^ Coughlin 2005, pp. 73–74.
  4. ^ Coughlin 2005, p. 74.
  5. ^ Ghareeb & Dougherty 2004, p. 192.

Bibliography

  • Coughlin, Con (2005). Saddam: His Rise and Fall. Harper Perennial. ISBN 0-06-050543-5.
  • Ghareeb, Edmund; Dougherty, Beth (2004). Historical dictionary of Iraq. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-4330-1.
  • Tripp, Charles (2010). A History of Iraq. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-87823-4.